MLB Roster Rules Presented by Arizona Phil

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MLB Reserve List (40-Man Roster)

Information on the MLB Reserve List (aka "40-man roster").

MLB Roster Limits

Each MLB club is permitted to reserve no more than 40 players on its MLB Reserve List, which is why the MLB Reserve List is also called the "40-man roster."

Each MLB club is permitted to roster a maximum of 25 players on its MLB Active List (also known as the "25-man roster") beginning on MLB Opening Day up through 11:59 PM (Eastern) on August 31st, and then the Active List roster limit is increased to a maximum of 40 players beginning on September 1st and extending through the last game of the MLB regular season. The Active List maximum roster limit reverts back to 25 players again for post-season play (LDS, LCS, and World Series). If MLB regular season games are scheduled prior to MLB Opening Day (for example, if MLB games are played in Japan, Mexico, Australia, etc), the MLB Commissioner will determine the Active List maximum roster limit for those games.   

Each MLB club is required to roster a minimum of 24 players on its MLB Active List during the MLB regular season (and post-season), but in the event of an unusual or unavoidable circumstance (such as a multi-player trade or multiple trades made at about the same time where several players have been acquired but have not yet arrived), a club's MLB Active List can temporarily go below 24 players, but for no more than 48 hours. (Even though an MLB club could play with a 24-man MLB Active Roster for an entire season -- and save at least $575K in payroll by doing so -- in practice and by convention no MLB club would do that unless all clubs did).

No more than 16 players on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) may be on Optional Assignment at any one time.

A player who is optioned to the minors generally must remain on Optional Assignment for at least ten days. (A player optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first ten days of the MLB regular season). The only exceptions are if the player is recalled as the "26th man" for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed or suspended game from the previous day), or is recalled to replace a player on the 25-man roster who is s placed on an MLB Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity List, or Restricted List (for a player who has been suspended for violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Policy or for a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy), or if the player is traded or is claimed off waivers.

A club can recall a player from a minor league Optional Assignment and place the player on its "Taxi Squad" for one day. If the player is not added to his club's MLB Active List by 3 PM (Eastern) the next day or at least three hours prior to the scheduled start of the next day's game (whichever is later), the player must be removed from the Taxi Squad and returned to his minor league assignment. A player on the Taxi Squad does not count against his club's MLB Active List or the minor league affiliate's active roster, and the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while on the Taxi Squad. The most common reasons to recall a player and place him on the Taxi Squad is when a club is considering whether to place a player on the Injured List (or other MLB inactive list) but has not yet decided, or if a trade is imminent but has not yet been concummated.

Beginning on MLB Opening Day and extending up through August 31st, a club can temporarily add a 26th player to its MLB Active List on any day where two games are scheduled (including a day where the first game is the completion of a suspended game), as long as the second game was not scheduled as the result of a game that was postponed or suspended the previous day. If the postponed or suspended game was from the previous day, a "26th man" can be temporarily added to a club's MLB Active List for the second game only.  

1. The "26th man" must be on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or has to be added to the club's 40-man roster that day.

2. The "26th man" does not have to be a pitcher.

3. In the case of two games being scheduled on the same day where the 26-man Active List limit is in effect for both games, the "26th man" cannot be switched between games.

4. A minor league player can be added to a club's Active List as the "26th man" even if he has not spent ten days on Optional Assignment (or Outright Assignment) prior to being added.

5. A "26th man" can remain on the Active List and a different player can be dropped the next day, as long as the "26th man" was not called up from the minors prior to spending at least ten days on Optional or Outright Assignment. However, a player called up as the "26th man" prior to spending at least ten days on Optional or Outright Assignment could remain on the 25-man roster if the player replaces a player who is placed on the Injured List (or other MLB inactive list) the next day.

6. If a player is recalled as the "26th man" and is optioned or outrighted back to the minors the next day, the "10-day rule" clock (prohibiting a player from being recalled until he has spent at least ten days on Optional or Outright Assignment, unless he is replacing a player who is placed on the Injured List or other MLB inactive list) does not start over again. However many days toward ten that the player spent on Optional or Outright Assignment prior to being recalled as the "26th man" counts toward the ten days.

7. The "26th man" accrues one day of MLB Service Time.

Adding Players to MLB Reserve List

Only players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) can be placed on an MLB Active List (25-man roster).

A free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a Major League contract must be added to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) when he is added to an MLB Active List or when the contract is filed with the MLB Commissioner (whichever comes first). Contracts must be filed with the MLB Commissioner within 20 days of signing.

A club must add a player to its MLB Reserve List immediately if the player is acquired as the result of a waiver claim, or if a player on another club's 40-man roster is acquired in a trade, or if a player is selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft. 
NOTE: A player has up to 72 hours to report after being assigned from one MLB club to another. The player counts against the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) as soon as the trade is filed with the MLB Commissioner, but the player does not count against the club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) until he physically reports to the club and is in uniform. 

A player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the Injured List no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the final game of the World Series, and all other players on an MLB 60-day Injured List must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. A player on a minor league club's Injured List must be reinstated no later than September 30th, even if the player was on the minor league club's 60-day Injured List and did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. 

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is given his Outright Release during the period of time extending from September 1st through March 31st cannot be added back to the MLB 40-man roster of the club that released the player until May 15th, and a player on an MLB 40-man roster who is given his Outright Release during the period of time extending from April 1st through August 31st cannot be added back to the MLB Active List of the club that released the player for at least 30 days.

A player can be placed on his club's Military List within 15 days of the date he is scheduled to report for duty, but only if the player is no longer physically with the club. A player on the Military List must be reinstated within 15 days after being released from service but a player on the Military List can spend up to 15 days on a minor league "conditioning" assignment prior to being reinstated to an MLB or minor league reserve list, and a player who is reinstated from the Military List after the MLB Rule 5 Draft but prior to MLB Opening Day does not count against his club's Reserve List until MLB Opening Day, or up to 15 days after MLB Opening Day if the player is on a minor league "conditioning" assignment during that period of time.   

An MLB player who is on the Ineligible List, the Disqualified List, or the Voluntary Retired List, or on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave or a suspension for violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy,  cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension for a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season). 

A player on the Restricted List must be added back to his club's Reserve List 30 days after reinstatement or when he is placed on the club's Active List (whichever comes first) if the player is reinstated during the period of time beginning on the mandatory Spring Training reporting date and extending through the last day of the regular season or 14 days after reinstatement if the player is reinstated during the off-season, but if the player is assigned to another club while on the Restricted List he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately after reinstatement.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List must spend at least 60 days of the regular season on the list before he can apply for reinstatement. If the player is placed on the Voluntary Retired List within 60 days of the conclusion of the regular season, the balance of the 60 days would carry-over into the next season.

In addition, an MLB club generally has the option to add any player who is on the reserve list of one of its minor league affiliates to its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) at any time. 

The exceptions are:

1. A player on a minor league reserve liist cannot be added to an MLB 40-man roster during the period of time beginning with the filing of MLB and minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday, or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft.

2. A minor league player who was sent outright to the minors cannot be added back to his club's MLB 40-man roster until he has spent at least 10 days on outright assignment, unless the player is selected to be the "26th man" on a day where a doubleheader was scheduled at least 48 hours in advance, or is selected to replace a player on the 25-man roster who is placed on an Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity List, or Restricted List (for a player who has been suspended for violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Policy or for a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy), or if the player is traded.

3. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft who was sent outright to the minors anytime after the previous Rule 5 Draft cannot be added back to his club's MLB 40-man roster during the period of time beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series up through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft.

4. An unsigned minor league player who is eligible to be a Rule 55 minor league free-agent (player was previously released in his career and/or player has spent all or part of at least seven separate seasons on a minor league active list or disabled list) cannot be unilaterally added (by selection) to his club's MLB 40-man roster any later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is canceled). 

5. A player who has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract can be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a Major League contract after July 1st. A player who is "Signed for Future Service" by an MLB club must be placed on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), and cannot play in MLB or in the minor leagues until Opening Day of the following season. (Attendance at a post-season Instructional League and/or participation in Instructional League games do not count). A player on an MLB 40-man roster who is "Signed for Future Service" cannot be sent to the minors by Optional or Outright Assignment any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day (same as a Draft-Excluded Player).
NOTE: Beginning in 2012, players signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft, players signed as Non-Drafted Free-Agents (NDFA) after being eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 4 Draft, and international players subject to the International Signing Bonus Pool rule, cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

Roster Status of Signed & Unsigned Players on MLB Reserve List

After the conclusion of the MLB season, only those players on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who have contracts for the following season are considered "signed players," but the other players on the 40-man roster are still under club control (they are "reserved").

Unsigned players on an MLB club's Reserve List (40-man roster) would include any player who was added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, any player who can have his contract unilaterally renewed by his club, any player who is eligible for salary arbitration, and any player eligible to be an MLB free-agent per Article XX-B of the CBA.

Restrictions on Trading Players

Generally, an MLB club can trade a player on its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and minor league reserve lists at any time. However, there are a few restrictions:

1. Beginning at 4 PM (Eastern) on July 31st (or 4 PM Eastern on Friday July 30th if July 31st falls on a Saturday, or 4 PM Eastern on Monday August 1st if July 31st falls on a Sunday) and extending until 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season, Trade Assignment Waivers must be secured before a player on an MLB 40-man roster (or 60-day DL) can be traded. 

2. Trades (including trades involving minor league players) are not permitted beginning at 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season up through the final game of the MLB regular season (including any make-up or tie-breaker game or games that might be scheduled after the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season).

3. A player who signs after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) or who was eligible for selection in the Rule 4 Draft but was not selected and who signs with an MLB club as a Non-Drafted Free-agent (NDFA) cannot be traded for at least 90 days or until after the conclusion of the World Series (no earlier than 9 AM on the day after the final game of the World Series), whichever comes last.
NOTE: Previously, a player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft could not be traded until the first anniversary of the player signing his first contract.  

4. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, beginning with the filing of MLB & minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) and extending through the completion of the Rule 5 Draft.

5. A player cannot be traded while he is on waivers.

6. A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who has a contractual "no trade" right can waive this right if he so chooses.

PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST WITH CONTRACTUAL "NO-TRADE" RIGHT
: (updated 7-27-2018)
Yu Darvish, RHP (full "no trade" through 2021, then can block trade to 12 clubs TBD post-2021 thru 2022, then "10/5 full no-trade" beginning post-2022)
Cole Hamels, LHP (can block trade to twenty clubs TBD)
Jason Heyward, OF (full "no-trade" thru 2018, then can block trade to 12 clubs TBD post-2018 thru 2020, then "10/5 full no-trade" beginning post-2020) 
Jon Lester, LHP (full "no trade")
Ben Zobrist, INF (full "no trade" through 2018, then can block trade to eight clubs TBD beginning post-2018)

7. A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who has accrued at least ten years of MLB Service Time with at least the last five years of MLB Service Time accrued with the same club (a so-called "10/5" player) has an automatic "no trade" right for as long as he remains with that club. The player can waive this right if he so chooses.

"10/5" PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST: (updated 1-1-2017)
NONE 

8. An Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series has an automatic "no trade" right through June 15th. The player can waive this right, but if he does he can be traded only for cash and/or player contracts with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000. Note that an Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a minor league contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series does NOT receive an automatic "no trade" right, even if the player is later added to the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster).  

POST-2018 ARTICLE XX-B MLB PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST: (updated 2-11-2019)
Brad Brach, RHP 
Daniel Descalso, INF 

9. If a "Player to Be Named Later" (PTBNL) is part of a trade, the PTBNL cannot be on an MLB 25-man roster (MLB Active List) at any time beginning when the trade is executed (filed with the MLB office) up until when the trade is completed. A PTBNL can be a specific player or the PTBNL can be selected from a list of players or a class of players as determined by the clubs when the trade is executed. Beginning in 2015, a player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be a PTBNL in any trade made prior to the conclusion of the World Series. Clubs have six months to agree on a PTBNL, but the clubs can agree (when the trade is executed) on a deadline that is less than six months. A cash payment (typically $50,000 for trades involving players on the 40-man roster) can be substituted for a PTBNL if no agreement can be reached within six months, but the alternative cash payment must be agreeable to both clubs and stated in writing when the trade is executed. 

10. In most cases a player on an Injured List can be traded, even if the player is not eligible to be reinstated and/or healthy enough to play. The one exception is if Trade Assignment Waivers must be secured before the player can be traded. In that case (only), the player must be eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List AND healthy enough to play before the player can be placed on waivers. Otherwise the player would have to remain a "Player to Be Named Later" until either the player is eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List AND healthy enough to play such that Trade Assignment Waivers can be secured, or until the conclusion of the MLB regular season (if Trade Assignment Waivers are not secured).

MLB Service Time

An MLB regular season (AKA "championship season") must be at least 178 days but no more than 183 days in length, but 172 days constitutes a "full" MLB regular season for purposes of calculating MLB Service Time.
NOTE: Beginning in 2018, the MLB regular season will be extended to at least 182 days but no more than 187 days (186 days in 2019) so as to accommodate more off days during the course of the season.

1. A player cannot get credit for more than 172 days of MLB Service Time in any one MLB championship season (MLB regular season).

2. MLB Service Time is counted beginning on MLB Opening Day up through the last day of the MLB regular season (including any day a make-up game for a postponed game and/or a tie-breaker game is scheduled after the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season).

3. MLB Service Time can only be accrued during the MLB championship season (MLB regular season). MLB Service Time cannot be accrued during the MLB post-season (Wild Card game, LDS, LCS, and World Series).

4. If an MLB regular season game or games are scheduled during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day), only players on the MLB Active List or on an MLB Injured List or other MLB inactive list of the clubs participating in the games(s) accrue MLB Service Time. This would apply to any MLB regular season game(s) known as "international openers" that may be scheduled in Australia, Japan, Mexico, etc, during Spring Training and prior to MLB Opening Day. Otherwise, MLB Service Time cannot be accrued during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day).

5. A player on an MLB Reserve List accrues a day of MLB Service Time for each day of the MLB regular season spent on an MLB Active List or on an MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 60-day Injured List (including days spent on a Minor League Injury Rehabilitation assignment), Paternity Leave List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Suspended List, or Military List, or on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension for violation of the ban on the use of a prohibited substance or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB domestic violence/child abuse policy.
EXCEPTION: Beginning in December 2016, a player suspended as the result of a violation of the ban on the use of prohibited substances will - NOT - receive credit for MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List unless it's the player's first or second positive test and the length of the suspension is subsequently reduced by at least 20 games by an arbitrator as the result of mitigating circumstances.

6. A player does not accrue MLB Service Time for days spent on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, or Voluntary Retired List, or for days spent on the Restricted List for any reason other than a Prohibited Substance or Domestic Violence suspension.

7. A player traded during the MLB regular season continues to accrue MLB Service Time after being traded but before reporting to his new club.

8. A player who is Designated for Assignment (DFA) accrues MLB Service Time for the entire period of time he is Designated for Assignment during the MLB regular season, but if the player is Designated for Assignment prior to the start of the MLB regular season and the DFA period extends into the MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while he is Designated for Assignment.

9. A player normally does not accrue MLB Service Time for days spent on Optional Assignment to the minor leagues. However, if a player spends less than 20 days on Optional Assignment to the minors during the course of a given MLB regular season, the player gets credit for MLB Service Time for the days spent on Optional Assignment.
EXCEPTION: If a player is optioned to the minors prior to accruing MLB Service Time that season (for example, if the player is optioned to the minors prior to MLB Opening Day) and then is released or sent outright to the minors prior to spending at least 20 days on Optional Assignment and then is not added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) for the balance of that MLB regular season, the time spent on Optional Assignment prior to being released or outrighted does - NOT - count as MLB Service Time.

10. If a player spends at least 20 days on Optional Assignment to the minors in a given MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time for the days spent on Optional Assignment.
NOTE: Days spent on Optional Assignment during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day) do not count toward the 20 days.

11. If a player is optioned to the minors, the player is not credited with a day of MLB Service Time for the day the player is optioned to the minors unless the player is optioned during or after the conclusion of an MLB regular season game played by his club that day. If a player is recalled from a minor league Optional Assignment, the player receives credit for a day of MLB Service Time beginning with the day the player is recalled.

MLB Contracts

Tendering Contracts to Unsigned Players on MLB Reserve List

If an unsigned player on an MLB Reserve List is not tendered a contract by 8 PM (Eastern) on December 2nd (or December 1st if December 2nd falls on a Saturday, or November 30th if December 2nd falls on a Sunday), the player is said to be "Non-Tendered," he is immediately removed from his club's MLB 40-man roster, and he becomes an unrestricted free-agent, free to sign a major league or minor league contract with any club, including the club that non-tendered the player.

A "Non-Tendered" player receives no termination pay, and the player's former club receives no compensation if the player subsequently signs with another club.

Unlike players who receive an outright release, a player who is not tendered a contract is not placed on waivers prior to becoming a free-agent.  

Each unsigned player on an MLB 40-man roster who is tendered a contract must be offered at least the MLB minimum salary ($535K in 2017, $555K in 2018, and $575K in 2019) and (with a couple of exceptions) at least 80% of the player's previous season's salary, and at least 70% of the player's salary from two seasons back.

Some players have a "minor league split" salary in their contract which they are paid if they are sent to the minors. In most cases, a player's minor league "split" salary must be at least 50% of the player's salary (as was actually paid to the player) from the previous season. The one exception is if a free-agent signs a major league contract with a minor league "split" salary, the "50% rule" does not apply. 

The minor league "split" minimum salary is $87,200 in 2017, $88,900 in 2018, and $90,400 in 2019, and the minor league "split" minimum salary for players who are on an MLB Reserve List for the first time is $43,600 in 2017, $44,500 in 2018, and $45,300 in 2019.

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) threshold will pay a 20% tax on the portion of the payroll that exceeded the CBT threshold, a club whose payroll from both the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 30% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the two MLB seasons immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 50% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold.

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $20M will pay an additional surcharge of 12% on the portion of the club's payroll in excess of $20M over the threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will pay an additional surcharge of 42% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the threshold.
NOTE: The surcharge for a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will be 45% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold if the club paid a CBT tax in the both the just-concluded MLB season as well as in the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season.

Performance-Incentive Bonuses

Performance-incentive bonuses are permitted in Major League contracts, but a bonus cannot be based on batting or pitching skill, or where the club finishes in the standings.

A performance-incentive bonus can, however, be tied to days spent on an MLB Active List during the MLB regular season, and/or Games Played, Games Started, Games Finished, and/or Innings Pitched for pitchers, or Games Played, Games Started, and/or Plate Appearances for position players. Awards such as MVP, Cy Young, Silver Slugger, and/or Gold Glove, and/or being named to an All-Star team, can also be tied to an incentive bonus.

Arbitration-Eligible Players

An unsigned player under club control who has accrued at least three but less than six years of MLB Service Time is automatically eligible for salary arbitration.

Also, any unsigned player with at least two years but less than three years of MLB Service Time who accrued at least 86 days of MLB Service Time during the previous season can qualify for salary arbitration as a so-called "Super Two" if the player is among the top 22% in MLB Service Time of players in that group.
NOTE: The "Super Two" cut-off for 2019 (post-2018) is 2+134 MLB Service Time. 

CUBS SALARY ARBITRATION ELIGIBLE PLAYERS POST-2018: (last updated 1-11-2019)
Javier Baez, INF
Kris Bryant, INF
Carl Edwards Jr, RHP ("Super Two")
Kyle Hendricks, RHP 
Mike Montgomery, LHP
Addison Russell, INF
Kyle Schwarber, OF
NOTE: All seven Cubs eligible for salary arbitration post-2018 signed 2019 contracts prior to officialy filing arbitration salary numbers.  

If a club and a player eligible for salary arbitration cannot agree on a contract, the player can request the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) to file for salary arbitration. The MLBPA is responsible for delivering all requests for salary arbitration to the MLB Labor Relations Department (MLB LRD) on the Tuesday immediately prior to the Friday that falls during the week January 10-16. Once salary arbitration has been requested, the player submits his desired salary to the MLBPA, the club submits its salary offer to the MLB LRD, and the MLBPA and MLB LRD exchange the two figures on the Friday that falls during the week January 10-16. The MLBPA and MLB LRD then schedule a hearing with a three-person arbitration panel. Hearings are held on various dates during the first three weeks of February.

The club's offer must be at least the MLB minimum salary, and, in most cases, must be at least 80% of the player's previous year's salary and at least 70% of the player's salary from two seasons back. However, if the player received a raise in excess of 50% by a salary arbitration panel the previous season, a 20% maximum salary reduction from the previous season and a 30% maximum salary reduction from two seasons back does not apply, and the club only has to offer at least the MLB minimum salary.

