Inactive Lists

There are a number of inactive lists used by MLB clubs. 

Disabled Lists

Only players with a verified injury or illness may be placed on a disabled list.

A player placed on the Disabled List (MLB 15-day DL or minor league 7-day DL, or MLB 7-day DL for players who have suffered a concussion) does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against his club's Reserve List. A player can be placed on the MLB 15-day DL no earlier than nine days prior to MLB Opening Day, and a player can be placed on a minor league 7-day DL no earlier than the start of his club's regular season. As long as the player did not appear in a game during the retroactive period, an MLB 15-day DL assignment can be backdated up to ten days during the season, and to a date no more than nine days prior to the start of the MLB regular season if the player is placed on the 15-day DL during Spring Training. A 7-day DL assignment can be backdated no more than four days.

A player's assignment to the MLB 7-day DL (for MLB players who have suffered a concussion) can be renewed once. If an MLB 7-day DL assignment is renewed and then the player is not reinstated within 15 days of initially being placed on the MLB 7-day DL, the player is automatically transferred to his club's 15-day DL.

A player placed on the Emergency Disabled List (60-day DL) does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List. A player can be placed on the MLB Emergency Disabled List (60-day DL) during Spring Training or anytime during the MLB regular season (a minor league player can be placed on a minor league club's 60-day DL only during the regular season), and a player can be transferred from the MLB 15-day DL to the MLB 60-day DL (or minor league 7-day DL to minor league 60-day DL). However, a player cannot be moved back to the MLB 15-day DL (and a minor league player cannot be moved back to the 7-day DL) once he is placed on the 60-day DL, and a player cannot be placed on the 60-day DL or transferred to the 60-day DL from the MLB 15-day DL (or minor league 7-day DL) unless his club's Reserve List is full.

For a player who is transferred from the MLB 15-day DL to the MLB 60-day DL (or from a minor league club's 7-day DL to the minor league club's 60-day DL), time spent on the MLB 15-day DL (or minor league 7-day DL) prior to being transferred counts toward the minimum 60 days a player must spend on the Emergency Disabled List.

Any player on an MLB 60-day DL who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the DL no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the conclusion of the World Series, and all other players on an MLB 60-day DL must be reinstated to the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day following the conclusion of the World Series, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the DL. All players on a minor league 60-day DL must be reinstated to the minor league club's Reserve List no later than the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the DL.

In most cases a player on a disabled list can be traded, even if the player is not eligible to be reinstated and/or healthy enough to play. The one exception is if Trade Assignment Waivers must be secured before the player can be traded. In that case (only), the player must be eligible to be reinstated from the Disabled List AND healthy enough to play before the player can be placed on waivers. Otherwise the disabled player would have to remain a "Player to Be Named Later" until the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

If a player on a disabled list is traded, the player can be transferred directly from his former club's 7-day, 15-day, or 60-day DL to the corresponding DL of his new club. Time spent on a 7-day, 15-day, or 60-day DL prior to the trade counts toward the minimum number of days required before the player is eligible to be reinstated.  

If a player on an MLB 60-day DL is claimed off waivers after conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player can be transferred directly to the 60-day DL of his new club. 



 

Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment

With the player's consent, a player on the MLB 7-day DL may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to five days (or maximum eight days for a pitcher), and a player on the MLB 15-day or 60-day DL may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to 20 days (or maximum 30 days for a pitcher).

A player on a minor league "rehab" assignment continues to accrue MLB service time, and does not count against a minor league club's Active Roster.

A player on a minor league 7-day or 60-day DL may be assigned to Extended Spring Training for rehabilitation purposes prior to the start of the minor league "short season" in June, or to a "short-season" minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to 20 days (or maximum 30 days for pitchers) after the conclusion of Extended Spring Training.  (If a player on a DL of a minor league club is assigned to a "short season" club for "rehab" purposes, the club to which the player is assigned must be in a league with a lower classification than the player's club). A minor league player on a "rehab" assignment does not count against the Reserve List or Active Roster of the club to which he is assigned. (There is no roster limit at Extended Spring Training).

A maximum of three "rehab" players may be assigned to any one minor league club at the same time, but there is no limit to the number of "rehab" players who may be assigned to Extended Spring Training.

 

Bereavement List

A player can be placed on the Bereavement List when the player leaves his club as the result of an illness or death in his immediate family. 

A player cannot be placed on the Bereavement List to attend the birth of a child.

A player must remain on the Bereavement List for at least three days, but no more than seven days.

The Bereavement List functions just like the 7-day or 15-day DL, in that a player on Bereavement Leave does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Bereavement List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however, 

MLB players on the Bereavement List continue to accrue MLB service time.

Paternity List

A player can be placed on the Paternity List when he leaves his club to attend the birth of his child. 

A player must remain on the Paternity List for at least 24 hours, but no more than 72 hours.

The Paternity List functions like a Disabled List or Bereavement List, in that a player on Paternity Leave does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Paternity List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however.

An MLB player continues to accrue MLB service time while on the list.