After arbitration has been requested, the player and the club can continue to negotiate back & forth, and the player can withdraw from the process any time up until the hearing. And in fact this frequently happens, as the player and the club will often agree to just "split the difference" (something the panel cannot do).

If the matter does go to a hearing, the arbitration panel must choose either the club's offer or the player's figure, and win or lose, the player is awarded a standard one-year MLB contract with no "minor league split" salary or incentive/performance bonuses. Also, the contract is not guaranteed, so if the player is released during Spring Training, the club would only owe the player 30 days or 45 days salary as termination pay, depending on when the player is released. (A player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released more than 15 days prior to Opening Day receives 30 days salary as termination pay, a player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released 15 or fewer days prior to Opening Day receives 45 days salary as termination pay, and a player on an MLB Reserve List who is released during the MLB regular season receives 100% of his salary as termination pay). 
NOTE: The Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) is very sensitive about salary arbitration, so if a player is awarded a contract by an arbitration panel and then is subsequently released by his club prior to or during Spring Training, the MLBPA will almost always file a grievance on behalf of the player, claiming the player was released for economic reasons only (which is not permitted), and asking that the released player receive 100% of his salary as termination pay. In that situation, a club would have to show (by submitting official Spring Training game stats) that the released player was out-performed in Spring Training games by another player (or players) competing for that roster spot.

Pre-Arbitration (Auto-Renewal) Players

An unsigned player under club control who does not yet qualify for salary arbitration ultimately has to either accept the club's offer or just not play.

A club will negotiate with the player up to a point, but if the player has not signed a contract for the current season by March 1st, the club has the right to unilaterally dictate the player's salary and renew the player's contract from the previous season (albeit for an amount not less than the MLB minimum salary, and not less than 80% of the player's salary from the previous season and not less than 70% of the player's salary from two season's back). 

These players are the ones who have a "minor league split" salary in their contract, which the player is paid if he is sent to the minors. A player's "minor league split" salary must be at least equal to the 2019 MLB "minor league split" minimum salary and must be at least 50% of the player's salary from the previous season.
NOTE: If a free-agent signs a major league contract with a minor league "split" salary, the "50% rule" does not apply.

CUBS PRE-ARBITRATION (AUTO-RENEWAL) PLAYERS POST-2018 (last updated 2-1-2019)
Albert Almora, Jr, OF
Adbert Alzolay, RHP
David Bote, INF
Victor Caratini, C
Willson Contreras, C
Taylor Davis, C
Oscar de la Cruz, RHP
Ian Happ, IF-OF
Dillon Maples, RHP
Alec Mills, RHP
James Norwood, RHP
Randy Rosario, LHP
Justin Steele, LHP 
Jen-Ho Tseng, RHP
Duane Underwood Jr, RHP
Rowan Wick, RHP
Mark Zagunis, OF

Competitive Balance Tax

The Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) threshold will be $195M in 2017, $197M in 2018, $206M in 2019, $208M in 2020, and $210M in 2021. 

CALCULATING A CLUB'S COMPETITIVE BALANCE TAX (CBT) LIABILITY

For the purpose of calculating a club's CBT liability, a club's MLB payroll consists of the Average Annual Value (AAV) of player salaries and bonuses earned by players on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and MLB 60-day Injured List. 

In addition, MLB Player Benefit Costs (PBC) and the AAV of "legacy salaries" paid to players who are no longer on the club's MLB 40-man roster (such as a player who has been released or outrighted to the minors, or who is being paid a deferred salary after becoming a free-agent) are considered to be part of the club's payroll when calculating the CBT.   

FINANCIAL PENALTIES FOR EXCEEDING COMPETITIVE BALANCE TAX

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 20% tax on the portion of the payroll that exceeded the CBT threshold, a club whose payroll from both the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 30% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the two MLB seasons immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 50% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold. 

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $20M will pay an additional surcharge of 12% on the portion of the club's payroll in excess of $20M over the threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will pay an additional surcharge of 42% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the threshold.
NOTE: The surcharge for a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will be 45% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold if the club paid a CBT tax in the both the just-concluded MLB season as well as in the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season.

Article XX-B MLB Free-Agency

Per Article XX-B of the CBA, any player on an MLB Reserve List who has accrued at least six years of MLB Service Time and who is not signed for the following season becomes a free-agent at 9 AM (Eastern) on the first day after the final game of the World Series.

Service time accrued while on the active roster of a foreign club(s) may be considered when determining Article XX-B and Article XIX-A contractural rights & eligibility.

The player's former club retains exclusive negotiating rights with an Article XX-B player up until 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, after-which the player is free to sign a Major League contract (or minor league contract) with any club, including with the player's former club.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B MLB FREE-AGENTS POST-2019 (last updated 2-14-2019): 
Tony Barnette, RHP (club option - vested foreign player)
Brad Brach, RHP (club option)
Xavier Cedeno, LHP  
Steve Cishek, RHP 
Yu Darvish, RHP (player opt-out option)
Brian Duensing, LHP 
Cole Hamels, LHP 
Jason Heyward, OF (player opt-out option)
Brandon Kintzler, RHP 
Brandon Morrow, RHP (auto-vesting or else club option)
Jose Quintana, LHP (club option) 
Anthony Rizzo, 1B (club option) 
Pedro Strop, RHP  
Ben Zobrist, INF 

An Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series receives automatic "no trade" rights that extend through June 15th of the following season, even if the player re-signs with his former club. An Article XX-B MLB Free-Agent who receives "no trade" rights this way can waive the right, but if he does, his club can trade the player only for player contracts and/or cash with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000. Note that a player who signs a Major League contract after becoming a free-agent by any other means (Outright Release, Non-Tendered, or Article XX-D or MLB Rule 55 minor league free-agent) does NOT receive automatic "no trade" rights through June 15th.

POST-2018 ARTICLE XX-B MLB PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST: (updated 2-11-2019) 
Brad Brach, RHP 
Daniel Descalso, INF  

If an Article XX-B MLB free-agent signs a minor league contract at least ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then is either not released by 12 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day prior to MLB Opening Day or added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or MLB 60-day Disabled List by 12 PM (Eastern) on MLB Opening Day, the player automatically receives a $100,000 retention bonus, and the player can unilaterally opt-out of the minor league contract on June 1st if he has not been added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or an MLB Disabled List by that date.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS SPRING TRAINING 2019: (last updated 1-28-2019) 
Junichi Tazawa, RHP 

Compensation for Loss of Article XX-B Qualified Player

An Article XX-B free-agent is designated a "Qualified Player" if the player spent the entire immediately-preceding MLB regular season on a club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) and/or on one or more of the club's inactive lists (7-day, 10-day, and/or 60-day Injured List, Military List, Paternity Leave List, etc) and/or on the Active List or an inactive list (7-day or 60-day Injured List, Military List, Temporarily Inactive List, etc) of one or more minor league affiliates of that club, and the club offers the player a guaranteed contract (known as a "Qualifying Offer") for the following season. 
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2017 off-season, a player cannot receive more than one Qualifying Offer in his career. 

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B FREE-AGENTS ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE QO POST-2018: (last updated 11-2-2018)
Justin Wilson, LHP (did not receive a QO) 

The Qualifying Offer must include a salary at least equal to the average salary of the 125 highest-paid MLB players from the previous season. The exact amount of the average salary of the 125 highes-paid MLB players from the previous season will be communicated by the MLB Labor Relations Department (LRD) simultaneously to all MLB clubs and the Major League Baseball Player's Association (MLBPA) within ten days after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

2019 QUALIFYING OFFER MINIMUM SALARY: $17.9M

To be valid, a Qualifying Offer must be extended by a club no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series. The LRD then provides the MLBPA with a list of players receiving valid Qualifying Offers and the amount of each offer.

MLB clubs are not permitted to extend a Qualifying Offer to an Article XX-B MLB free-agent if the player has agreed in advance to decline the offer so that the club will obtain a compensatory draft pick once the player signs with another club.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B QUALIFIED PLAYERS POST-2018 (last updated 6-4-2018):
NONE

The Qualified Player has until 5 PM (Eastern) on the 10th day after receiving the offer to decide whether to accept or decline. If the Qualified Player accepts the offer, he is considered "signed" and must be immediately added back to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster). If he declines the offer, the player is free to sign with any MLB club, including his former club.
NOTE: Prior to the post-2017 off-season, a player had seven days to decide whether to accept a QO. 

If a Qualified Player subsequently signs a Major League contract with another (different) MLB club on or before the day prior to the MLB Rule 4 Draft (MLB First-Year Player Draft), the player's former club (the club that lost the Qualified Player) normally will receive a compensatory draft pick in the MLB Rule 4 Draft between the 2nd & 3rd rounds (after Competitive Balance Round "B").
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would receive a compensatory draft pick immediately after the conclusion of the 1st round (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") - IF - the Qualified Player signs a contract worth at least $50M (the club would receive a compensatory draft pick between the 2nd & 3rd rounds and after Competitive Balance Round "B" if the Qualified Player signs a contract worth less than $50M), and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would receive a draft pick between the 4th & 5th rounds.
NOTE: If more than one club receives the same type of compensatory pick, the draft order for the comp picks is the same as it is for all other rounds in that draft (clubs select in inverse order of league standings from the previous season, and in the case of two clubs finishing with the same record the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie, and if the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie).

If a Qualified Player signs a Major League contract with another (different) club on the day of or anytime after the MLB Rule 4 Draft, or if a Qualified Player signs a minor league contract with another (different) club and either remains in the minor leagues or is later added to that club's MLB 40-man roster, the player's new club does NOT forfeit a Rule 4 Draft pick, and the player's former club does NOT receive Rule 4 Draft pick compensation. However, MLB clubs are not permitted to sign a Qualified Player to a minor league contract just to avoid losing a draft pick.

An MLB club that signs a Qualified Player (not including its own Qualified Players) to a Major League contract prior to the Rule 4 Draft deadline forfeits its 2nd highest selection in the next MLB Rule 4 Draft and $500,000 is subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP) for each Qualified Player signed.
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would surrender its 3rd highest selection in the draft but nothing is subtracted from the club's ISBP in the next full ISP, and an MLB club that is a CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would forfeit its 2nd & 5th selection in the draft and have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP for each Qualified Player signed.
NOTE: The Competitive Balance Tax threshold will be $195M in 2017, $197M in 2018, $206M in 2019, $208M in 2020, and $210M in 2021. 

The next highest Rule 4 Draft pick (or draft picks) will be forfeited if a club signs more than one Qualified Player (one draft pick forfeited for each Qualified Player signed).
NOTE: A CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would forfeit its 3rd & 6th highest selections if the club signs a second Qualified Player, its 4th & 7th selections if the club signs a third Qualified Player, and its 8th & 9th highest selections, 10th & 11th highest selections, etc, for additional Qualified Players signed. 

Draft picks subject to forfeiture include the club's own Rule 4 Draft picks, compensatory draft picks awarded to the club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player, and draft picks awarded as the result of the Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Pick lottery (including draft picks that were subsequently acquired in a trade). Competitive Balance draft picks (including Competitive Balance draft picks acquired in a trade) and a compensatory draft pick awarded to a club for failing to sign a pick from a previous Rule 4 Draft are - NOT - subject to forfeiture.
NOTE: Prior to the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks were subject to forfeiture.

A Rule 4 Draft pick forfeited as the result of a club signing a Qualified Player is not transferred to any other club (it just disappears).

A Qualified Player who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series receives automatic "no trade" rights that extend through June 15th of the following season, even if the player re-signs with his former club. A Qualified Player who receives "no trade" rights this way can waive the right, but if he does, his club can trade the player only for player contracts and/or cash with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000.

MLB Rule 5 Draft

The MLB Rule 5 Draft is held on the 2nd Thursday in December and is presently the last order of business at the MLB WINTER MEETINGS. It is a mechanism that allows MLB clubs to select (draft) players off minor league reserve lists.

There is a "Major League Phase" where an MLB club can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs (any minor league classification) for $100,000 ("Major League Phase" Rule 5 Draft price increased from $50,000 to $100,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft), and a "AAA Phase" where a club's AAA minor league affiliate can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a lower classification (below AAA) for $24,000 (Rule 5 "AAA Phase" draft price increased from $12,000 to $24,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft). 
NOTE: Effective December 2016, the "AA Phase" (where a club's AA minor league affiliate could select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a classification below AA for $4,000) has been eliminated.

There is no limit on the number of rounds in each phase (there could be one, there could be three, there could be five or more). As long as at least one club is still selecting players, the phase will continue, but as soon as all 30 teams have a full reserve list (so that clubs can no longer make selections) or have passed, the phase is over.

There is no limit on the number of Rule 5 Draft-eligible players any one organization can lose in a Rule 5 Draft.

Rule 5 Draft order is based upon the inverse order of winning percentages from the previous season. If the winning percentages of two or more clubs are the same, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season picks first. If two or more clubs are still tied, league standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.


RULE 5 DRAFT ELIGIBILITY

1. A minor league player who was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract is eligible for selection starting with the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.

2. If a player signs his first contract after the conclusion of the season of the MLB or minor league club to which he is first assigned (even if he signs prior to the Rule 5 Draft), the next season is considered to be the player's "first qualified season" for Rule 5 eligibility purposes. (Depending on the minor league, the conclusion of a minor league club's season could be as early as the first week of August, or as late as the second week of September).

3. A player eligible to be an MLB Rule 55 minor league free-agent who signs a minor league successor contract prior to being declared a free-agent and a free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a minor league contract prior to the Rule 5 Draft is eligible for selection if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract, or the player was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 4th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract.

4. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has either been released or had his contract voided and then re-signs with the same MLB organization within one year is eligible for selection.

5. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career is eligible for selection.

6. A player on the Voluntary Retired List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List is not eligible for selection.

7. An MLB club can designate any player on a minor league reserve list "eligible for selection" in a Rule 5 Draft even if the player would not normally be eligible, but once a player is designated "eligible for selection," he remains eligible for selection in all subsequent Rule 5 drafts.
NOTE: A club might do this if the club is planning to release the player during the off-season. 

8. A minor league player-manager who would be eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft if he was only a player can be selected, but if he is selected, the player-manager can reject the selection and retire. He has 30 days to decide. If he rejects the selection and opts to retire as a player, the player-manager is ineligible to be reinstated as a player for a minimum of one year.  


CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS ELIGIBLE FOR SELECTION IN 2019 RULE 5 DRAFT (last updated 2-20-2019 )
Jose Albertos, RHP 
Miguel Amaya, C 
Javier Assad, RHP 
Jhonny Bethencourt, INF 
Casey Bloomquist, RHP
Andres Bonalde, LHP  
Craig Brooks, RHP 
Fernando Calderon, RHP 
Jesus Camargo, RHP
Faustino Carrera, LHP 
Bailey Clark, RHP
Alfredo Colorado, RHP
Michael Cruz, C-1B
Yovanny Cuevas, OF 
Zach Davis, OF
Wilfre Delgado, RHP 
Daniel Diaz, C 
Scott Effross, RHP 
Riger Fernandez, LHP
Emilio Ferrebus, RHP 
Wladimir Galindo, 3B-1B
Trent Giambrone, IF-OF
Eric Gonzalez, C 
Fauris Guerrero, RHP 
Tom Hatch, RHP 
Zach Hedges, RHP  
P. J. Higgins, C-INF
Chad Hockin, RHP 
Bryan Hudson, LHP  
Ryan Kellogg, LHP 
Kwangmin Kwon, OF
Conor Lillis-White, LHP 
Rafelin Lorenzo, C 
Vimael Machin, INF 
Brad Markey, RHP 
Eddy Julio Martinez, OF 
Marcus Mastrobuoni, C
Ivan Medina, RHP
Fidel Mejia, INF 
Rafael Mejia, 1B 
Dakota Mekkes, RHP
Tyson Miller, RHP  
M. T. Minacci, RHP
Jordan Minch, LHP 
Kevonte Mitchell, OF
Erling Moreno, RHP
Connor Myers, OF 
Tommy Nance, RHP 
Rafael Narea, INF 
Richard Nunez, C-1B
Pablo Ochoa, LHP
Eugenio Palma, LHP  
Tyler Payne, C
Henrry Pedra, INF
Raymond Pena, C 
Yeiler Peguero, INF
Tyler Peyton, RHP
Gustavo Polanco, C-1B   
Eury Ramos, RHP 
Ruben Reyes, LHP (ex-OF)
Ian Rice, C-1B 
Stephen Ridings, RHP 
Duncan Robinson, RHP 
Abraham Rodriguez, OF-1B  
Manuel Rodriguez, RHP 
Manuel Rondon, LHP
Michael Rucker, RHP 
Carlos Sepulveda, INF
Wyatt Short, LHP 
Zack Short, INF  
Jake Stinnett, RHP
Matt Swarmer, RHP 
Jesus Tejada, RHP 
Franklin Tineo, C-1B
Alexander Vargas, RHP
Jerry Vasto, LHP (Article XX-D player)
Omar Ventura, RHP 
Ryan Williams, RHP 
D. J. Wilson, OF 
Chesny Young, INF
Kevin Zamudio, C-1B 
Delvin Zinn, INF 
 
Additionally, a free-agent who signs a 2020 minor league contract prior to the 2019 Rule 5 Draft or a minor league player who is eligible to be a minor league free-agent post-2020 but who signs a minor league successor contract prior to becoming a free-agent will be eligible for selection in the 2019 Rule 5 Draft if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.

MLB RULE 55 FREE-AGENT POST-2019

SIX-YEAR MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENTS
Cristhian Adames, INF (Article XX-D player) 
Jim Adduci, OF-1B (Article XX-D player)
Tyler Alamo, C-1B
Gioskar Amaya, INF
Luis Aquino, RHP
Francisco Arcia, C (Article XX-D player)
Luis Ayala, OF
Alberto Baldonado, LHP
Yasiel Balaguert, 1B-OF
Christian Bergman, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Wynton Bernard, OF (Article XX-D player)
Corey Black, RHP
Zach Borenstein, OF 
Charcer Burks, OF
Matt Carasiti, RHP 
Jose Cardona, OF 
Roberto Caro, OF
Erick Castillo, C
Ian Clarkin, LHP (Article XX-D player)
Trevor Clifton, RHP
Ryan Court, INF 
Enrique de los Rios, RHP
Phillip Evans, INF (Article XX-D player) 
Johnny Field, OF (Article XX-D player)  
Luke Hagerty, LHP (Article XX-D player) 
Jacob Hannemann, OF (Article XX-D player)
Jesse Hodges, INF
Danny Hultzen, LHP (Article XX-D player)
George Kontos, RHP (Article XIX-A player)
Erick Leal, RHP
Luis Lugo, LHP 
Evan Marzilli, OF 
Jhonny Pereda, C
Chris Pieters, OF-1B
Carlos Ramirez, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
Colin Rea, RHP 
Will Remillard, C 
Jose Rosario, RHP
Rob Scahill, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Allen Webster, RHP 
Mike Zagurski, LHP (Article XX-D player) 
Rob Zastryzny, LHP (Article XX-D player)  

SECOND CONTRACT MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS (see NOTES below):
Robel Garcia, INF (previously released by CLE)
Dalton Geekie, RHP (previously released by ATL)
Julio Guante, RHP (previously released by DET)
Garrett Kelly, RHP (previously released by MIN)
Ryan Lawlor, LHP (previously released by ATL)
Ignacio Otano, INF (previously released by MIL)
Junichi Tazawa, RHP (first contract with BOS expired) - Article XX-B player (has automatic June 1st opt-out) 
NOTE-1: With mutual consent (player & club), a second-contract minor league player who has accrued fewer than seven minor league seasons can be signed to a multi-year minor league contract with club control extending up through the player's seventh minor league season. So it is possible that one or more of the Cubs minor league second contract players are signed beyond the 2019 season (TBD).
NOTE-2: RHP Donato Auguste (previously released by KC), LHP Anderson Parra (previously released by PHI), and C Juan Vasquez (previously released by SD) are second-contract minor league players so any or all of the three might or might not be minor league FA post-2019 (see NOTE-1 above), but they are not eligible for selection in the 2019 Rule 5 Draft if signed beyond 2019.


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


RULE 5 DRAFT RESTRICTIONS:

1. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, starting with the filing of minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) up through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft.

2. A Rule 5 Draft-eligible player cannot be sent outright to the minors beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the third day prior to the Rule 5 Draft through the conclusion of the draft.

3. A club must have as many slots open on its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players it selects in the Major League Phase, and an MLB club's AAA affiliate must have as many slots open on its reserve list prior to the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players the affiliate selects in the AAA Phase. 

4. A club can select a player off the reserve list of one of its own minor league affiliates, but if the player is selected in the Major League Phase, the club is bound by the same Rule 5 roster restrictions as if it had selected the player off the reserve list of another club's minor league affiliate.
NOTE: This actually happened at least once a number of years ago, after a club (Atlanta Braves) inadvertently left one of its top prospects off its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) when minor league reserve lists were submitted to the MLB Commissioner on November 20th.

5. A player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "covered up" from selection, either by agreement between two clubs or by effect (such as by concocting a phony injury and placing the player on an Injured List in an attempt to decrease a player's value when the player is not really injured). Also, a player selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "hidden" on an Injured List to help the drafting club fulfill Rule 5 roster obligations (such as by leaving the player on the Injured List after he is healthy enough to play). If the MLB Commissioner believes a club "covered up" a player to avoid losing the player in the Rule Draft or "hid" a selected player on an Injured List, the offending club or clubs are subject to a penalty (TBD by the MLB Commissioner).

MLB Rule 6: Selected Player & Draft-Excluded Player

MLB RULE 6: SELECTED PLAYER

A "Selected Player" is any player selected in the Major League Phase of the MLB Rule 5 Draft. 

MLB RULE 6 SELECTED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 12-14-2017):
NONE AT THIS TIME

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS SELECTED IN MAJOR LEAGUE PHASE OF 2018 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-13-2018)
NONE 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS SELECTED IN MAJOR LEAGUE PHASE OF 2017 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-14-2017)
Pedro Araujo, RHP (selected by Baltimore Orioles from Cubs AAA Iowa reserve list)
NOTE: Because he spent only 74 days on the Orioles MLB Active List prior to being placed on the DL for the remainder of the season, Araujo must spend 16 days on an MLB active list in 2019 before Selected Player status will be removed. 

1. A Selected Player must be placed on the drafting club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) immediately after selection and must be tendered a major league contract by 5 PM (Eastern) on the day of the draft.

2. A Selected Player can be traded at any time, but the player cannot be Designated for Assignment, released, or sent to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then only if Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured and the player's former club declines to reclaim the player.

3. If a Selected Player spends at least 90 days on an MLB Active List during the MLB regular season following selection, the player ceases to be a "Selected Player" at the conclusion of the MLB regular season. If time spent on an MLB Active List is less than 90 days in the season following selection, the player remains a Rule 6 Selected Player into the next season, and the player continues to be a Selected Player until he has spent 90 days total on an MLB Active List.

4. If a club wishes to send a Selected Player to the minors, the player must be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers, where any of the other 29 MLB clubs can claim the player for the $50,000 Rule 6 waiver price (formerly $25,000), and if claimed off waivers, the player continues to have Rule 6 Selected Player status.

5. If the Selected Player is not claimed off Outright Waivers, the player then must be offered back to the club from which he was drafted, and the player's former club can re-claim the player for $50,000 (formerly $25,000), with the player being automatically outrighted to the Reserve List of the minor league club from which he was drafted. The club from which the player was drafted usually has 72 hours to decide whether to re-claim the player, but it has only 24 hours to decide if the player is eligible to be an Article XX-D or Article XIX-A minor league free-agent if outrighted to the minors (player has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time, qualifies for salary arbitration as a "Super Two" player, and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career). NOTE: A Selected Player with Article XIX-A rights (player has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time) cannot be re-claimed and outrighted back to the minor league club from which he was drafted unless the player consents in advance to the assignment.

6. If a Selected Player is returned (outrighted) to the minor league club from which he was drafted, and if the player has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time, qualifies for salary arbitration as a "Super Two" player, and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career, the player can elect to be an MLB Article XX-D minor league free-agent (or Article XIX-A minor league free-agent if the player has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time) after being outrighted (he has three days to decide), or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer the right to be a minor league free-agent until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. (An outrighted Selected Player with "Super Two" rights who has not previously been outrighted to the minors can elect free-agency if he is outrighted to the minors, but he cannot defer free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season).  

7. If a Selected Player is returned (outrighted) to the minor league club from which he was drafted, the drafting club is responsible for any portion of the player's salary above what the player was paid the previous season.

8. If the club from which the Selected Player was drafted declines to re-claim the player, the player no longer has Rule 6 Selected Player status, the drafting club retains the player, and the player can be sent to the minors or released.

9. A player selected in the AAA Phase of the Rule 5 Draft must be assigned to the Reserve List of the AAA club that drafted the player and he must be given a 15-day trial during Spring Training with that club, but the player can be assigned to the Active List of any minor league affiliate in the MLB club's organization once the minor league regular season commences. Also, unlike players selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft, a player selected in the AAA Phase does not have to be offered back to the club from which he was drafted if the player is ultimately assigned to the Active List of a minor league affiliate below AAA.

PLAYERS SELECTED BY CUBS IN AAA PHASE OF 2018 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-13-2018): 
Luis Lugo, LHP (selected by Cubs for AAA Iowa from Kansas City Royals AA Northwest Arkanas reserve list) 
Rafelin Lorenzo, C (selected by Cubs for AAA Iowa from Pittsburgh Pirates AA Altoona reserve list) 
Alexander Vargas, RHP (selected by Cubs for AAA Iowa from New York Yankees Lo-A Charleston reserve list) 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS SELECTED IN AAA PHASE OF 2018 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-13-2018): 
David Garner, RHP (selected by New York Mets for AAA Syracuse affiliate from AA Tennessee reserve list)
Yapson Gomez, LHP (selected by Cleveland Indians AAA Columbus affiliate from AA Tennessee reserve list)

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

MLB RULE 6: DRAFT -EXCLUDED PLAYER

A "Draft-Excluded Player" is any minor league player who has accrued less than three years of MLB Service Time and who is eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 5 Draft, whose contract is selected, and who is added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) between August 15th and the Rule 5 Draft.

1. A Draft-Excluded Player can be non-tendered on 12/2, released, or traded at any time, but he cannot be sent to the minors by Optional Assignment beginning with the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.

2. A Draft-Excluded Player can be sent outright to the minors only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested no later than 2 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day following the final game of the World Series, and if a Draft-Excluded Player is not outrighted to the minors prior to the Rule 5 Draft, the player cannot be Designated for Assignment or sent outright to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

CUBS WITH POST-2018 RULE 6 DRAFT-EXCLUDED STATUS: (last updated 11-30-2018)
Taylor Davis, C-1B
Justin Steele, LHP 
Rowan Wick, RHP 

MLB Disaster Plan (Restocking Draft)

In the event that an incident occurs where at least five players from the same MLB club are killed, dismembered, and/or permanently disabled, MLB has a "Rehabilitation Plan" in place under Rule 29 that includes financial support and a "Restocking Draft" for the stricken club (known as the "Disabled Club"). The plan has existed in basically the same form since 1965, so the method for allocating talent to the affected team essentially follows the mechanism used to distribute players to MLB expansion teams in 1960-61.

Under this plan, after a reasonable period of mourning, and presuming that the MLB Commissioner, the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), and the other 29 clubs jointly agree that the Disabled Club's season should continue, each of the other 29 clubs will be required to contribute five players from its MLB Active List (25-man roster) into the Restocking Draft pool, including one pitcher, one infielder, one outfielder, and one catcher (but only if the club has at least three catchers on its MLB 25-man roster), plus one additional player regardless of position (or two additional players regardless of position if the club does not have three catchers on its 25-man roster).

If the incident occurs during the off-season or during Spring Training, each of the other 29 clubs will be required to contribute five players from its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) into the Restocking Draft pool, including one pitcher, one infielder, one outfielder, and one catcher (but only if the club has at least three catchers on its MLB 40-man roster), plus one additional player regardless of position (or two additional players regardless of position if the club does not have three catchers on its MLB 40-man roster).

The five players made available by each club must include as many players with a minimum of 60 days (0+060) of MLB Service Time as of the previous August 31st as were lost in the disaster. 

From the Restocking Draft pool, the Disabled Club will be permitted to select replacements for the players lost in the disaster.

1. The number of players selected by the Disabled Club must match the number of players lost in the disaster;

2. No club can lose more than one player;

3. Any player with a "no trade" right is exempt from inclusion in the pool unless the player waives his "no trade" right in advance;

4. A player on an Injured List cannot be included in the pool unless the player is eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and the player's club certifies that the player is healthy enough to play if selected.

In addition to the Restocking Draft and financial support, various other considerations may be temporarily extended to the Disabled Club by the MLB Commissioner (with consent of the MLBPA), including additional selections in the MLB Rule 4 and Rule 5 drafts, a higher waiver-claim priority for a given period of time, and/or a modification to the post-season roster eligibility deadline.

Minor League Options

Normally, a player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man Roster) is allotted three minor league option years. This means the player can be sent to the minors and be available 24/7 for recall back to the major league club whenever the player might be needed during the course of three different seasons.

If a player spends 20 or more days of an MLB regular season on Optional Assignment to the minors, an option year is expended and the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment. If a player spends 19 or fewer days of an MLB regular season on Optional Assignment, an option year is NOT expended and the player does accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment.

After three minor league option years have been spent, the player is said to be "out of options" and the only way the club can send the player to the minors is by removing the player from the 40-man roster and sending him "outright" to the minors. And the club can do this only after first securing Outright Assignment Waivers (which are irrevocable) from the other 29 MLB clubs.

Recalled - Not to Report

Before a player on Optional Assignment to the minors can be traded or Designated for Assignment, he must be recalled from his minor league assignment ("Recalled - Not to Report").

If a player who was "Recalled - Not to Report" is claimed off waivers after being Designated for Assignment and either the waivers are irrevocable (Outright Assignment Waivers) or the player's club elects not to withdraw a revocable waiver request, the player is assigned to the claiming club.

A player who is acquired off waivers after being "Recalled - Not to Report" and who is subsequently optioned to the minors by his new club must remain on Optional Assignment for a minimum of ten days, unless he is recalled to replace a player on his club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) who is placed on an MLB Inactive List (Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity List, etc), or the player is recalled as a "26th Man" for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed or suspended game from the previous day), or the player is traded. However, if a player is traded after being "Recalled - Not to Report" and then is optioned to the minors by his new club within 24 hours after the trade, the player can be recalled (without any restriction) prior to spending ten days on optional assignment to the minors.

A player who is "Recalled - Not to Report" for the purpose of being Designated for Assignment accrues MLB Service Time equal to the number of days he is on the Designated List prior to being traded, released, non-tendered, or sent outright to the minors.

Fourth Minor League Option

Most players get only three minor league options, but a player who has accrued less than five "full seasons" is eligible for a 4th minor league option.

For the purpose of determining eligibility for a 4th minor league option, a player accrues a "full season" when he spends at least 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs in a given season, or (in seasons prior to 2012) spends at least 60 days but less than 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs followed by an Injured List assignment where the combined time spent on the Active List and the Injured List equals at least 90 days or (beginning with the 2012 season) spends at least 30 days but less than 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs followed by an Injured List assignment where the combined time spent on the Active List and the Injured List equals at least 90 days.   

If a player qualifies for a 4th minor league option year, the 4th option is available during Spring Training and for the entire MLB regular season. 

CUBS ELIGIBLE FOR 4TH MINOR LEAGUE OPTION: (updated 10-2-2018)
Oscar de la Cruz, RHP (in 2021)
Alec Mills, RHP (in 2019)
Randy Rosario, LHP (in 2019)

Restrictions on Optioning Players to the Minors

GENERAL RESTRICTIONS:

1. No player may be optioned to a minor league club whose regular season (including post-season playoffs) has concluded.

2. No player may be optioned to the minors prior to the start of Spring Training.

3. An injured player cannot be optioned to the minors.

4. A player who is optioned to the minors generally must remain on Optional Assignment for at least ten days. (A player optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first ten days of the MLB regular season). The only exceptions are if the player is recalled as the "26th man" for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed or suspended game from the previous day), or is recalled to replace a player on the MLB Active List (25-man roster) who is placed on an MLB Inactive List (Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity List, Restricted List, etc), or if the player is traded or claimed off waivers.
NOTE: If a player is acquired in a trade and is optioned to the minors by his new club within 24 hours, the player can be recalled from the Optional Assignment at any time without restriction, but if a player on Optional Assignment to the minors is claimed off waivers and is then optioned to the minors by his new club, the ten-day limit does apply. So as far as the ten-day limit is concerned, there is a distinction made between acquiring a player in a trade and claiming a player off waivers.   

5. All players on Optional Assignment to the minors must be recalled no later than the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season.


OTHER RESTRICTIONS:

6. A Rule 6 "Selected Player" cannot be optioned to the minors until restrictions have been removed.

RULE 6 SELECTED PLAYERS WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (updated 3-28-2017):
NONE AT THIS TIME

7. Beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, a Rule 6 "Draft-Excluded Player" cannot be optioned to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.

RULE 6 DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYERS WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (updated 11-20-2018)
Taylor Davis, C-1B 
Allen Webster, RHP 
Rowan Wick, RHP 

8. Per Article XIX-A of the CBA, any player on an MLB 40-man roster who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (as well as an international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to refuse an Optional Assignment to the minors, or the player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being optioned (he has two days to decide).

If a player eligible to elect free-agency is optioned and elects to be a free-agent immediately, his contract is terminated and he receives no termination pay.

If a player with Article XIX-A rights refuses an Optional Assignment but does not elect free-agency, the club must either retain the player on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) AND Active List (25-man roster), trade the player, or give the player his Outright Release.

A player with Article XIX-A rights can waive his right to refuse an Optional Assignment in advance, but the waiver cannot be signed more than ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, the player has the right to designate in advance which minor league team to which he can be assigned, and the waiver automatically expires if the player is not optioned to the minors within 45 days or by the 45th day of the MLB regular season (whichever is later).

CUBS ARTICLE XIX-A PLAYERS WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (last updated 2-1-2019): 
Tony Barnette, RHP (vested foreign player) 
Steve Cishek, RHP
Yu Darvish, RHP
Daniel Descalso, INF 
Brian Duensing, LHP
Cole Hamels, LHP
Jason Heyward, OF
Brandon Kintzler, RHP
Jon Lester, LHP
Brandon Morrow, RHP 
Jose Quintana, LHP 
Anthony Rizzo, 1B
Ben Zobrist, IF-OF

Designated for Assignment (DFA)

Sometimes a club needs to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and/or MLB Active List (25-man roster) immediately, but the club has not yet decided the final disposition of the player and/or assignment waivers have not yet been secured. In this case, a player can be Designated for Assignment (DFA).

DESIGNATED FOR ASSIGNMENT BY CUBS (last updated 9-3-2018):
NONE 

1. When a player is Designated for Assignment, the "Designated Player" is removed from his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and MLB Active List (25-man roster), and then the club has up to seven days (formerly ten days) to either trade, release, or non-tender the player, or option or outright the player to the minors.

2. A Rule 6 Selected Player cannot be Designated for Assignment during the period of time between the conclusion of the MLB Rule 5 Draft and 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.

3. A player on Optional Assignment to the minors must be "Recalled - Not to Report" before he can be Designated for Assignment.

4. A player continues to be paid (at the "Major League rate" for players with "split" contracts) while he is Designated for Assignment.

5. A player who is Designated for Assignment (DFA) accrues MLB Service Time for the entire period of time he is Designated for Assignment during the MLB regular season, but if the player is Designated for Assignment prior to the start of the MLB regular season and the DFA period extends into the MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while he is Designated for Assignment.

6. A player can be Designated for Assignment and then subsequently returned to the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and optioned to the minors as long as the player is not replaced on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) by another player after the player is Designated for Assignment.

7. A player acquired off waivers can be optioned to the minors by his new club (as long as the player has a minor league option available, unless the player has the right to refuse an optional assignment and does not give his consent) can be placed onto Outright Assignment Waivers and be outrighted to the minors if he is not claimed (unless he has the right to refuse an Outright Assignment and does not give his consent), but if a club acquires a player off waivers and the claiming club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) is full so that the club needs to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List in order to open a spot on its 40-man roster for the newly-acquired player, or the claiming club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) is full so that the club needs to remove a player from its MLB Active List in order to open a spot on its 25-man roster for the newly-acquired player, the player who was claimed off waivers cannot be Designated for Assignment to alleviate the roster logjam.

8. A player acquired off waivers cannot be Designated for Assignment for at least 48 hours after the club is awarded the waiver claim or until the player has been on the claiming club's MLB Active List for at least one MLB regular season game (whichever comes first).

Waivers

Waivers must be secured before certain types of transactions can be completed.

There are two types of waivers (release waivers and assignment waivers), and while there is only one type of release waiver (Outright Release), there are two different types of assignment waivers (Trade Assignment and Outright Assignment). NOTE: Optional Assignment Waivers have been eliminated in the 2016-21 CBA.

Each type of waivers has a special set of rules that apply.

MLB WAIVER LIST

The MLB waiver list is transmitted at 2 PM (Eastern) every business day.

Generally speaking, every day is an MLB business day during Spring Training and the MLB Regular Season, but Saturday, Sunday, and national holidays (Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, New Year's Day, and Dr. Martin Luther King's Birthday) are not considered MLB business days during the off-season and over the last weekend of Spring Training (if MLB Opening Day falls on a Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday). So the MLB waiver list is transmitted at 2 PM (Eastern) Monday through Friday ONLY (not including national holidays that fall on a weekday) during the off-season and over the final week of Spring Training. Also, the MLB Commissioner may add additional holidays and non-business days to the MLB off-season (TBA).

If a club requests a waiver prior to the 2 PM (Eastern) deadline, the waiver request is transmitted that day. If the waiver is requested after 2 PM (Eastern), the waiver request will not be transmitted until the next business day. Any of the other 29 MLB clubs can make a claim while the player is on waivers, and then at 1 PM (Eastern) on the second business day after the waivers are requested the MLB office determines if any claims were made, and if so, which club is awarded the claim.

RESTRICTIONS ON MAKING WAIVER CLAIMS

1. A club can place no more than seven players on waivers per day.

2. A player on an Injured List cannot be placed on assignment waivers during Spring Training, and a player on an Injured List cannot be placed on assignment waivers during the MLB regular season until he is both eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and healthy enough to play.

3. Neither assignment waivers nor release waivers can be requested on a player while he is on the Paternity List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Military List, Suspended List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List.

4. Outright Release Waivers (but NOT assignment waivers) may be requested on a player while he is on the Voluntary Retired List.

5. A player can be optioned to the minors while he is on waivers, but a player cannot be traded, sent outright to the minors, or sent on a Minor League Rehab Assignment while he is on waivers. 

6. A player can be on only one type of assignment waiver at any one time, and if a club requests Outright Release waivers while a player is on either Trade Assignment or Outright Assignment waivers, the Outright Release waiver request will automatically void the assignment waiver request.

Waiver Periods

The four MLB waiver periods are:

1. February 16th through the 30th day of the MLB regular season;
2. 31st day of the MLB regular season through July 31st;
3. August 1st through November 10th;
4. November 11th through February 15th.

Awarding Waiver Claims

The procedure for awarding waiver claims is different depending on the type of waivers and the time of the year.

PROCEDURE FOR AWARDING OF WAIVER CLAIMS (TYPE OF WAIVERS):

1. For Outright Assignment Waivers and Outright Release Waivers (but NOT for Trade Assignment Waivers): If a player is claimed by only one club, that club is awarded the claim. If more than one club makes a claim, the club with the lowest winning percentage (regardless of league) either from the previous season (beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through the 30th day of the MLB regular season) or on the day the player clears waivers (beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the last day of the MLB regular season) is awarded the claim. If two clubs with the same winning percentage make a claim, the club in the player's own league is awarded the claim. If two clubs from the same league make a claim and they are tied in the standings, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season is awarded the claim. If the clubs are still tied, standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.

2. For Trade Assignment Waivers (only): If a player is claimed by more than one club, the club in the player's own league with the lowest winning percentage is awarded the claim, even if that club has a higher winning percentage than the club or clubs making a claim from the other league. So a player placed on Trade Assignment Waivers must essentially be "waived out of his own league" before he can be assigned to a club in the other league. But again, this ONLY applies to Trade Assignment Waiver claims. 

PROCEDURE FOR AWARDING OF WAIVER CLAIMS (TIME OF THE YEAR)

1. During the off-season and up through the first 30 days of he MLB regular season, the previous season's MLB standings are used to determine waiver claim priority. 

2. Beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the MLB standings as of the date the player clears waivers are used to determine waiver claim priority, with the previous season's MLB standings only used to break ties.

RESTRICTION ON MAKING WAIVER CLAIMS:

A club is not permitted to make a waiver claim and then trade the player to another club if the purpose or effect of the claim was to prevent a third club from being awarded the waiver claim. (A waiver claim that is judged by the MLB Commissioner to have been made for this purpose will be revoked).

Trade Assignment Waivers

The deadline for "non-waiver" (unrestricted) trades is 4 PM (Eastern) on July 31st, or 4 PM (Eastern) on Friday July 30th if July 31st falls on a Saturday. or 4 PM (Eastern) on Monday August 1st if July 31st falls on a Sunday.

Beginning with the new waiver period that commences on August 1st and extending until 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season, Trade Assignment Waivers must be secured before a player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) can be traded. Waivers are never required to trade a player on a minor league reserve list.  

Trade Assignment Waivers cannot be requested after 2 PM (Eastern) on the 10th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

Trade Assignment Waivers automatically expire at 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season.
NOTE: Neither MLB nor minor league players can be traded over the final seven days of the MLB regular season. 

If a player is placed on Trade Assignment Waivers and is not claimed, waivers are said to be "secured" and the player can be traded to any MLB club at any time, just like prior to the non-waiver trade deadline.

Trade Assignment Waivers are revocable the first time they are requested on a given player in a waiver period, so if a player is claimed, the player's club has the option to either withdraw the waiver request and retain the player, or allow the waiver claim to stand. The player's club has 48-1/2 hours to make this decision, and during this "window" the club has the right to trade the player to the claiming club (but ONLY to the claiming club). If the player is not traded to the claiming club before the window closes, and the player's club chooses not to withdraw the waiver request, the player is automatically assigned to the claiming club for the $50,000 (formerly $20,000) waiver price and the claiming club assumes 100% of the player's contract. (A player with a "no trade" right can refuse both a waiver claim and a trade assignment, however).

If a player is claimed but not traded and the waiver request is subsequently withdrawn, the player cannot be placed on Trade Assignment Waivers again BY THAT CLUB for at least 30 days from the date the waiver request is withdrawn, and if the player is placed on Trade Assignment Waivers again BY THE SAME CLUB before the end of the season, the waivers become irrevocable and cannot be withdrawn.
NOTE: If a player is claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers after a Trade Assignment Waiver request has been withdrawn, the player's new club can place the player on Trade Assignment Waivers. 

A player who has a "no trade" right (full or partial) cannot be placed on Trade Assignment Waivers a second time before the end of the season unless the player first waives his "no trade" right.

Trade Assignment Waivers secured on a player on Optional Assignment to the minors or on an MLB Injured List expire after 72 hours.

If a player on an MLB Injured List is placed on Trade Assignment Waivers, he must be eligible to be reinstated from the Injured and healthy enough to play. If waivers are secured, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List within 72 hours. If the player is claimed and the waiver request is subsequently withdrawn, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List immediately.

Outright Assignment Waivers

If a club wishes to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and send the player to the minors, the club must first secure Outright Assignment Waivers.

For all players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man Roster) other than MLB Rule 6 players (both Selected and Draft-Excluded players) and injured players, Outright Assignment Waivers can generally be requested anytime in a given waiver period, and they are always irrevocable. The waiver price is $50,000 (formerly $20,000). 

Once secured, Outright Assignment Waivers remain in effect for a set period of time:

1. Seven days or until the end of the waiver period (whichever comes first) for Outright Assignment Waivers secured September 1st through the 30th day of the MLB regular season:

2. The entire waiver period for Outright Assignment Waivers secured starting on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through August 31st.

3. 72 hours if the player is on Optional Assignment to the minors or on a Disabled List.

If a player on an MLB or minor league Injured List is placed on Outright Assignment Waivers during the MLB regular season, he must be eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and healthy enough to play. If waivers are secured, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List within 72 hours. If a player on an MLB Injured List is placed on Outright Assignment Waivers after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and waivers are secured, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List within 72 hours.

A player who has a "no trade" right (full or partial) must waive his "no trade" right before he can be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers.

A club does not have to outright a player to the minors after Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured.

If Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured and are in effect, a player cannot be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers again until the final two days of the waiver period.

Right to Refuse Outright Assignment or Elect Free-Agency if Outrighted

Per Article XIX-A of the CBA, any player on an MLB 40-man roster who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (as well as an international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to refuse an Outright Assignment to the minors, or the player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being outrighted, or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

However, an Article XIX-A player who accepts an Outright Assignment and defers his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season forfeits his right to elect free-agency (as an Article XIX-A minor league free-agent) if he is added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

If a player with Article XIX-A rights refuses an Outright Assignment but does not elect free-agency, the club must either retain the player on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), trade the player, or give the player his unconditional release.

If a player with Article XIX-A rights is outrighted and elects to be a free-agent immediately, his contract is terminated and he receives no termination pay. But if the player accepts the Outright Assignment and defers his right to be a free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player continues to get paid, receiving the balance of his salary through to the end of the season. And then if the outrighted player is not subsequently added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player can elect free-agency anytime beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through October 15th.

A player with Article XIX-A rights can waive his right to refuse an outright assignment or elect free-agency if outrighted, but the waiver cannot be signed more than ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, the player has the right to designate in advance which minor league team to which he can be assigned, and the waiver automatically expires if the player is not outrighted to the minors within 45 days or by the 45th day of the MLB regular season (whichever is later).

CUBS ARTICLE XIX-A PLAYERS (last updated 2-14-2018):
Tony Barnette, RHP (vested foreign player)
Brad Brach, RHP 
Xavier Cedeno, LHP 
Tyler Chatwood, RHP
Steve Cishek, RHP
Yu Darvish, RHP
Daniel Descalso, INF 
Brian Duensing, LHP
Cole Hamels, LHP
Jason Heyward, OF
Brandon Kintzler, RHP
Jon Lester, LHP
Brandon Morrow, RHP
Jose Quintana, LHP
Anthony Rizzo, 1B
Pedro Strop, RHP
Ben Zobrist, IF-OF

Per Article XX-D of the CBA, a player on an MLB 40-man roster who has been outrighted previously in his career and/or who has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time can elect to be a free-agent if he is sent outright to the minors. (An international player with Article XX-D contractual rights also has the right to elect free-agency if outrighted). The outrighted Article XX-D player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being outrighted, or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. However, a player eligible to be a free-agent if outrighted who accepts an Outright Assignment and defers his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season forfeits his right to elect free-agency (as an Article XX-D minor league free-agent) if he is added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-D PLAYERS (updated 2-1-2019):
Javier Baez, INF
Kris Bryant, INF
Kendall Graveman, RHP 
Kyle Hendricks, RHP
Mike Montgomery, LHP
Addison Russell, INF
Kyle Ryan, LHP 
Kyle Schwarber, OF
Rowan Wick, RHP

If a player eligible to be a free-agent if outrighted elects to be a free-agent immediately, his contract is terminated and he receives no termination pay. But if the Article XX-D player accepts the Outright Assignment and defers his right to be a free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player continues to get paid, receiving the balance of his salary through to the end of the season. And then if the outrighted Article XX-D player is not subsequently added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player can elect free-agency anytime beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through October 15th.

A player who has not previously been outrighted to the minors or who has not yet accrued three years of MLB Service Time but who qualified as a "Super Two" player after the conclusion of the previous MLB regular season can elect free-agency if he is outrighted to the minors, but an outrighted "Super Two" player cannot defer free-agency until the conclusion of the MLB regular season. To become a free-agent, the outrighted "Super Two" player must elect free-agency immediately.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-D "SUPER TWO" PLAYERS (updated 11-30-2018):
Carl Edwards Jr, RHP

Once an outrighted player eligible to elect free-agency becomes a free-agent, the player can sign a major league or minor league contract with any club, including the player's previous club.

The club must advise an Article XIX-A or Article XX-D player in writing when it has decided to outright the player to the minors. (The club can notify the player up to eight days in advance of the assignment during the off-season or if the player is out of minor league options, and up to four days in advance if the assignment is contemplated during Spring Training or during the MLB regular season). Once notified, the player must make his decision whether to accept or decline the assignment within three days if he is outrighted during the off-season, or within two days if he is outrighted during Spring Training or during the MLB regular season.

Restrictions on Outrighting Players

1. A player cannot be sent outright to the minors beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the third day prior to the Rule 5 Draft through the conclusion of the draft.

2. A Rule 6 "Selected Player" cannot be outrighted to the minors until restrictions have been removed, and then no earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

MLB RULE 6 SELECTED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 3-28-2018):
NONE

3. A Rule 6 "Draft-Excluded Player" can be outrighted to the minors only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested no later than 2 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, and if a "Draft-Excluded Player" is not outrighted to the minors prior to the Rule 5 Draft, the player cannot be sent to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season (same as a Rule 5 player).

MLB RULE 6 DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 11-30-2018): 
Taylor Davis, C-1B
Justin Steele, LHP
Rowan Wick, RHP 

4. An unsigned player who is not eligible to be an Article XIX-A or Article XX-D minor league free-agent if outrighted but who would have been an MLB Rule 55 minor league free-agent (either a Six-Year FA or Second-Contract FA) if the player had been on a minor league reserve list cannot be outrighted to the minors after 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is canceled) unless and until either the player signs a Major League contract for the following season, has his previous season's contract automatically renewed by the club on March 1st, or agrees (in advance) to sign a minor league contract for the following season (if the Outright Assignment is contemplated prior to a Major League contract being tendered).

UNSIGNED RULE 55-ELIGIBLE PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 10-25-2018): 
David Bote, INF 
Willson Contreras, C 
Dillon Maples, RHP 
Alec Mills, RHP
Randy Rosario, LHP 
Duane Underwood Jr, RHP

5. If a player accrues at least one day of MLB Service Time in a season and then is outrighted to the minors prior to being tendered a Major League contract for the following season, the player's minor league monthly salary for the following season must be at least 80% of his final monthly salary from the previous season.

Outrighting an Injured Player

1. An injured player cannot be outrighted to the minors during the MLB regular season. 

2. Most injured players can be outrighted to the minors during a period of time beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until reserve lists are filed in November, but an injured "Rule 5 Player" can be outrighted during this period only after Rule 5 restrictions have been removed, and an injured "Draft-Excluded Player" can be outrighted during this period only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested by 2 PM (Eastern) on the 4th day after the final game of the World Series.  

3. An injured player who has accrued less than three years of MLB Service Time in his career and who did not accrue any MLB Service Time the previous season, has not previously been outrighted to the minors, and who was not selected in the immediately-preceding Rule 5 Draft, can be outrighted to the minors during a period of time beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until the 15th day prior to the start of the next MLB regular season. 

CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED TIL 15TH DAY PRIOR TO 2019 MLB OPENING DAY (last updated 2-1-2019):
Adbert Alzolay, RHP 
Oscar de la Cruz, RHP

4. An injured MLB Rule 55-eligible player who otherwise would qualify to be outrighted during the off-season and Spring Training can be outrighted only after he has either signed a Major League contract for the upcoming season or had his previous season's contract renewed by the club, or agrees (in advance) to sign a minor league contract for the upcoming season (if the Outright Assignment is contemplated prior to a Major League contract being tendered).

MLB RULE 55-ELIGIBLE PLAYER - CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED ONLY IF CONTRACT RESTRICTIONS MET
(last updated 3-1-2018):
NONE

5. An injured player with Draft Excluded Status who otherwise would qualify to be outrighted during the off-season and Spring Training can be outrighted only during a five-day window starting on the 20th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season up until the 15th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYER - CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED ONLY DURING FIVE-DAY WINDOW IN MARCH (last updated 11-20-2018):
Justin Steele, LHP

Outright Release Waivers

Outright Release Waivers are irrevocable and cannot be withdrawn once they are requested.

While a player claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers costs $50,000 (formerly $20,000), a club can claim a player off Outright Release Waivers for the minuscule sum of $1. However, a club that claims a player off Release Waivers is responsible for paying 100% of the player's remaining salary, whereas if the same club waits until the player clears Release Waivers, the club can sign the player for the MLB minimum salary (or prorated portion of the MLB minimum salary), with the player's former club responsible for the balance.

A player who is claimed off Outright Release Waivers has the option to decline the assignment and become a free-agent (he has up to five days to decide). For most players, refusing an Outright Release waiver claim means the player's contract is terminated with no severance and his former club owes him nothing (same as an Article XX-D minor league FA who refuses an Outright Assignment), but for a player with "no trade" rights who refuses an Outright Release waiver claim, the player is owed his full salary for the balance of the contract, same as if he had not been claimed.

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is released during the period of time extending from April 1st through August 31st cannot be added back to the MLB Active List of the club that released the player for at least 30 days - UNLESS - the MLB Reserve List of the club that released the player has at least one open slot during the period of time beginning when the player is released and extending up until the released player is added back to the club's Reserve List, and a player on an MLB 40-man roster who is released anytime during the period of time extending from September 1st through March 31st cannot be added back to the MLB 40-man roster (or MLB 25-man Active List) of the club that released the player until May 15th. 
NOTE:: While an unsigned player under club control who is not tendered a contract for the next season ("non-tendered") on December 2nd (or on December 1st if 12/2 falls on a Saturday or on November 30th if 12/2 falls on a Sunday) becomes a free-agent, it is not considered the same thing as an Outright Release, so a club can re-sign a non-tendered player to a Major League contract (or minor league contract) without any restrictions anytime after the player is non-tendered. Thus, December 2nd (or December 1st or November 30th in certain years) is a sort of roster "island oasis" in the middle of the off-season where a club can drop a player from its MLB Reserve List (including injured players) without having to worry about waivers or restrictions on off-season outright assignments or Outright Release.

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released more than 15 days prior to Opening Day receives 30 days salary as termination pay (paid at the "minor league rate" if the player is signed to a "split contract"), and a player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released 15 or fewer days prior to Opening Day receives 45 days salary as termination pay (all players paid at the "Major League rate").

A player on an MLB Reserve List who is released during the MLB regular season receives 100% of his salary as termination pay (paid at the "minor league rate" for players on Optional Assignment to the minors).

An unsigned player on an MLB Reserve List released during the off-season receives no termination pay.

A Rule 6 Selected Player (a player who was selected in the MLB Rule 5 Draft) cannot be released until restrictions have been removed, and if Rule 6 restrictions have been removed and the player is released, the player's termination pay is always paid at the "Major League rate" as long as he is released prior to being outrighted to the minors.

Outright Release Waivers cannot be requested on a player while he is on the Bereavement List, Military List, Suspended List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List. 

A club cannot option a player signed to a "split contract" to the minors if the purpose of the assignment is to release the player and avoid paying termination pay at the "Major League rate."

A player is automatically & immediately removed from his club's Reserve List (40-man roster) and Active List when placed on Outright Release Waivers.

MLB Inactive Lists

There are a number of inactive lists used by MLB clubs. 

Injured Lists

Prior to the 2019 season, the "Injured List" was known as the "Disabled List."  

There are three different types of MLB injured lists: the 7-day Injured List (for players suffering an acute concussion), the 10-day Injured List (formerly the 15-day Disabled List), and the 60-day Injured List (AKA the "Emergency Injured List").

There are two types of minor league injured lists: the 7-day Injured List and the 60-day Injured List.

Only players with a verified injury or illness may be placed on an injured list.

The MLB Commissioner (or the Commissioner's designate) must approve all MLB Injured List assignments.

A "Standard Form of Diagnosis" signed by the club physician must accompany a request to place a player on an MLB Injured List, and a "Standard Form of Diagnosis for Recertification" signed by the club physician must be filed with the MLB Commissioner every ten days for players on the MLB 10-day Injured List and after seven days for players on the MLB 7-day Injured List.
NOTE: A Standard Form of Recertification is NOT required once a player has been placed on or transferred to a club's MLB 60-day Injured List, and a Standard Form of Diagnosis is not required to place a minor league player on a minor league Injured List and a Standard Form of Recertification is not required once a minor league player has been placed on a minor league Injured List.

A "Return to Play" form signed by the club's physician must be submitted to the MLB Commissioner before a player can be reinstated from the MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List.

There is no limit to the number of players who may be on a club's injured list(s) at any one time.

1. An ill or injured player who is placed on the MLB 10-day Injured List or minor league 7-day Injured List, or MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against his club's Reserve List.

2. A player cannot be placed on the MLB 10-day Injured List or MLB 7-day Injured List after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and throughout the post-season, off-season, and Spring Training, and a minor league player can be placed on a minor league club's 7-day Injured List only during his minor league club's regular season.
EXCEPTION: With consent of the MLB Commissioner, a player on an MLB Active List (25-man roster) of a club that is active in the MLB post-season can be placed on the 10-day Injured List or 7-day Injured List during a post-season series.  

3. As long as the player did not appear in a game during the retroactive period (including "official" MLB Cactus League or Grapefruit League games or other MLB pre-season exhibition games), an MLB 10-day Injured List assignment can be backdated up to three days (including the three days prior to MLB Opening Day), and a 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List assignment can be backdated up to four days (including the four days prior to MLB Opening Day).

4. If a player on an MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List is not reinstated after spending ten days on the list, he is automatically transferred to his club's 10-day Injured List.

5. During Spring Training and during the MLB regular season up through August 31st, an injured or ill player can be placed on or transferred to the MLB 60-day Injured List only if his club's reserve list is full, but if a player is placed on or transferred to the MLB 60-day Injured List after August 31st, the club's reserve list must be full - AND - the player must be replaced on his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) by another player.

6. A player on the 60-day Injured List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List. 

7. A player can be transferred from the MLB 7-day or 10-day Injured List to the MLB 60-day Injured List (or minor league 7-day Injured List to minor league 60-day Injured List). However, a player cannot be moved back to the MLB 7-day or 10-day Injured List (and a minor league player cannot be moved back to the 7-day Injured List) once he is placed on or transferred to the 60-day Injured List.

8. A player cannot be placed on the MLB 60-day Injured List after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, and during the post-season and off-season, up until the start of Spring Training (beginning on the date that pitchers & catchers are scheduled to report). A minor league player can be placed on a minor league club's 60-day Injured List only during his minor league club's regular season.

9. For a player who is transferred from the MLB 7-day or 10-day Injured List to the MLB 60-day Injured List (or from a minor league club's 7-day Injured List to the minor league club's 60-day Injured List), time spent on the MLB 7-day or 10-day Injured List (or minor league 7-day Injured List) during the MLB regular season (or during the minor league regular season) prior to being transferred counts toward the minimum 60 days a player must spend on the 60-day Injured List. However, time spent on a minor league 7-day Injured List or minor league 60-day Injured List does NOT count toward the minimum number of days a player must spend on an MLB Injured List if a player is recalled from an optional assignment or has his contract selected and is added to an MLB 40-man roster prior to being reinstated from a minor league injured list.

10. A player who is placed on the MLB 60-day Injured List during Spring Training must spend at least the first 60 days of the MLB regular season on the Injured List (the player cannot be reinstated any earlier than the 61st day of the MLB regular season).

11. A player on an MLB 7-day or 10-day Injured List must be reinstated no later than the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the Injured List no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the final game of the World Series, and all other players on an MLB 60-day Injured List must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the Injured List.

12. A player on a minor league club's Injured List must be reinstated no later than September 30th, even if the player was on the minor league club's 60-day Unjured List and did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. 

In most cases a player on an injured list can be traded, even if the player is not eligible to be reinstated and/or healthy enough to play. The one exception is if Trade Assignment Waivers must be secured before the player can be traded. In that case (only), the player must be eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List AND healthy enough to play before the player can be placed on waivers. Otherwise the player would have to be a "Player to Be Named Later."

If a player on an injured list is traded, the player can be transferred directly from his former club's 7-day, 10-day, or 60-day Injured List to the corresponding Injured List of his new club. Time spent on a 7-day, 10-day, or 60-day Injured List prior to the trade counts toward the minimum number of days required before the player is eligible to be reinstated.

If a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List DL is claimed off waivers after the conclusion of the MLB regular season but prior to the deadline for reinstating players from the 60-day Injured List, the player can be transferred directly to the 60-day Injured List of his new club.

A player accrues one day of MLB Service Time for each day of the MLB regular season spent on an MLB Injured List.

Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment

MLB: Per Article XIX-C of the CBA and with the player's consent, a player on the MLB 10-day or 60-day Injured List may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to 20 days (for position players) and up to 30 days (for pitchers), and a player on an MLB 7-day Injured List (acute concussion) may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes up to five days (for position players) and up to eight days (for pitchers).