Temporarily Inactive List (Minor Leagues Only)

The Temporarily Inactive List is essentially an in-season excused Leave of Absence. Only minor league players (including players on Optional Assignment to the minors) can be placed on this list. 

A player on the Temporarily Inactive List does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against the club's Reserve List. (If a minor league club's Reserve List is full, a player who ordinarily would have been placed on the Temporarily Inactive List can be placed on the Restricted List instead, but placing a player on the Restricted List does require the approval of the MLB Commissioner).

A player cannot be placed on the Temporarily Inactive List any earlier than the start of his club's regular season, the player must remain on the Temporarily Inactive List for at least three days, and a player on the Temporarily Inactive List must be reinstated no later than the conclusion of his club's season.

A player normally is not paid while on the Temporarily Inactive List (club option).

 

 

Voluntary Retired List

A player who submits written notice of retirement while under contract to a club or while under club control can be placed on the Voluntary Retired List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List does not get paid while on the list, does not accrue service time, and does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List must spend at least 60 days of the regular season on the list before he can apply for reinstatement. If the player is placed on the Voluntary Retired List within 60 days of the conclusion of the regular season, the balance of the 60 days would carry-over into the next season.

Restricted List

The Restricted List is essentially an excused but unpaid absence, although a club can pay the player while he is on the Restricted List if the club so chooses.

A player on the Restricted List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and a player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension for violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance does not accrue Service Time while on the Restricted List. (A player who is suspended for violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance is automatically placed on the Restricted List by MLB, and the suspended player does accrue MLB or minor league service time if placed on the Restricted List for this reason).

Besides a suspension related to a violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance, other reasons why a player might be placed on the Restricted List would include an absence due to an illness or death in the family where the absence exceeds the seven-day Bereavement List limit, failing to report to Spring Training, or if a player is serving a prison sentence, or is attending college or pursuing a career in another sport or profession, or if a player from a foreign country is unable to secure a U. S. work visa.

A player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance is not eligible to participate in post-season play (LDS, LCS, and World Series, and/or minor league playoffs) until he has finished serving his suspension and has been reinstated from the Restricted List, and post-season games (LDS, LCS, and World Series, and minor league playoffs) and Spring Training games missed while on the Restricted List do not count toward the number of games required to be missed by the player in order to complete the suspension. 

A player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance may participate in Spring Training, Extended Spring Training, and post-season Instructional Leagues, but a suspended player is not eligible to participate in the Arizona Fall League (AFL).

Prior to being reinstated, an MLB player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance may consent to an assignment to a minor league affiliate of his club for no more than five days (eight days for pitchers) if the player is serving a suspension of 25 games or less, or for no more than ten days (15 days for pitchers) if the player is serving a suspension greater than 25 games.

An MLB player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement Leave or a suspension for violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement Leave or a suspension for violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player on the Restricted List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days of reinstatement or when he is placed on the club's Active List (whichever comes first), or by Opening Day of the following season if the player is reinstated during the off season, but if the player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

 

 

Military List

A player can be placed on the Military List after being called to active duty (this includes foreign players called to active duty with their home country's military).

A player on the Military List does not count against his club's Active Roster or Reserve List, but the player does accrue service time.

A player on the Military List must be reinstated when the player is released from active duty, and must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 15 days after physically reporting to his club.

Suspended List

An MLB player on the Suspended List counts against both his club's Active List (25-man roster) and Reserve List (40-man roster), while a minor league player on the Suspended List counts against his club's Reserve List but does not count against his club's Active List. (A player on an MLB 40-man roster who is placed on the Suspended List while on Optional Assignment to the minors does not count against his club's MLB 25-man roster or the minor league club's Active List).

A player on the Suspended List continues to accrue service time.

NOTE: When an MLB player is placed on the Suspended List, a grievance is usually filed by the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) on behalf of the suspended player because the player does not get paid while on the list. The main instance where it is used is when a player is suspended by the league as the result of an on-field incident, but it can also be initiated by the player's own club in the case of unacceptable behavior (such as a player getting into an altercation with his manager, a teammate, or a fan), or a violation of team rules related to chronic tardiness, possession of alcohol or reporting to work intoxicated, missing a doctor's appointment, et al. The Suspended List is used more liberally in the minor leagues, mainly because minor league players don't have the protection of a union.

Disqualified List

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List if he violates the terms of his contract (usually involving a refusal to render service and/or an unexcused absence).

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List only with the approval of the MLB Commissioner.

A player on the Disqualified List does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through to the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player reinstated from the Disqualified List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated from the Disqualified List during the off-season. 

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

Ineligible List

The MLB Ineligible List is the "capital punishment" of baseball, reserved for individuals who have been indefinitely or permanently banned from baseball, usually related to throwing games, betting on baseball, or consorting with gamblers, but it also could involve something like embezzlement of funds, or a significant drug-related offense, or a hate crime, or some heinous activity.

Individuals are placed on the Ineligible List by the MLB Commissioner, and once placed on the Ineligible List a player must remain on the list for at least one year.

A player on the Ineligible List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player reinstated from the Ineligible List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated from the Ineligible List during the off-season.

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.