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a player who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction surgery (so-called "Tommy John Surgery") may have his Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment renewed for up to 30 additional days (in the form of three ten-day renewals).

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, if a player incurs a new (different) injury or illness or suffers a recurrence of the previous injury or illness while on a Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment, the player must be recalled from his Rehab Assignment and remain inactive for at least five days (for position players) or seven days (for pitchers) before starting another Minor League Rehab Assignment. 

A player on an MLB Injured List who is assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes continues to accrue MLB service time, and does not count against the minor league club's Active Roster.

There is no limit on the number of MLB players who can be on an Article XIX-C Minor League Rehabilitation assignment with the same minor league club at the same time.

MINOR LEAGUES: A player on the 7-day or 60-day Injured List  of a "full-season" minor league club (Lo-A, Hi-A, AA, or AAA) may be assigned to Extended Spring Training for rehabilitation purposes prior to the start of the minor league "short season" in June, and to a "short-season" minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to 20 days (maximum 30 days for pitchers) after the conclusion of Extended Spring Training. 

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a player who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction surgery (so-called "Tommy John Surgery") may have his Rehabilitation Assignment renewed for up to 30 additional days (in the form of three ten-day renewals).

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, if a player incurs a new (different) injury or illness or suffers a recurrence of the previous injury or illness while on a Rehabilitation Assignment, the player must remain inactive for at least five days (for position players) or seven days (for pitchers) before starting another Rehab Assignment. 

A player on an Injured List of a short-season "A" league minor league club can be sent on a Rehabilitation Assignment to a short-season rookie league club.  

A player on an Injured List of a short-season rookie league club (AZL, GCL, and DSL) cannot be sent on a Rehabilitation Assignmment to another minor league club. 

A minor league player on a Rehabilitation Assignment with a "short season" minor league club does not count against the Reserve List or Active Roster of the club to which he is assigned. (There is no roster limit at Extended Spring Training).

A maximum of three minor league players may "rehab" with any one "short season" minor league club at the same time, but there is no limit on the number of minor league players who may "rehab" at Extended Spring Training.

Major League Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List

An MLB player can be placed on the Major League Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List when the player leaves his club as the result of a death or medical emergency in his immediate family (spouse, child, grandchild, parent, grandparent, or sibling).

A player can be placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List any time during the MLB regular season and post-season.  

A player must remain on the Berevement/Family Medical Emergency List for at least three days, but no more than seven days.

A player cannot be placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List to attend the birth of a child (see Major League Paternity Leave List), but a player can be transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List if the childbirth results in a death or medical complication. For players who are transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, time spent on the Paternity Leave List counts toward the maximum number of days permitted to be spent by the player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List.

The Family Medical Emergency List functions just like the 7-day or 10-day Injured List, in that a player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergemcy List does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however,

A player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List continues to accrue MLB service time.

Major League Paternity Leave List

A player can be placed on the Major League Paternity Leave List when he leaves his club to attend the birth of his child. The childbirth must be either imminent or have occurred within the previous 48 hours.

A player can be placed on the Paternity Leave List any time during the MLB regular season and post-season.

A player must remain on the Paternity Leave List for at least 24 hours, but no more than 72 hours.

A player can be transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List if the childbirth results in a death or medical complication. For players who are transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, time spent on the Paternity Leave List counts toward the maximum number of days permitted to be spent by the player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List.

The Paternity Leave List functions like the 7-day or 10-day Injured List, in that a player on the Paternity Leave List does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Paternity Leave List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however.

An MLB player continues to accrue MLB service time while on the list.

Temporarily Inactive List (Minor Leagues Only)

The Temporarily Inactive List is for minor league players only.

It is essentially an in-season excused Leave of Absence, and it is used for Paternity Leave, Bereavement Leave, and Family Medical Emergency Leave, as well as when a player is delayed reporting to a new club, or is attending college, or is incarcerated, or has returned home for personal reasons. Only minor league players (including players on Optional Assignment to the minors) can be placed on this list.

A player on the Temporarily Inactive List does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against the club's Reserve List. (If a minor league club's Reserve List is full, a player who ordinarily would have been placed on the Temporarily Inactive List can be placed on the Restricted List instead, but placing a player on the Restricted List does require the approval of the MLB Commissioner).

A player cannot be placed on the Temporarily Inactive List any earlier than the start of his club's regular season, the player must remain on the Temporarily Inactive List for at least three days, and a player on the Temporarily Inactive List must be reinstated no later than the conclusion of his club's season.

A player normally is not paid while on the Temporarily Inactive List (club option).

Voluntary Retired List

A player who submits written notice of retirement while under contract to a club or while under club control can be placed on the Voluntary Retired List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List does not get paid while on the list, does not accrue service time, and does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List must spend at least 60 days of the regular season on the list before he can apply for reinstatement. If the player is placed on the Voluntary Retired List within 60 days of the conclusion of the regular season, the balance of the 60 days would carry-over into the next season.

Restricted List

The Restricted List is essentially an excused but unpaid absence, although in certain circumstances a club might choose to pay the player while he is on the Restricted List.

If a club requests that a player be placed on the Restricted List, the request must be approved by the MLB Commissioner. 

A player who is suspended for violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (player tested positive for a prohibited substance) or is suspended or granted a leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse Policy is automatically placed on the Restricted List by the MLB Commissioner.

A player placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy is automatically placed on the Restricted List while he is on Administrative Leave. The player is paid and accrues MLB Service Time while on Administative Leave. The MLB Commissioner has up to seven days to complete its investigation and determine if there was a violation, but with consent of the MLBPA, the investigation can be extended seven additional days (14 days total). After the completion of the investigation, the MLB Commissioner can find there was no violation, or find there was a violation and impose discipline in the form of an unpaid suspension (length TBD), or find there was a violation but defer disciplinary action to a later date.  

Besides a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy, other reasons why a player might be placed on the Restricted List would include an absence due to an illness or death in the family where the absence exceeds the Major League Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List seven-day maximum limit, failing to report to Spring Training, or if a player is serving a prison sentence, attending college, or pursuing a career in another sport or profession, or if a player from a foreign country is unable to secure a work visa.

A player on the Restricted List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and a player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy does not accrue MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List. A player who is placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy continues to be paid and will accrue MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List.     
NOTE: Beginning in December 2016, an MLB player suspended as the result of a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program will receive credit for MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List if the player was on an MLB Active List or MLB DL at the time of the suspension, it's the player's first or second positive test, and the length of the suspension is subsequently reduced by at least 20 games by an arbitrator as the result of mitigating circumstances.

A player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or for a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy may consent to participate (without pay) in Extended Spring Training or in a post-season Instructional League, but a suspended player is not eligible to participate in the Arizona Fall League (AFL).

Only regular season games missed while on the Restricted List count toward the number of games required to be missed by the player in order to complete the suspension.

Prior to being reinstated, an MLB player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (without pay) with a minor league affiliate of his club for no more than six days for a suspension of 10-20 games, no more than ten days if suspended 21-30 games, no more than twelve days if suspended 31-50 games, and no more than 15 days for suspensions of more than 50 games. Players receive MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on the road.  

An MLB player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave or a suspension for violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension for a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player on the Restricted List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days after being reinstated or when he is placed on the club's Active List (whichever comes first) if the player is reinstated during the period of time beginning on the mandatory Spring Training reporting date and extending through the last day of the regular season, or within 14 days after reinstatement if the player is reinstated during the off-season, but if the player is assigned to another club while on the Restricted List he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately after reinstatement.

PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESTRICTED LIST
 (updated 10-3-2018):
Oscar de la Cruz, RHP (80-game suspension for violation of MLB-MLBPA JDPT policy 7-6-2018)
Addison Russell, INF (40-game suspension for violation of MLB-MLBPA JDV policy 9-21-2018)

Military List

A player can be placed on the Military List after being called to active duty (this includes foreign players called to active duty with their home country's military).

1. A player on the Military List does not count against his club's Active Roster or Reserve List, but the player does accrue MLB Service Time.

2. A player can be placed on his club's Military List within 15 days of the date he is scheduled to report for duty, but only if the player is no longer physically with the club.

3. A player on the Military List must be reinstated within 15 days after being released from service.

4. A player on the Military List can spend up to 15 days on a minor league "conditioning" assignment prior to being reinstated to an MLB or minor league reserve list. 

5. A player who is reinstated from the Military List after the MLB Rule 5 Draft but prior to MLB Opening Day does not count against his club's Reserve List until MLB Opening Day, or up to 15 days after MLB Opening Day if the player is on a minor league "conditioning" assignment during that period of time.   

Suspended List

The MLB Commissioner may place a player on the MLB Suspended List and a minor league president may place a minor league player on the minor league's Suspended List.

If a club requests that a player be placed on the club's Suspended List, the request must be approved by the MLB Commissioner.

An MLB player or minor league player who is placed on his league's Suspended List counts against his club's Reserve List and Active List, but an MLB player or minor league player who is placed on his club's Suspended List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List.

A player on the Suspended List is not paid while on the list but does continue to accrue MLB or minor league service time.

The main instance where it is used is when a player is suspended by the league as the result of an on-field incident, but it can also be initiated by the player's own club in the case of insubordination, unacceptable behavior (such as a player getting into an altercation with his manager, a teammate, or a fan), or a violation of team rules related to chronic tardiness, possession of alcohol or reporting to work intoxicated, missing a doctor's appointment, etc. The Suspended List is used more liberally in the minor leagues, mainly because minor league players don't have the protection of a union.
NOTE: When an MLB player is placed on the Suspended List, a grievance is usually filed by the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) on behalf of the suspended player because the player does not get paid while on the list.

Disqualified List

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List if he violates the terms of his contract (for example, player signs a contract using a false name and/or DOB, or player signs a contract with another professional baseball team without permission of an MLB club while still under contract with that MLB organization, or player circumvents a drug test, or player refuses to undergo an examination by a physician as directed by the club, or player refuses to render services to the club).

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List only with the approval of the MLB Commissioner.

A player on the Disqualified List does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through to the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player reinstated from the Disqualified List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated from the Disqualified List during the off-season.

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

Ineligible List

The MLB Ineligible List is the "capital punishment" of baseball, reserved for individuals who have been indefinitely or permanently banned from baseball, usually related to "throwing" games, betting on baseball, or consorting with gamblers, but it also could involve something like embezzlement of funds, or a significant drug-related offense, or a hate crime, or some heinous activity.

Individuals are placed on the Ineligible List by the MLB Commissioner, and once placed on the Ineligible List a player must remain on the list for at least one year.

A player on the Ineligible List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season).

A player reinstated from the Ineligible List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated from the Ineligible List during the off-season.

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

Post-Season Roster Eligibility

A club's Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on August 31st.

A club's Active List (25-man roster) must be submitted to the MLB Commissioner prior to the start of the first game of each post-season series (Wild Card game, LDS, LCS, and World Series).

A club's Active List can be changed (tweaked) prior to the start of the first game of each series (WC, LDS, LCS, and WS). 

1. A player who received a suspension for violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (player tested positive for a prohibited substance) prior to the start of Spring Training, during Spring Training, during the regular season, or during a post-season series (Wild Card, LDS, LCS, or World Series), is ineligible to play in any MLB or minor league post-season game(s) or series in that season, even if the player has completed serving the suspension. 

2. Any player on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, Voluntary Retired List, or Restricted List (for any reason other than being placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy or extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave) as of midnight (Eastern) on August 31st or who is placed on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, Voluntary Retired List, or Restricted List anytime after midnight (Eastern) on August 31st is ineligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List that season. 

3. All other players on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, and Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st are automatically placed on a club's Post-Season Eligibility List and are eligible to be included on a post-season series Active List (25-man roster), but a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who otherwise would be eligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List is NOT eligible to be included until the player has spent at least 60 days on the Injured List, and a player on the MLB 60-day Injured List is NOT eligible to play in a post-season series until the player has spent at least 60 days on the Injured List AND the player has been reinstated from the 60-day Injured List.

4. A player on a Post-Season Eligibility List at midnight (Eastern) on August 31st must remain on his club's MLB Reserve List, MLB 60-day Injured List, and/or Military List continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be automatically included on his club's Post-Season Eligibility List. If a player is sent outright to the minors after midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, he is no longer automatically eligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List.

5. A "26th man" (must be a catcher) may (with approval of the MLB Conmissioner) be listed on a club's Active List for the LDS, LCS, or World Series as a replacement for a catcher who is suffering from an acute concussion. The catcher who suffered the concussion would be eligible to return to his club's Active List after seven days (even if it is prior to the conclusion of the series) at which point the "26th man" would be deactivated.

6. A post-season eligible player who is placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List or on the Paternity List during a post-season series can (with approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced by another player on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List (a pitcher must replace a pitcher and a position player must replace a position player, but it is not necessary for a catcher to replace a catcher, an infielder to replace and infielder, or an outfielder to replace an outfielder), as long as the absent player is reinstated after no more than seven days (for a player on the Beareavement/Family Medical Emergency List) or after no more than three days (for a player on the Paternity List). If the series ends before the player is reinstated, he will automatically be reinstated prior to the next series, even if he has not returned to his club. 
NOTE: The absent player is not eligible to be replaced during a series if the player is a pitcher who has started a game in the series unless he has not pitched in a game for at least three days.

7. An injured post-season eligible player can (with the approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced on his club's Post-Season Eligibility List by a player (regardless of position) who was on an Active List, Reserve List, 60-day Injured List, or Military List of a minor league affiliate from that organization prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, or by a player who was on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, or Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st but who was subsequently sent outright to the minors. (In the case of a player who is sent outright to the minors after August 31st, the player must remain on a Reserve List of a minor league affiliate from that organization continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be eligible to replace an injured post-season eligible player).

8. A minor league player who replaces an injured player on the Post-Season Eligibility List must have his contract selected and be placed on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) before he can be placed on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List. If the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) is full, a player must be removed (traded, released, or sent outright to the minors) from the club's MLB Reserve List to make room for the replacement player. 
NOTE: A player cannot be placed on the MLB 60-day Injured List after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, so placing an injured player on the MLB 60-day Injured List during the post-season to make room on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) for a post-season minor league replacement player is not an option.

9. A post-season eligible player who is injured during a post-season series (LDS, LCS, or World Series) can (with the approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced during the series by another player on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List, or by a player who was on an Active List, Reserve List, 60-day Injured List, or Military List of a minor league affiliate from that organization prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, or by a player who was on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, or Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st but who was subsequently sent outright to the minors. (In the case of a player who is sent outright to the minors after August 31st, the player must remain on a Reserve List of a minor league affiliate from that organization continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be eligible to replace an injured post-season eligible player). An injured player replaced during a post-season series is ineligible to be reinstated to his club's Active List (25-man roster) for the balance of that series and the next series (LCS or World Series). Also, a pitcher must replace a pitcher and a position player must replace a position player. However, it is NOT necessary for a catcher to replace a catcher, an infielder to replace an infielder, or an outfielder to replace an outfielder. 
NOTE: If the injured player suffered an acute concussion, the injured player is eligible to be reinstated to his club's Active List after seven days even if the next post-season series is still in progress. 

Amateur & International Talent Acquisition

The variety of ways that organizations can bring in talent domestically or internationally.

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft)

The First-Year Player Draft (or "MLB Rule 4 Draft") is held annually over a three-day period in June (it will take place June 4-6 in 2018).

There are 40 rounds (there were 50 rounds prior to 2012), and draft order is based upon the inverse order of winning percentages from the previous season. If the winning percentages of two or more clubs are the same, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season picks first. If two or more clubs are still tied, league standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.

Competitive Balance Rule 4 Draft picks are slotted in two groups (Competitive Balance Round "A" is slotted after the 1st Round, and Competitive Balance Round "B" is slotted between the 2nd and 3rd rounds). 
NOTE: Beginning with the 2017 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be awarded by lottery. Rather, all clubs who qualify (the ten smallest market clubs and the ten lowest revenue clubs) will receive Competitive Balance draft picks in either Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd round) or in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds), with each club alternating between the two rounds every-other year.

If an Article XX-B Qualified Player subsequently signs a Major League contract with another (different) MLB club prior to the MLB Rule 4 Draft (MLB First-Year Player Draft), the player's former club (the club that lost the Qualified Player) normally will receive a compensatory draft pick in the MLB Rule 4 Draft between the 2nd & 3rd rounds (after Competitive Balance Round "B"). 
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would receive a compensatory draft pick immediately after the conclusion of the 1st round (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") - IF - the Qualified Player signs a contract worth at least $50M (the club would receive a compensatory draft pick between the 2nd & 3rd rounds and after Competitive Balance Round "B" if the Qualified Player signs a contract worth less than $50M), and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would receive a draft pick between the 4th & 5th rounds. 
NOTE: If more than one club receives the same type of compensatory pick, the draft order for the comp picks is the same as it is for all other rounds in that draft (clubs select in inverse order of league standings from the previous season, and in the case of two clubs finishing with the same record the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie, and if If the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie). 

An MLB club that signs an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club forfeits its 2nd highest selection in the next MLB Rule 4 Draft and $500,000 is subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP). 
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would surrender its 3rd highest selection in the draft but nothing is subtracted from the club's ISBP in the next full ISP, and an MLB club that is a CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would forfeit its 2nd & 5th selection in the draft and have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP. 
NOTE: The Competitive Balance Tax threshold will be $195M in 2017, $197M in 2018, $206M in 2019, $208M in 2020, and $210M in 2021.

The next highest Rule 4 Draft pick (or draft picks) will be forfeited if a club signs more than one Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club (one draft pick forfeited for each Qualified Player signed). 
NOTE: A CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would forfeit its 3rd & 6th highest selections if the club signs a second Qualified Player, its 4th & 7th selections if the club signs a third Qualified Player, and its 8th & 9th highest selections, 10th & 11th highest selections, etc, for additional Qualified Players signed. 

Draft picks subject to forfeiture include the club's own Rule 4 Draft picks, compensatory draft picks awarded to the club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player, and draft picks awarded as the result of the Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Pick lottery (including draft picks that were subsequently acquired in a trade). Competitive Balance draft picks (including Competitive Balance draft picks acquired in a trade) and a compensatory draft pick awarded to a club for failing to sign a pick from a previous Rule 4 Draft are - NOT - subject to forfeiture.
NOTE: Prior to the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks were subject to forfeiture.

A Rule 4 Draft pick forfeited as the result of a club signing an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club is not transferred to any other club (it just disappears).

Beginning with the 2018 Rule 4 Draft, any MLB club that had a payroll from the previous season that was $40M or more above the Competitive Balance Tax threshold will have its highest draft selection moved down ten slots, unless its first selection is among the top six picks in the draft, in which case it will have its second-highest draft slot moved down ten slots. (In determining whether a club would forfeit its 1st round draft pick, the six "protected" picks at the top of the 1st round would NOT include any compensation draft pick received by a club for failing to sign a 1st round draft pick from a previous draft -- these compensatory draft picks are already "protected").

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Eligibility

An individual is eligible for selection in the First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) if the person is at least 17 years old, has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract, and is either a resident of a U. S. state or territory or Canada and has been for at least one year, or is not a resident but was enrolled in a high school (known as "secondary school" in Canada) or college in a U. S. state or territory or Canada within the previous year, and...

1. Player has graduated from high school and has received a diploma (if the player graduates early from high school and receives a diploma prior to turning 17, the player is eligible for selection if he turns 17 no later than 45 days after the draft and the player submits written notice of early graduation to the MLB Commissioner by January 15th); or

The player's high school class has graduated (12th grade) and 

2. Player has not yet graduated from high school but player's high school athletic eligibility has expired; or

3. Player dropped out of high school at least 365 days prior to the draft; or

4. Player attended a junior college the previous school year; or

5. Player is attending a four-year college and the school has no baseball program, or

6. Player is attending a four-year college and player has completed at least junior year of athletic eligibility, or

7. Player is attending a four-year college and is age 21 or older (or will turn 21 within 45 days of the draft); or

8. Player withdrew from a four-year college at least 120 days prior to the draft.

A player dismissed from a four-year college for academic reasons prior to the draft is eligible for selection only with the consent of the MLB Commissioner. 

For purposes of draft eligibility, a GED is not considered a high school diploma.
NOTE: Prior to the 2017 draft, a GED was considered equivalent to a high school diploma for purposes of draft eligibility. 

A club is not permitted to select a player in the Rule 4 Draft two years in a row, unless the player gives his approval in advance.

A high school player eligible for selection may elect (in advance) to have his name removed from draft eligibility in that particular Rule 4 Draft.

Prior to the draft, the MLB Commissioner's office will designate what it considers to be the Top 300 players in the draft, and offer each of the players an opportunity to furnish in advance of the draft access to the player's certified medical history available to be reviewed by all 30 MLB clubs. Players are not required to participate in the program, but if a player declines to partuicipate, the player may not furnish medical records to any club or clubs prior to the draft.    

From among the Top 300 players, the MLB Commissioner's office will designate what it considers to be the Top 50 pitchers in the draft, and offer each of the pitchers an opportunity to submit a recent certified MRI of the pitcher's shoulder, elbow, or any other part of the body that has received medical treatment during the course of the previous season, available for review by all 30 MLB clubs prior to the draft. Pitchers are not required to participate in the program.   

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Negotiation List

Players selected in the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) are placed on a club's Negotiation List.

In most cases, a player selected by a club in the Rule 4 Draft will remain on the club's Negotiation List until either the player signs or until the signing deadline (whichever comes first), and if a club does not sign a Rule 4 Draft pick by the deadline (5 PM Eastern on the Friday that falls during the week July 6-12), the player is removed from the club's Negotiation List and becomes eligible for selection again in the next Rule 4 Draft in which the player would be eligible for selection. The exception to this rule is any college senior with no baseball eligibility left. This class of player remains on the club's Negotiation List until the player signs or until one week prior to the next Rule 4 Draft (whichever comes first). NOTE: As of the signing deadline at 5 PM Eastern on 7/6, the Cubs had signed all of their 2018 draft picks who had no college eligibility left except 23rd round pick C Hunter Taylor. 

A player selected in the Rule 4 Draft will be declared a free-agent if he is not offered a contract by the signing deadline.

A player eligible for selection in the Rule 4 Draft who is not drafted ("Non-Drafted Free-Agent" or "NDFA") can sign with any club after the conclusion of the draft any time up until one week prior to the next Rule 4 Draft, unless and until the NDFA enrolls in a junior college or four-year college, in which case MLB Rule 4 Draft eligibility rules apply.

A player selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft or a Rule 4 eligible NDFA cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

A player selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft or a Rule 4 eligible NDFA can be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a contract during the period of time extending from July 2nd through December 31st.

The Cubs signed 32 of their 42 2018 draft picks, including their first twenty picks and 23 of their first 24. They also signed three NDFA. 

CUBS 2018 RULE 4 DRAFT NEGOTIATION LIST: (updated 7-6-2018):
Nico Hoerner, INF (Stanford) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED 
Brennen Davis, OF (Basha HS - Chandler, AZ) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
Cole Roederer, OF (William S. Hart HS - Santa Clarita, CA) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED 
Paul Richan, RHP (U. of San Diego) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Jimmy Herron, OF (Duke) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Ethan Roberts, RHP (Tennessee Tech) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Andy Weber, 2B (U. of Virginia) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Kohl Franklin, RHP (Broken Arrow Senior HS - Broken Arrow, OK) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
D. J. Artis, OF (Liberty) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Zach Mort, RHP (George Mason) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Derek Casey, RHP (U. of Virginia) - COLLEGE SR (REDSHIRT JR) - SIGNED
Luke Reynolds, 3B (Southern Mississippi) - COLLEGE SR (REDSHIRT JR) - SIGNED
Riley Thompson, RHP (U. of Louisville) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Cam Sanders, RHP (LSU) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Ezequiel Pagan, OF (Pro Baseball Academy & High School - Gurabo, PR) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED 
Riley McCauley, RHP (Michigan State) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Tyler Durna, 1B (UCSD) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Josh Sawyer, LHP (U. of Texas) - COLLEGE SR (REDSHIRT JR) - SIGNED
Jake Reindl, RHP (U. of Arkansas) - COLLEGE JR - SIGNED
Jake Slaughter, INF (LSU) - COLLEGE SOPH - SIGNED 
Layne Looney, RHP (U. of Richmond) - COLLEGE JR 
Chris Allen, LHP (College of Marin) - JC SOPH - SIGNED 
Carlos Vega, RHP (Southeast Missouri State) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Jamie Galazin, OF (St. John's University) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Hunter Taylor, C (U. of South Carolina) - COLLEGE SR
Blake Whitney, RHP (USC - Upstate)- COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Dalton Hurd, OF (Seattle University) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Julian Boyd, OF (St. John Bosco HS - Bellflower, CA) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with U. of Nevada) 
Niels Stone, RHP (Indian River State College) - JC FRESHMAN - SIGNED
Mitchell Parker, LHP (Manzano HS - Albuquerque, NM) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with U. of Tennessee)
Levi Jordan, INF (U. of Washington) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Drew Wharton, OF-1B (Clemson) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Clayton Daniel, 2B (Jacksonville State) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Jack Patterson, LHP (Bryant University) - COLLEGE 5th YEAR (REDSHIRT SR) - SIGNED
Tyler Ras, RHP (Middletown North HS - Middletown Township, NJ) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with U. of Alabama) 
Miguel Pabon, SS (Leadership Christian Academy - Guaynabo, PR) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
Edmond Americaan, OF (Chipola College) - JC SOPH - SIGNED
Jacob Campbell, C (Craig HS - Janesville, WI) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with U. of Illinois)
Henry Anthony Vilar, SS (Westminster Christian School - Palmetto, FL) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with U. of Miami) 
Chase Hanson, RHP (Edison HS - Huntington Beach, CA) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with UNLV)  
Pierson Gibis, C (Wauconda HS - Wauconda, IL) - HIGH SCHOOL (signed NLI with Madison College)
Itamar Steiner, LHP (Niles North HS - Skokie, IL) - HIGH SCHOOL (will attend U. of Illinois if he does not sign with Cubs)

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Signing Bonus Pool

There is a maximum limit on the aggregate amount of money that each club can pay as signing bonuses to players selected in a First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) before penalties begin to accrue.

Prior to the Rule 4 Draft, each MLB club is assigned a “Signing Bonus Pool” (SBP) equal to the aggregate pre-assigned bonus value of all of the club’s draft slots in the first ten rounds (including supplemental & compensatory draft picks). The higher the slot, the higher the bonus value. (The collective MLB SBP is determined in advance by calculating industry revenues). 

The Cubs 2018 Rule 4 Draft SBP is $7,517,100 (or $7,892,955 before penalties would be assessed).

If a club fails to sign a player selected in the first ten rounds (including supplemental draft picks), the value of that slot is deducted from the club’s SBP. There is no bonus value assigned to draft slots after the 10th round, but if a club pays a signing bonus in excess of $125,000 to a player selected in the 11th round or later or to a player eligible for selection who was not drafted, the amount of that bonus in excess of $125,000 is deducted from the club’s SBP.

If a club exceeds its SBP in a given Rule 4 Draft, a tax will be assessed and future Rule 4 Draft picks could be forfeited, depending on how much the club exceeded its SBP. (The club’s 1st Round draft pick in the next Rule 4 Draft is forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by 5-10%, its 1st & 2nd round draft picks in the next Rule 4 Draft are forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by 10-15%, and the club’s 1st Round picks in the next two Rule 4 Drafts are forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by more than 15%).

Money collected from the tax on clubs that exceed their SBP will be distributed to qualifying clubs as Revenue Sharing funds, and forfeited draft picks will be reassigned by lottery. (Any club that exceeds its SBP is excluded from the lottery).

Rule 4 Compensation Draft Picks

A Rule 4 Draft compensation pick is awarded to a club if the club is unable to sign a player selected in one of the first three rounds of the MLB Rule 4 Draft (including compensation draft picks between rounds 1-2, 2-3, and 3-4, Competitive Balance draft picks, draft picks awarded to a club after the club loses an Article XX-B MLB Free-Agent Qualified Player, and draft picks assigned to clubs from the SBP forfeited draft pick lottery).

A club must offer a drafted player at least 40% of the slot value in order to be eligible to receive a compensation draft pick if the player does not sign.
EXCEPTION: A club is not required to offer a drafted player at least 40% of the slot value in order to be eligible to receive a compensation draft pick if the player does not sign if the drafted player is one of the Top 50 pitchers designated by the MLB Commissioner's office prior to the draft and the pitcher declined to submit an MRI

If a player selected prior to the 3rd round of the Rule 4 Draft does not sign, the club receives an extra compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season.

If a player selected in the 3rd round of the draft does not sign, the club receives an extra compensation selection after the 3rd round in the next Rule 4 Draft, with clubs selecting in inverse order of league standings from the previous season. (In the case of two clubs finishing with the same winning percentage the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie. If the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie).

A club would receive another compensation pick in the next Rule 4 Draft after that if a player selected with an extra compensation pick does not sign (same slot as the extra compensation draft pick for a player not signed after being selected prior to the 3rd round, and between the 3rd round compensation picks and the 4th round for a compensation draft pick not signed after being selected after the 3rd round), but there is no additional compensation pick awarded the following season (three years removed from the original draft pick) if a club is unable to sign that player.

A compensation draft pick awarded to a club after the club is unable to sign a player selected in a previous draft is NOT subject to forfeiture if that club signs an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from another club.

Beginning with the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Article XX-B Qualified Player Compensation draft picks will be slotted between the 2nd & 3rd round of the draft (immediately after Competitive Balance Round "B"), between Rounds 1 & 2 (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") for any club receiving revenue sharing funds that loses a Qualified Player who signs a major league contract worth more than $50M, and between rounds 4 & 5 for Competitive Balance Tax payors (club's payroll exceeds the so-called "Luxury Tax").

If a player selected with a draft pick awarded as the result of a club losing a Qualified Player does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with that compensation draft pick does not sign.

A compensation draft pick awarded to a club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player to another club is subject to forfeiture if that club signs a player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from another MLB club.

Rule 4 Competitive Balance Draft Picks

"Competitive Balance" Rule 4 Draft picks are slotted between the 1st and 2nd rounds (Competitive Balance Round "A") and between the 2nd and 3rd rounds (Competitive Balance Round "B").

Beginning with the 2017 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be awarded by lottery. Rather, all clubs who qualify (the ten smallest market clubs and the ten lowest revenue clubs, some of which are the same club) will receive Competitive Balance draft picks in either Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd rounds) or in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds), with each club alternating between the two rounds every-other year.

Beginning with the 2018 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be subject to forfeiture by clubs signing a Qualified Player.

A Competitive Balance draft slot can be traded only during a period of time starting on December 2nd and extending up until two hours prior to the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft). The slot cannot be traded for cash unless it is a financial adjustment made to offset the salary of one or more of the players involved in the trade. Also, a Competitive Balance draft slot can be traded only once (only by the club that was awarded the pick). Once traded, the slot cannot be "flipped" to a third club.

If a player selected with a Competitive Balance draft pick does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with a Competitive Balance compensation draft pick does not sign.

Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Picks

A Rule 4 SBP Forfeited draft pick that is forfeited because a club exceeded its Rule 4 Draft Signing Bonus Pool limit will be reassigned to another club by lottery to be held on the Wednesday following the MLB Rule 4 Draft signing deadline. All MLB clubs that have not exceeded its SBP limit as of that point in time are eligible to participate in this lottery.

As with Competitive Balance draft picks, Rule 4 SBP Forfeited draft picks can be traded, but only during a period of time beginning on December 2nd and extending up until two hours prior to the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft), and the pick cannot be traded for cash unless it is a financial adjustment made to offset the salary of one or more of the players involved in the trade. Also, a Rule 4 forfeited draft pick can be traded only once (only by the club that was awarded the pick). Once traded, the pick cannot be "flipped" to a third club.

If a club that is awarded a Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft pick subsequently exceeds its SBP, the pick will be forfeited and another lottery will be held (date and time TBA by the MLB Commissioner) to allocate the pick to another club.

If a club trades a Rule 4 Forfeited Draft pick to another club, it cannot subsequently sign a player subject to the club's Rule 4 SBP if signing the player causes the club to exceed its SBP.

If a player selected with a Rule 4 Draft SBP forfeited draft pick does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than the forfeited draft pick slot from the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with a compensation Rule 4 Draft SBP forfeited draft pick does not sign.

International First-Year Players - Eligibility & Restrictions

The "International Signing Period" extends from July 2nd through June 15th of the following year. No international player can be signed during the period of time extending from June 16th through July 1st.

Any individual who is age 17 or older, has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract, resides outside the U. S., Canada, and Puerto Rico, and has not been enrolled in a high school or college in the U. S., Canada, or Puerto Rico within the previous year, can be signed during the "International Signing Period." Also, a 16-year old international player can be signed if the individual will turn 17 prior to September 1st or prior to the conclusion of the regular season of the minor league club to which the player is assigned (whichever comes first).

An international player can be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a contract during the period of time starting on July 2nd up through December 31st.

In addition, a 16-year old international player who otherwise would not be eligible to sign can be "Signed for Future Service" (that is, contract is for the following season) if the player signs a contract July 2nd through August 31st.

International Signing Bonus Pool

There is a maximum limit on the aggregate amount of money each MLB club can pay as signing bonuses to international first-year players.

Beginning with the 2017-18 ISP:

1. A club's International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) will no longer be divided into four "Signing Bonus Values." Instead, a club's ISBP will be a fixed amount: $5.75M for the clubs that have selections in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds) of the MLB Rule 4 Draft, $5.25M for the clubs that have selections in Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd rounds) of the MLB Rule 4 Draft, and $4.75M for all other MLB clubs (not counting possible subtractions as the result of a club signing an Article XX-B Qualified Player in the previous off-season).

2. A club cannot exceed its assigned ISBP plus a maximum additional 75% of the club's assigned ISBP that might be acquired in a trade or trades (a maximum additional 60% of its assigned ISBP that might be acquired via trade or trades starting with the 2019-20 ISP).

3. A club can carry-over up to $400K in ISBP space from one ISP to the next ISP if a contract or contracts signed by a player or players is/are voided after the conclusion of the ISP during which the contract or contracts was/were signed. The amount of ISBP space carried-over from the previous ISP must match the amount of ISBP space that was deducted from the club's ISBP after the player or players signed their contracts. If the amount of ISBP space deducted exceeded $400K, the amount of ISBP space in excess of $400K that is carried-over to the next ISP will be divided up into 29 equal amounts and added to the ISBP of the other 29 MLB clubs. 
NOTE: A club's right to carry-over ISBP space from one ISP to the next ISP only applies to contracts that are voided as the result of the player failing his physical or being unable to obtain a visa to the U. S. or if an investigation by the MLB Commissioner determines the player falsified his age and/or identity prior to signing the contract. It does not apply to contracts voided by the MLB Commissioner as a result of a rules violation by the club.

4. An MLB club that signs an Article XX-B Qualified Player (not including its own Qualified Players) will have $500,000 subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP) for each Qualified Player signed, and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP for each Qualified Player signed. (The Competitive Balance Tax threshold is $195M in 2017, $197M in 2018, $206M in 2019, $208M in 2020, and $210M in 2021).

5. The MLB Commissioner can order a club to forfeit up to 50% of its assigned ISBP from one or more ISP and/or one or more player contract(s) can be voided if it is determined that a club and/or a player or players attempted to circumvent the international signing bonus rules.

ISBP EXCEPTIONS/RESTRICTIONS:

1. A signing bonus paid to a first-year international player age 25 or older who has spent all or part of at least six seasons playing in an MLB-recognized foreign professional or "major" league does - NOT - count against the club’s ISBP.

2. Up to 75% of a signing bonus paid to an international free-agent under the control of a Mexican League club does - NOT - count against the MLB club's ISBP if the signing bonus is paid to the Mexican League club and not directly to the player and the player receives no more than 25% of the signing bonus from the Mexican League club.

3. A player subject to ISBP restrictions cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

TRADING/ACQUIRING ISBP SPACE:

A club can trade up to 100% of its ISBP, and a club can acquire up to 75% of the club's assigned ISBP via trade. (A club can acquire up to 60% of its assigned ISBP via trade or trades beginning with the 2019-20 ISP).

While up to 100% of a club's originally-assigned ISBP (plus up to an additional 75% of the club's originally-assigned ISBP that might be acquired in a trade or trades) can be traded, there are some restrictions:

1. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) can only be traded during the International Signing Period (ISP) to which the ISBP was assigned (July 2nd through June 15th of the following year);

2. A club can trade no more than $250K of its ISBP space in any one transaction unless the club is trading all of its remaining ISBP in one transaction.

3. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) cannot be sold for cash. However, cash can be exchanged if it is used to offset the salary or salaries of a player or players acquired in return for the SBV;

4. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) cannot be substituted for a "Player to Be Named Later" (PTBNL);

5. Another club's ISBP (or a portion of it) acquired in a trade can be traded ("flipped") to a third club.

RESTRICTING BONUSES (CARRY-OVER FROM PRE-2016 CBA):

Through the 2016-17 ISP, a tax and a restriction on bonuses that could be paid to international players during the next ISP were assessed if a club paid signing bonuses in excess of its ISBP in a given ISP

1. A club that paid signing bonuses that exceeded its ISBP by 5% or less was assessed a 75% tax on the ISBP overage, but there was no restrictions on bonuses in the next ISP.

2. A club that paid signing bonuses that exceeded its ISBP by 5-10% was assessed a 75% tax on the ISBP overage, and was permitted to sign only one international first-year player to a bonus of $500K or more in the next ISP.

3. A club that paid signing bonuses that exceeded its ISBP by 10-15% was assessed a 100% tax on the overage, and no player could be signed to a bonus of $300K or more in the next ISP.

4. A club that paid signing bonuses that exceeded its ISBP by 15%+ was assessed a 100% tax on the overage, and no player could be signed to a bonus of $300K or more in the next two ISPs.

Money collected from the tax on clubs that exceed their ISBP will be used to further the development of international baseball.

NOTE: Despite changes in the 2016-21 CBA, penalties incurred by clubs in the 2015-16 and 2016-17 ISPs will continue in the 2017-18 and 2018-19 ISPs. Because they exceeded their 2015-16 ISBP by more than 15%, the Cubs were not allowed to sign any international free-agent subject to ISBP signing bonus limits to a contract with a signing bonus in excess of $300K in both the 2016-17 and 2017-18 ISPs.

Player Posting - NPB & KBO

NIPPON PROFESSIONAL BASEBALL (JAPAN):

There are two Japanese "major" leagues, the Pacific League and the Central League, with each league consisting of six teams. Together the two leagues are known as "Nippon Professional Baseball" (or "NPB").

Unless the player is released or signed by an MLB club after being posted, all NPB players remain under club control (the player is "reserved") for nine seasons. After the 9th season, the player becomes an unrestricted free-gent.

1. An NPB player who is not under the control of an NPB club can sign with any MLB club.

2. With the consent of the NPB club, an NPB player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a three-month period extending from November 1st to February 1st.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, an NPB player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a 35-day period extending from November 1st through December 5th.

3. The NPB club decides in advance on the amount of the release fee it will be paid if the player signs with an MLB club (it can be any amount up to $20M), and all MLB clubs are notified of the posting by the MLB Commissioner.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, the release fee for NPB posted players will be:
MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: If the guaranteed value of the contract is $25M or less the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract, if the guaranteed value of the contract is $50M or less but more than $25M the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract up through the first $25M and 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for any amount above $25M, and if the guaranteed value of the contract is more than $50M the release fee will be 20% of the of the guaranteed value of the contract for the first $25M, 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for the second $25M, and 15% of the guaranteed value of the contract above $50M. In addition, the MLB club must pay 15% of the value of any bonus earned, salary escalator, and/or option exercised over the length of the contract. 
MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: The release fee is 25% of the signing bonus, and the MLB club must pay a supplemental fee if the player is subsequently added to the club's MLB reserve list (40-man roster) and is tendered a Major League contract (see "MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT" above).

4. Any MLB club willing to pay the release fee can negotiate with the NPB player during a 30-day period starting on the day after the player is posted.

5. If an MLB club signs a posted NPB player, the NPB club receives the designated release fee from that MLB club. The release fee can be paid in installments over an 18-month period, with the MLB club required to pay 50% of the release fee within 14 days of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within six months of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within 12 months of the submission of the posted player's contract, and 16% of the release fee within 18 months of the submission of the posted player's contract. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).

6. If a posted NPB player does not sign with an MLB club within 30 days after being posted, the NPB club does not receive the release fee, and the player cannot be posted again until the next November 1st (unless he becomes an unrestricted free-agent in the meantime).

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


KOREA BASEBALL ORGANIZATION (SOUTH KOREA):

The Korea Baseball Organization (KBO) is the South Korean "major" league. With a new club beginning play in 2015, there are now ten teams in the KBO.

Unless the player is released or signed by an MLB club after being posted, all KBO players remain under club control (the player is "reserved") until the player's contract has expired.

1. A KBO player who is not under the control of a KBO club can sign with any MLB club.

2. With the consent of the KBO club, a KBO player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a three-month period extending from November 1st to February 1st.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, a KBO player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a 35-day period extending from November 1st through December 5th.

3. If a KBO club decides to post a player, the KBO club advises the MLB Commissioner of the posting, and then the MLB Commissioner notifies all MLB clubs. Once the posting notification is transmitted, MLB clubs have four days to decide whether to submit a bid. The bid is what the MLB club is willing to pay to the KBO club as a "release fee" if the MLB club signs the posted KBO player.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, the release fee for KBO posted players will be:
MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: If the guaranteed value of the contract is $25M or less the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract, if the guaranteed value of the contract is $50M or less but more than $25M the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract up through the first $25M and 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for any amount above $25M, and if the guaranteed value of the contract is more than $50M the release fee will be 20% of the of the guaranteed value of the contract for the first $25M, 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for the second $25M, and 15% of the guaranteed value of the contract above $50M. In addition, the MLB club must pay 15% of the value of any bonus earned, salary escalator, and/or option exercised over the length of the contract. 
MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: The release fee is 25% of the signing bonus, and the MLB club must pay a supplemental fee if the player is subsequently added to the club's MLB reserve list (40-man roster) and is tendered a Major League contract (see "MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT" above).

4. The bidding closes at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 4th day following the posting notification. Any interested MLB club may submit a sealed (secret) bid to the MLB Commissioner prior to the deadline. There is no limit on the amount an MLB club may bid. Once the deadline has passed, the MLB Commissioner advises the KBO club if any bids were received, and if so, the amount of the winning bid, but not the identity of the club that submitted it. The KBO club then has three days to decide whether to accept the winning bid. If the KBO club accepts the bid, the MLB club that submitted the highest bid is awarded exclusive negotiation rights to the posted KBO player, but the club can negotiate with the player for no more than 30 days.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, any MLB club willing to pay the release fee can negotiate with the KBO player during a 30-day period starting on the day after the player is posted.

5. If an MLB club signs a posted KBO player within the 30-day "window," the KBO club receives the release fee from that MLB club. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, if an MLB club signs a posted KBO player, the KBO club receives the designated release fee from that MLB club. The release fee can be paid in installments over an 18-month period, with the MLB club required to pay 50% of the release fee within 14 days of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within six months of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within 12 months of the submission of the posted player's contract, and 16% of the release fee within 18 months of the submission of the posted player's contract. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).

6. If a KBO player does not sign with an MLB club within 30 days after being posted, the KBO club does not receive the release fee, and the player cannot be posted again until the next November 1st (unless he becomes an unrestricted free-agent in the meantime).

Minor League Contracts & Roster Rules

MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACTS & ROSTER RULES 

1. A free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a minor league contract must be added to a minor league reserve list when he is added to a minor league club's Active List or when the contract is filed with the MLB Commissioner (whichever comes first). Contracts must be filed with the MLB Commissioner within 20 days of signing.

2. A player must be added to a minor league reserve list immediately if the player is sent outright to the minors, is acquired in a trade, or is selected in the AAA Phase of the MLB Rule 5 Draft.

3. A player who was eligible for selection in the First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) who signs a minor league contract after being selected in the Rule 4 Draft or as a Non-Drafted Free-Agent (NDFA) and who is not "Signed for Future Service" must be added to a minor league club's Active List within 15 days or when he plays in his first game (whichever comes first). The player cannot be released until he spends at least 15 days on a minor league active list or receives a (minimum) 15-day trial in Spring Training.

4. A player on a minor league reserve list cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, starting with the filing of MLB & minor league reserve lists on November 20th up through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft.

5. With the approval of the MLB Commissioner, a club may assign (loan) a player signed to a minor league contract to the Active List of a minor league club in another organization or to a club in the Mexican League. However, the player must be returned no later than September 30th.

6. With the consent of the player and the club, a player who has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract may be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a minor league contract after July 1st and is not placed on a minor league club's Active List, Injured List, Temporarily Inactive List, or Military List  prior to the conclusion of the Minor League season. (Attendance at a post-season Instructional League and/or participation in Instructional League games do not count).

7. An international player who has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract MUST be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a minor league contract after July 1st and the player does not turn 17 before September 1st or until after the conclusion of the regular season of the minor league club to which the player is assigned (whichever is later).

8. A player who is "Signed for Future Service" does not count against a minor league club's Active List or Reserve List until Opening Day of the following season.

9. A player who is "Signed for Future Service" cannot be released until he receives a 15-day trial in Spring Training.

10. An MLB player who was sent outright to a minor league club during the previous season or after the conclusion of the previous season cannot be tendered a minor league contract for the following season with a salary less than 80% of his previous season's salary (what he was actually paid that season).

11. If an unsigned MLB player is outrighted to a minor league club after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and then is not tendered a minor league contract by January 15th, the player is a free-agent.

12. If a minor league player under club control (a minor league "auto-renewal" player) is not tendered a salary addendum by March 15th, the player is a free-agent.

13. An MLB club can automatically renew a minor league player's contract no more than six times, so a club can unilaterally control a minor league player (that is, a player not on an MLB 40-man roster) for no more than seven minor league seasons. For purposes of determining eligibility to be a free-agent, a player does not accrue a minor league season if the player spends the entire season on an MLB Active List, MLB Disabled List(s), and/or other MLB inactive list, or if the player spends an entire season on the Restricted List, Disqualified List, Suspended List, Ineligible List, Voluntarily Retired List, and/or Military List. Also, participation in a post-season instructional league, the Arizona Fall League, and/or international winter league(s) do not count toward a minor league season.

 

MINOR LEAGUE SERVICE TIME & ROSTER LIMITS

For the purpose of determining minor league roster limits & restrictions, a minor league player accrues a year of "service time" for every season in which the player spends at least 30 days on an MLB and/or minor league active list and/or injured list, unless the player spent the entire season on the Injured List.

1. Service time accrued by a player while assigned to a club or clubs in the Dominican Summer League (DSL) and/or Venezuelan Summer League (VSL) does not count when determining minor league roster limits and restrictions for minor league clubs in non-foreign affilated leagues.

2. A position player making a position change to pitcher or a pitcher making a position change to position player receives a one-year exemption from minor league service time restrictions. However, a position player being converted to a pitcher may not be used as a position player in a minor league game during the exempt year, and a pitcher being converted to a position player may not be used as a pitcher in a minor league game during the exempt year.

3. A player on a minor league "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment does not count against the Active List or Reserve List of the affiliate to which he is assigned.

4. A maximum of three players on a minor league Injured List, Restricted List, and/or Miltary List may be assigned on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment to any one minor league affiliate at any one time, but there is no limit to the number of players who can be on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning assignment" with the organization's Extended Spring Training and post-season Instructional League squads. There is also no limit on the number of players on an MLB Injured List, Restricted List, and/or Military List who can be assigned on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment to any one minor league affiliate at any one time.

 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUE AFFILIATES

SS = Short Season League
R = Rookie League 
FR = Foreign Rookie League


IOWA (AAA)

ROSTER LIMITS: 38 players (RESERVE LIST) - 25 players (ACTIVE LIST)
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: NONE

TENNESSEE (AA):
ROSTER LIMITS: 37 players (RESERVE LIST) - 25 players (ACTIVE LIST) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: NONE

MYRTLE BEACH (Hi-A):
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 25 players (ACTIVE LIST) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Maximum two players and one player-coach with six or more years of service time (not including DSL/VSL service time)

SOUTH BEND (Lo-A): 
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 25 players (ACTIVE LIST) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Maximum two players with five or more years of service time (not including DSL/VSL service time)

EUGENE (SS-A): 
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 35 players (ACTIVE LIST) - 25 players designated "ACTIVE" for each game (ten must be pitchers) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Beginning on July 1st, maximum three players with four or more years of service time (VSL/DSL service time excluded)

AZL CUBS #1 (SS-R):
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 35 players (ACTIVE LIST) - 30 players designated "ACTIVE" for each game (ten must be pitchers) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Beginning on July 1st, no players with three or more years of service time (VSL/DSL service time excluded)

AZL CUBS #2 (SS-R):
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 35 players (ACTIVE LIST) - 30 players designated "ACTIVE" for each game (ten must be pitchers) 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Beginning on July 1st, no players with three or more years of service time (VSL/DSL service time excluded)

DSL CUBS #1 (SS-FR): 
ROSTER RESTRICTIONS: International players only (maximum two players from Puerto Rico)
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 35 players (ACTIVE LIST) - no more than 30 players designated "ACTIVE" for each game (ten must be pitchers);
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: No players with four or more years of service time (including DSL/VSL service time) 

DSL CUBS #2 (SS-FR):
ROSTER RESTRICTIONS: International players only (maximum two players from Puerto Rico)
ROSTER LIMITS: 35 players (RESERVE LIST) - 35 players (ACTIVE LIST) - no more than 30 players designated "ACTIVE" for each game (ten must be pitchers)
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: No players with four or more years of service time (including DSL/VSL service time)


There is no Active List roster limit for the Cubs Extended Spring Training and post-season Instructional Leagues ("instructs") squads.

Each MLB club must have a current working agreement with each of its minor league affiliates not owned outright by the club. The agreement is called a "Player Development Contract" (or "PDC"). The PDCs between the Cubs and their Iowa, Tennessee, Myrtle Beach, South Bend, and Eugene affiliates expire after the 2022 season. (The Cubs own their AZL Cubs #1, AZL Cubs #2, DSL Cubs #1, and DSL Cubs #2 affiliates, so there is no PDC between the Cubs and those four clubs).

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUE ROSTERS (last updated 2-20-2019):

* bats or throws left
# bats both


Player on Optional Assignment to minors from MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) is in gold italics
Player on MLB DL who is on an MLB Article XIX-C Minor League Rehab Assignment is in red italics
Minor League player on Rehab Assignment with a short-season club is in green
Players "Signed for Future Service" (2019 contract) and "Roster Status Pending" are in orange  


IOWA: 37

AAA

PITCHERS: 22 
* Alberto Baldonado
Christian Bergman 
Corey Black 
Craig Brooks 
Matt Carasiti 
* Ian Clarkin 
Trevor Clifton
* Danny Hultzen
George Kontos 
* Conor Lillis-White
* Luis Lugo
Brad Markey
Carlos Ramirez
Colin Rea
Rob Scahill
Jake Stinnett 
Junichi Tazawa 
Alexander Vargas
* Jerry Vasto
Allen Webster 
* Mike Zagurski 
* Rob Zastryzny 

CATCHERS: 3
* Francisco Arcia 
Rafelin Lorenzo
Jhonny Pereda 

INFIELDERS: 5 
# Cristhian Adames 
Ryan Court 
Phillip Evans 
* Vimael Machin
Chesny Young 

OUTFIELDERS: 7
* Jim Adduci
*Zach Borenstein
Charcer Burks
Jose Cardona
Johnny Field
* Jacob Hannemann
* Evan Marzilli


TENNESSEE: 31

AA

PITCHERS: 13
Casey Bloomquist 
Enrique de los Rios
Scott Effross 
Dalton Geekie 
* Luke Hagerty 
Zach Hedges 
* Ryan Kellogg
Erick Leal
* Jordan Minch
* Ruben Reyes (ex-OF)
* Manuel Rondon
Jose Rosario
Ryan Williams

CATCHERS: 5 
Erick Castillo
P. J. Higgins 
Tyler Payne 
Will Remillard
Ian Rice

INFIELDERS: 7 
Tyler Alamo
Gioskar Amaya 
Wladimir Galindo 
# Robel Garcia
Jesse Hodges
# Yeiler Peguero 
Franklin Tineo  

OUTFIELDERS: 6 
* Luis Ayala
Yasiel Balaguert
Wynton Bernard
# Roberto Caro 
Kevonte Mitchell
* Chris Pieters


MYRTLE BEACH: 32

Hi-A

PITCHERS: 19
Cory Abbott
Bailey Clark 
Tom Hatch 
Chad Hockin 
* Bryan Hudson 
Garrett Kelly    
Alex Lange 
* Ryan Lawlor
Dakota Mekkes 
Mario Meza
Tyson Miller 
Tommy Nance
Tyler Peyton
Duncan Robinson 
Michael Rucker
* Wyatt Short
Matt Swarmer
Keegan Thompson 
Erich Uelmen 

CATCHERS: 2
* Michael Cruz
Marcus Mastrobuoni 

INFIELDERS: 7
* Aramis Ademan
* Christian Donahue
Trent Giambrone 
Rafael Narea 
* Carlos Sepulveda
Zack Short 
* Jared Young

OUTFIELDERS: 4
# Zach Davis
Eddy Julio Martinez 
Connor Myers 
* D. J. Wilson 


SOUTH BEND: 33

Lo-A

PITCHERS
: 19
Luis Aquino
Javier Assad 
* Andres Bonalde
Jesus Camargo 
Emilio Ferrebus
Brian Glowicki 
Ben Hecht 
Brendan King
* Brendon Little
* Brailyn Marquez
Ivan Medina
M. T. Minacci
Erling Moreno
* Pablo Ochoa
* Eugenio Palma
Jeffrey Passantino
Eury Ramos
Manuel Rodriguez 
Jake Steffens

CATCHERS: 2
Miguel Amaya
Eric Gonzalez

INFIELDERS: 7
Cam Balego 
Jhonny Bethencourt 
Clayton Daniel 
Austin Filiere
Nico Hoerner 
* Austin Upshaw
Delvin Zinn

OUTFIELDERS: 5
Chris Carrier 
# Jose Gutierrez
Jimmy Herron
# Brandon Hughes
Chris Singleton 


EUGENE: 32 

SS-A

PITCHERS
: 17 
Maikel Aguiar
Jose Albertos
Sean Barry
* Faustino Carrera
Derek Casey 
Fauris Guerrero
Riley McCauley 
Zach Mort 
Peyton Remy
Paul Richan
Stephen Ridings
Ethan Roberts 
Casey Ryan
Cam Sanders 
Mitch Stophel
Nathan Sweeney
Riley Tompson 

CATCHERS: 4
Alexander Guerra
Benny Kaleiwahea
Caleb Knight  
Gustavo Polanco

INFIELDERS: 7
Grant Fennell
Levi Jordan
# Yonathan Perlaza
* Luke Reynolds 
Jake Slaughter
Luis Vazquez
* Andy Weber

OUTFIELDERS: 4
* D. J. Artis
Fernando Kelli
* Jonathan Sierra
Nelson Velazquez


AZL CUBS #1: 30+2

SS-R

PITCHERS: 14+1 
Yovanny Cruz
Jeremiah Estrada 
Chi-Feng Lee
Braxton Light (RESTRICTED LIST - 50 game Prohibited Substance suspension 8-22-2018)
Brady Miller
Carlos Ocampo
Raidel Orta
* Jack Patterson
Yunior Perez 
Jake Reindl
Robert Robbins 
Niels Stone
Jesus Tejada
* Didier Vargas
Carlos Vega

CATCHERS: 3
Daniel Diaz
Orian Nunez (ex-INF)
* Jonathan Soto

INFIELDERS: 6
* Tyler Durna
# Josue Huma
Rafael Mejia
Christopher Morel
Henrry Pedra 
Herson Perez  

OUTFIELDERS: 7+1
* Edmond Americaan
Yovanny Cuevas
Jamie Galazin
Dalton Hurd
* Kwangmin Kwon
Kevin Moreno
* Ezequiel Pagan
* Abraham Rodriguez (RESTRICTED LIST)

 

AZL CUBS #2: 27 

SS-R

PITCHERS: 14 
* Chris Allen 
* Jonathan Bruzual
Fernando Calderon
Alfredo Colorado 
Danis Correa 
* Riger Fernandez
Kohl Franklin
Jose Miguel Gonzalez
Elias Herrera 
Eduarniel Nunez
* Josh Sawyer
* Luis Silva
Omar Ventura
Blake Whitney

CATCHERS: 3
Richard Nunez
Raymond Pena
Henderson Perez

INFIELDERS: 6
Luis Diaz
# Reivaj Garcia 
# Fidel Mejia
Miguel Pabon
Luis Verdugo
Kevin Zamudio

OUTFIELDERS
: 4
Brennan Davis 
Jose Alonso Gaitan
Carlos Pacheco
* Cole Roederer

DSL CUBS #1: 32+12

SS-FR

PITCHERS: 14+7
* Alejandro Carrillo   
Wilfre Delgado
Moises Diaz
Richard Gallardo (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE)
Edmar Gonzalez
Darling Grullon (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE
Julio Guante
* Ferrol Heredia
Manuel Heredia (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE
Andy Hernandez
Gabriel Jaramillo  
* Joel Machado (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE)  
Hector Matos (RESTRICTED LIST)   
Yander Montero (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE
Carlos Paula 
Luis Ramos
Jorge Remon  
Benjamin Rodriguez
* Luis Rodriguez  
Alberto Sojo 
* Saul Vazquez (RESTRICTED LIST - 72-game PED suspension 7-20-2018) 

CATCHERS
: 3
Efren Aular
Brayan Mancilla
Malcom Quintero

INFIELDERS: 8+2 
Augusto Acevedo
# Flemin Bautista
# Santiago Blanco 
Edwin Castillo (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE)
* Rochest Cruz
* Ervis Marchan
Juan Mora
Rafael Morel (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE
Fabian Pertuz
Oswaldo Pina 

OUTFIELDERS: 7+3
# Ezequiel Alavado 
Samuel Duarte
# Josue Fernandez
Orlando Guzman (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE)
# Albert Hinirio
* Jose Lopez (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE)   
* Yohendrick Pinango (SIGNED FOR FUTURE SERVICE
Jonathan Rodriguez
* Marco Valenzuela
* Ricardo Verenzuela


DSL CUBS #2
: 34

SS-FR

PITCHERS: 16
Keiber Arredondo 
Donato Auguste 
Willy Cabrera  
Keiber Carreno
Luis Devers
Manuel Espinoza 
Kelvin Feliz   
Francisco Fermin 
* Miseal Garcia  
* Jesus Gomez
Jose Gomez  
Francisco Gracia
* Johan Lopez
Luis Marte
* Anderson Parra
Edward Vasquez

CATCHERS: 4
Pablo Aliendo
Miller Chacon 
Miguel Fabrizio
Juan Vasquez

INFIELDERS: 9
Jeinser Brete
Christhian Espinal
Nestor Heredia
Widimer Joaquin  
# Pedro Martinez
Ignacio Otano
Lizardo Ruiz
# Ronny Simon 
* Orlando Zapata 

OUTFIELDERS: 5
Rafael Herrera
* Kelvin Hidalgo  
* Kevin Miranda  
Carlos Morfa   
* Brailin Pena   


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUE PLAYER DEVELOPMENT FIELD STAFF (updated 2-22-2019)
FIELD COORDINATOR: Jeremy Farrell
PITCHING COORDINATOR: Brendan Sagara
ASSISTANT PITCHING COORDINATORS: Mike Mason and Carlos Chantres 
HITTING COORDINATOR: Chris Valaika
ASSISTANT HITTING COORDINATOR: Tom Beyers
CATCHING COORDINATOR: Mark Johnson
INFIELD COORDINATOR: Jonathan Mota
OUTFIELD & BASERUNNING COORDINATOR: Doug Dascenzo
LATIN AMERICAN FIELD COORDINATOR: Dave Keller
MENTAL SKILLS PROGRAM DIRECTOR: Josh Lifrak
MENTAL SKILLS PROGRAM COORDINATOR: Bob Tewksbury
MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATORS: David DaSilva and John Baker 
LATIN AMERICAN MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATOR: Raymond Fuentes
IOWA: Marty Pevey (Manager), Rod Nichols (Pitching Coach), Desi Wilson (Hitting Coach), and Keoni DeRenne (Assistant Coach)
TENNESSEE: Jimmy Gonzalez (Manager), Terry Clark (Pitching Coach), Chad Allen (Hitting Coach), and Ben Carhart (Assistant Coach)
MYRTLE BEACH: Steve Lerud (Manager), Brian Lawrence (Pitching Coach), Ty Wright (Hitting Coach), and Osmin Melendez (Assistant Coach)
SOUTH BEND: Buddy Bailey (Manager), Jamie Vermilyea (Pitching Coach), Paul McAnulty (Hitting Coach), and Pedro Gonzalez (Assistant Coach)
EUGENE: Lance Rymel (Manager), Armando Gabino (Pitching Coach), Michael Carter (Hitting Coach), and Carlos Rojas (Assistant Coach)
AZL CUBS #1: Carmelo Martinez (Manager), Anderson Tavarez (Pitching Coach), VACANT (Hitting Coach), and Darnell McDonald (Assistant Coach)
AZL CUBS #2: Ricardo Medina (Manager), Manny Olivera (Pitching Coach), Claudio Almonte (Hitting Coach), and Jacob Rogers (Assistant Coach)
MESA REHAB: Ron Villone (Rehab Pitching Coordinator) and Tyler Pearson (Rehab Assistant Coach)
DSL CUBS #1: Leo Perez (Manager), Jose Cueto (Pitching Coach), D'Angelo Jimenez (Hitting Coach), Antonio Valerio (Assistant Coach), and Jose Zapata (Assistant Pitching Coach)
DSL CUBS #2: Carlos Ramirez (Manager), Luis Hernandez (Pitching Coach), Enrique Wilson (Hitting Coach), and Jovanny Rosario (Assistant Coach)
MINOR LEAGUE ATHLETIC TRAINING COORDINATOR: Chuck Baughman
ASSISTANT MINOR LEAGUE TRAINING COORDINATOR (MESA REHAB): Jonathan Fierro
ATHLETIC TRAINERS: Ed Halbur and Mike McNulty (Iowa), Toby Williams (Tennessee), Logan Severson (Myrtle Beach), James Edwards (South Bend), Sean Folan (Eugene), Ike Ojata (AZL Cubs #1), Matthew Hussey (AZL Cubs #2), Brennan Connelly (DSL Cubs #1), and German Suncin and Arnoldo Goite (DSL Cubs #2)
MINOR LEAGUE STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COORDINATOR: Doug Jarrow
STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COACHES: Ryan Clausen (Iowa), Jason Morriss (Tennessee), Keegan Knoll (Myrtle Beach), Ryan Nordtvedt (South Bend), Dallas Lopez (Eugene), Mike Megrew (AZL Cubs #1), Andres Rondon (AZL Cubs #2), Manny Estrada (DSL Cubs #1), and Amaury Gonzalez and Tomas Sanchez (DSL Cubs #2)

Minor League Free Agency

A minor league player can become a free-agent six ways: 

1. Outright Release
2. Per Article XX-B of the CBA 
3. Per Article XX-D of the CBA
4. Per Article XIX-A of the CBA
5. Per MLB Rule 55 
6. Non-tender 

OUTRIGHT RELEASE: Unlike for players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), Outright Release Waivers are not required to release a minor league player. A released minor league player receives two weeks termination pay if he is released during Spring Training or during the minor league season, but the player receives no termination pay if he is released during the off-season before the next season's salary addendum has been added to the player's contract. A minor league player who is injured during the course of Spring Training (Minor League Camp) or the minor league regular season receives two weeks termination pay if he is released no later than the 14th day of his club's regular season, but the injured player receives a full season's salary if he is released after the 14th day of his club's regular season. 

ARTICLE XX-B: If an Article XX-B MLB free-agent signs a minor league contract at least ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then is either not released by 12 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day prior to MLB Opening Day or added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or MLB Disabled List by 3 PM (Eastern) on MLB Opening Day, the player automatically receives a $100,000 retention bonus, and the player can unilaterally opt-out of the minor league contract on June 1st if he has not been added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or an MLB Disabled List by that date. 

ARTICLE XX-D: Any MLB player who has accrued at least three years of MLB service time, or who was eligible for Salary Arbitration as a "Super Two" after the previous season, and/or who has been outrighted previously in his career, has the right to be a free-agent if the player is outrighted to the minors. The player can exercise this right upon being outrighted, or (but only in the case of a player who has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career) he can opt to defer the right until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season (he is given two days to decide if he is outrighted during Spring Training or the MLB regular season, and he has three days to make up his mind if he is outrighted during the off-season). If a player eligible to be a free-agent under Article XX-D elects to be a free-agent immediately after being outrighted, the player's contract is terminated and the player receives no termination pay. (Because unsigned players do not receive termination pay, players eligible to be minor league free-agents under Article XX-D who are outrighted during the off-season before being tendered a contract for the following season almost always opt for free-agency immediately). But if the outrighted player accepts the Outright Assignment, the player's existing contract remains in force, and the player can elect free-agency beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up through October 15th. (A player who had the option to elect free-agency upon being outrighted only because he had been eligible for Salary Arbitration as a "Super Two" after the previous season does NOT have the right to defer free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season). However, an outrighted player who deferred the right to be an Article XX-D minor league free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is added back to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

ARTICLE XIX-A: Any MLB player who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (or any international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to be a free-agent if the player is optioned or outrighted to the minors. The player can exercise this right upon being optioned or outrighted to the minors, or he can defer the right until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season (he is given two days to decide if he is optioned or outrighted during Spring Training or the MLB regular season, and he has three days to make up his mind if he is outrighted during the off-season). If a player eligible to be a free-agent under Article XIX-A elects to be a free-agent immediately after being optioned or outrighted, the player's contract is terminated and the player receives no termination pay. (Because unsigned players do not receive termination pay, players eligible to be minor league free-agents under Article XIX-A who are outrighted during the off-season before being tendered a contract for the following season almost always opt for free-agency immediately). But if the player accepts the Optional or Outright Assignment, the player's existing contract remains in force, and the player can elect free-agency beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up through October 15th. However, an Article XIX-A  player who deferred the right to be an Article XX-D minor league free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is added back to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

MLB RULE 55: An unsigned minor league player is automatically declared a free-agent at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (the deadline is October 15th if the World Series is canceled) if the player has spent all or any part of at least seven separate seasons on a minor league roster (including all or parts of any season spent on Optional Assignment to the minors and/or on a minor league Injured List) and/or if the player has been previously released or non-tendered in his career and his present contract (known as a "second contract" even if it's his third or fourth minor league contract) has expired. For purposes of determining eligibility to be a minor league free-agent where spending seven separate seasons on a minor league roster is required, a player does not accrue a minor league season if the player spends the entire season on an MLB Active List, MLB Disabled List(s), and/or other MLB inactive list, or if the player spends an entire season on the Restricted List, Disqualified List, Suspended List, Ineligible List, Voluntarily Retired List, and/or Military List. Also, participation in a post-season instructional league or winter league and/or the Arizona Fall League (AFL) does not count toward a minor league season if the player otherwise did not accrue a minor league season that year. Note that a player who ordinarily would have been declared a Rule 55 minor league free-agent is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is either added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or agrees to a minor league successor contract prior to 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series.  

NON-TENDER: If an unsigned MLB player is outrighted to a minor league club after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and then is not tendered a minor league contract by January 15th (or January 14th if January 15th falls on a Saturday or January 13th if January 15th falls on a Sunday), the player is a free-agent. If a minor league player under club control (a minor league "auto-renewal" player) is not tendered a salary addendum by March 15th, the player is a free-agent.

A minor league free-agent can sign a major league or minor league contract with any club (including the player's former club) without any restrictions.

A club receives no compensation for losing a minor league free-agent.

 

LAST UPDATED: 2-20-2019
 

2019 ARTICLE XX-B MINOR LEAGUE PLAYER:
Junichi Tazawa, RHP 

POST-2019 ARTICLE XX-D MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENT
NONE AT THIS TIME

POST-2019 ARTICLE XIX-A MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENT
NONE AT THIS TIME


MLB RULE 55 FREE-AGENT POST-2019

SIX-YEAR MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENTS: 
Cristhian Adames, INF
Jim Adduci, OF-1B
Tyler Alamo, C-1B
Gioskar Amaya, INF
Luis Aquino, RHP
Francisco Arcia, C 
Luis Ayala, OF
Alberto Baldonado, LHP
Yasiel Balaguert, 1B-OF
Christian Bergman, RHP 
Wynton Bernard, OF
Corey Black, RHP
Zach Borenstein, OF 
Charcer Burks, OF
Matt Carasiti, RHP 
Jose Cardona, OF
Roberto Caro, OF
Erick Castillo, C
Ian Clarkin, LHP 
Trevor Clifton, RHP
Ryan Court, INF 
Enrique de los Rios, RHP
Phillip Evans, INF 
Johnny Field, OF
Luke Hagerty, LHP 
Jacob Hannemann, OF
Jesse Hodges, INF
Danny Hultzen, LHP
George Kontos, RHP
Erick Leal, RHP
Luis Lugo, LHP 
Evan Marzilli, OF 
Jhonny Pereda, C
Chris Pieters, OF-1B
Carlos Ramirez, RHP 
Colin Rea, RHP
Will Remillard, C 
Jose Rosario, RHP
Rob Scahill, RHP 
Allen Webster, RHP 
Mike Zagurski, LHP 
Rob Zastryzny, LHP

SECOND CONTRACT MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS (see NOTE below):
Donato Auguste, RHP (previously released by KC)
Robel Garcia, INF (previously released by CLE)
Dalton Geekie, RHP (previously released by ATL)
Julio Guante, RHP (previously released by DET)
Garrett Kelly, RHP (previously released by MIN)
Ryan Lawlor, LHP (previously released by ATL)
Ignacio Otano, INF (previously released by MIL)
Anderson Parra, LHP (previously released by PHI)
Juan Vasquez, C (previously released by SD)
NOTE: With mutual consent (player & club), a second-contract minor league player who has accrued fewer than seven minor league seasons can be signed to a multi-year minor league contract with club control extending up through the player's seventh minor league season. So it is possible that one or more of the Cubs minor league second contract players are signed beyond the 2019 season (TBD).

Arizona Fall League & AZ Instructional League

ARIZONA FALL LEAGUE (AFL)

The Arizona Fall League (AFL) is an MLB developmental league (approximately equivalent to "AA") that operates in the Phoenix metropolitan area for six weeks after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. It was founded in 1992 (it was the "brain-child" of long-time MLB executive Roland Hemond) and has operated continuously for 27 seasons. Games are played in MLB Spring Training stadiums.

In its present format, the AFL schedule features a 30-game "regular season," plus the "Bowman Hitting Challenge" held on the Saturday at the end of the first week, an All-Star Game (formerly called the "Rising Stars Game," but now known as the "Fall Stars Game") played on the Saturday at the end of the fourth week, and the AFL Championship Game (pitting the winner of the East Division against the winner of the West Division) played on the Saturday at the end of the sixth week. There are no games played on Sundays or on the day of the Bowman Hitting Challenge and on the day of the Fall Stars Game, but otherwise there are usually three games scheduled every day Monday through Saturday, beginning with AFL Opening Day on the second Tuesday after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and extending up through the Thursday of the sixth week.  

Here are the current AFL eligibility rules & restrictions. 
NOTE: Some of the original eligibility rules & restrictions have been changed (relaxed) over the past few years...

1. There are six AFL teams, and each AFL team is affiliated with five MLB clubs. SEA & SD (Peoria Javelinas), KC & TEX (Surprise Saguaros), LAD & CHW (Glendale Desert Dogs), AZ & COL (Salt River Rafters), CUBS (Mesa Solar Sox), and SF (Scottsdale Scorpions) are the "host organizations" for the six AFL teams, but the affiliations of the other twenty MLB clubs can vary from year-to-year. 
NOTE: Besides the Cubs, BOS, DET, LAA, and OAK will be affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2018. (DET, HOU, OAK, and WAS were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2017, and BAL, CLE, MIA, and OAK were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the Solar Sox in 2016).

2. Each MLB organization must assign a minimum of seven players under its control to its AFL affiliate (free-agents are not permitted to participate), including a minimum of four pitchers (preferably at least one pitcher capable of starting) and a minimum of three position players (specific positions needed to be filled by each organization TBD by a conference call "position draft" between the Player Development Directors of the five MLB organizations affiliated with that particular AFL team). 
NOTE: RHSP Adbert Alzolay, RHRP Pedro Araujo, INF David Bote, OF Charcer Burks, RHSP Alec Mills, C-1B Ian Rice, RHRP Jake Stinnett, and 3B-1B Jason Vosler were the Cubs players assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox in 2017 (RHSP Oscar de las Cruz was removed from the Mesa Solar Sox roster on 9/18 due to injury and was replaced Alzolay), and C-1B Victor Caratini, RHRP James Farris, 2B-OF Ian Happ, LF Eloy Jimenez, RHRP Ryan McNeil, RHRP Steve Perakslis, and RHSP Duane Underwood Jr were the Cubs players assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox in 2016.

3. An MLB organization can assign additional position-players to its AFL team's "Taxi Squad." Players assigned to an AFL team's "Taxi Squad" can play in no more than two games per week (it used to be Wednesday and Saturday games only, but now it's just no more than two games per week regardless of the day), but a player can be transferred from the Taxi Squad to the 35-man Active Roster to replace an injured or inactive player. 
NOTE: C-1B Ian Rice was assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox Taxi Squad in 2017 and he replaced David Bote on the MSS Active Roster with about two weeks left in the AFL season after Bote left the team to attend to a personal matter, and while the Cubs initially did not assign any players to the Solar Sox Taxi Squad in 2016, OF-DH Kyle Schwarber was briefly assigned to the MSS Taxi Squad 10/22-10/25 while preparing to play in the World Series. 

4. A player can be selected to play in the AFL more than once, as long as the player continues to meet eligibility for selection.

5. MLB players (including players selected in a preceding Rule 5 Draft) with less than one year (1+000) MLB Service Time accrued (not including time spent on an Injured List) as of September 1st are eligible.

6. Any player on an Advanced Class-A (A+), AA, or AAA Active Roster, Injured List, or Temporarily Inactive List on August 15th is eligible.

7. Two players on the Active List, Injured List, or Temporariliy Inactive List of a minor league affiliate below Advanced Class-A on August 15th can be assigned to the AFL.

8. International players from the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and/or Australia are eligible only if the player is not on the reserve list of a Winter League club from the player's home country. Otherwise, there is no maximum limit on the number of international players an MLB organization can assign to its AFL team.

9. A player on the Restricted List, Military List, Disqualified List, Ineligible List, or Voluntary Retired List is not eligible to participate in the AFL.

10. A player who was on a minor league or MLB Injured List at the close of the regular season is eligible to play in the AFL as long as the player has been reinstated, but there can be no special limits or restrictions placed on the player's playing time (other than the automatic restrictions imposed on a player assigned to an AFL team's "Taxi Squad").

11. A player cannot be assigned to the AFL on an Article XIX-C Minor League Injury Rehabilitation Assignment by a club participating in an MLB post-season series (LDS, LCS, and World Series).
NOTE: OF-DH Kyle Schwarber was added to the 2016 Mesa Solar Sox Taxi Squad on 10/22 after being reinstated from the Cubs MLB 60-day DL (so it was NOT considered a "rehab assignment"), and he played in two AFL games before re-joining the Cubs for the World Series on 10/25.  

12. Players assigned to the AFL do not accrue MLB or minor league service time, each player receives the same salary, and the salaries are paid out of a special fund managed by MLB.

13. Only players who are under control of an MLB organization are eligible to play in the AFL. A free-agent (unsigned player) is not eligible to play in the AFL.

Each MLB organization provides either the manager, a pitching coach, or a hitting coach to its affiliated AFL club (assignments rotate every year). The Cubs are responsible for providing one of the hitting coaches to their affiliated AFL club in 2018.
NOTE: Cubs AA Tennessee hitting coach Jesus Feliciano will serve as a hitting coach for the Mesa Solar Sox in 2018. 

CUBS ASSIGNED TO 2018 MESA SOLAR SOX (updated 9-13-2018)
Bailey Clark, RHP
Trent Giambrone, IF-OF (taxi squad)
P. J. Higgins, C-1B-3B 
Nico Hoerner, SS 
Erick Leal, RHP 
Jhonny Pereda, C (taxi squad)
Manuel Rondon, LHP 
Justin Steele, LHP 
D. J. Wilson, CF 
 

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

 

ARIZONA INSTRUCTIONAL LEAGUE (AZIL):

The Arizona Instructional League (known informally as "Instructs") has been in continuous existence for well over 50 years. The league operates from approximately mid-September to mid-October. Teams are based at the Minor League facilities connected with the 15 MLB clubs that have Spring Training in Arizona.
NOTE: The Cubs will not be fielding an AZ Instructs team in 2018. 

Typically clubs will only assign players with experience below the "Hi-A" level to Instructs, although occasionally an older player will be assigned to work on one particular phase of his game, to rehab from an injury, or to prep for the AFL.

Clubs with Spring Training homes in Arizona are not required to operate a team in the AZIL, and MLB clubs that do operate an "instructs" team are not required to schedule games against teams from other organizations.

There is also an Advanced Arizona Instructional League (sometimes called the "junior AFL") for older players, and "Advanced Instructs" is specifically designed to combine intrasquad instructional work AND games against other organizations.
NOTE: There was no "Advanced Instructs" in 2017 or 2018. (The Cubs and Angels fielded a "co-op" team in AZ Advanced Instructs the previous two seasons).  

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

WINTER INSTRUCTS

Beginning in 2019, Cubs Instructs has been moved to January (1/7 through 2/5). 

CUBS 2019 WINTER INSTRUCTS ROSTER: 64 (Last updated 1-22-2019)

* throws or bats left 
# bats both 

PITCHERS: 27 
Cory Abbott 
Jose Albertos
Javier Assad 
* Faustino Carrera  
Derek Casey 
Danis Correa
Yovanny Cruz
Jeremiah Estrada
Kohl Franklin  
Tom Hatch 
* Bryan Hudson
* Brendon Little 
* Brailyn Marquez 
Riley McCauley 
Tyson Miller 
Erling Moreno 
Zach Mort 
Eduarniel Nunez 
* Eugenio Palma 
Yunior Perez 
Eury Ramon 
Paul Richan 
Ethan Roberts 
Cam Sanders 
* Wyatt Short 
Niels Stone 
Riley Thompson 

CATCHERS: 7 
Miguel Amaya 
Alexander Guerra
Orian Nunez (ex-INF) 
Tyler Payne
Jhonny Pereda 
Henderson Perez 
* Jonathan Soto 

INFIELDERS: 19 (position played during infield practice in parenthesis)
* Aramis Ademan (SS) 
Jhonny Bethencourt (3B) 
Luis Diaz (2B) 
* Tyler Durna (1B)
# Reivaj Garcia (2B) 
Nico Hoerner (SS) 
# Josue Huma (3B-SS) 
Levi Jordan (3B)
# Fidel Mejia (3B-1B) 
Christopher Morel (SS) 
Miguel Pabon (2B-SS)
# Yonathan Perlaza (3B) 
* Luke Reynolds (1B-3B) 
Jake Slaughter (1B-3B-2B)
* Jared Young (1B-OF)
Luis Vazquez (SS) 
Luis Verdugo (SS) 
* Andy Weber (2B-SS) 
Delvin Zinn (2B-3B) 

OUTFIELDERS: 11
* Edmond Americaan 
* D. J. Artis  
Brennen Davis 
Jamie Galazin 
Jimmy Herron
Fernando Kelli 
Kevin Moreno 
Carlos Morfa (U. S. debut - played in DSL in 2018)
* Ezequiel Pagan 
* Cole Roederer 
Nelson Velazquez 


FIELD STAFF

FIELD COORDINATOR:
Jeremy Farrell

PITCHING COORDINATOR
Brendan Sagara 

ASSISTANT PITCHING CORDINATORS
Carlos Chantres 
Mike Mason 

HITTING COORDINATOR
Chris Valaika 

ASSISTANT HITTING COORDINATOR
Tom Beyers 

INFIELD COORDINATOR
Jonathan Mota 

OUTFIELD COORDINATOR
Doug Dascenzo 

BASERUNNING INSTRUCTOR
Mike Roberts 

MENTAL SKILLS PROGRAM COORDINATOR
Josh Lifrak 

MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATORS
John Baker
David da Silva 
Raymond Fuentes 

COACHES
Ben Carhart 
Michael Carter 
Keoni DeRenne
Steve Lerud 
Darnell McDonald
Osmin Melendez
Manny Olivera
Lance Rymel
Anderson Tavarez 
Jamie Vermilyea 
Desi Wilson 
Enrique Wilson 

TRAINING COORDINATOR
Chuck Baughman  

TRAINERS
James Edwards 
Sean Folan
Logan Severson 

STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COORDINATOR
Doug Jarrow 

STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COACHES
Ryan Clausen 
Keegan Knoll
Jason Moriss 
Ryan Nordtvedt