MLB Roster Rules Presented by Arizona Phil

Everything you ever needed to know about the complexities of major league and minor league roster rules thanks to the hard work of Arizona Phil.

LAST UPDATED: September 2022

MLB Reserve List (40-Man Roster)

Information on the MLB Reserve List (aka "40-man roster").

MLB Roster Limits

Each MLB club is permitted to reserve no more than 40 players on its MLB Reserve List, which is why the MLB Reserve List is also called the "40-man roster."

Each MLB club is required to roster at least 25 players but no more than 26 players (formerly a 24 player minimum and a 25 player maximum limit) on its MLB Active List (now known as the "26-man roster") beginning on MLB Opening Day up through 11:59 PM (Eastern) on August 31st, and then 28 players (formerly a 24 player minimum and a 40 player maximum limit) beginning on September 1st and extending through the last game of the MLB regular season. A club's MLB Active List roster must revert back to 26 players again for post-season play (LDS, LCS, and World Series). 
NOTE-1: In the event of an unusual or unavoidable circumstance (such as a multi-player trade, multiple trades made at about the same time, and/or multiple waiver claims awarded at about the same time, where several players have been acquired but have not yet reported), a club's MLB Active List roster can temporarily go below 25 players (beginning on MLB Opening Day and extending through August 31st) or below 28 (beginning on September 1st and extending up through the conclusion of the MLB regular season), but for no more than 48 hours. 
NOTE-2: The expanded roster limit (28-man limit) will be in effect through May 1, 2022.  

If a player is placed on the MLB CoViD-19 Related Injured List or on the Restricted List as the result of not being vaccinated, the player can be temporarily replaced on the MLB Active List roster by any player in the organization. When the player on the CoViD-19 IL or Restricted List is reinstated, the replacement player can be reassigned back to the minor league affiliate from which he was selected without requiring an Optional Assignment or Outright Assignment.
NOTE-1: The replacement player accrues one day of MLB Service Time for each day spent on the MLB Acrive List, but is not charged with an optional or outright assignment when sent back to the minor league affiliate.
NOTE-2: If a pitcher starts a game and pitches at least four innings and then is subsequently placed on the CoViD-19 Related Injured List or on the Restricted List for not being vaccinated, he cannot be replaced on the Active List roster for at least four days.

If MLB regular season games are scheduled prior to MLB Opening Day (for example, if MLB games are played in Japan, Mexico, Australia, etc), the MLB Commissioner will determine the Active List maximum roster limit for those games.   

Prior to the start of each MLB regular season a club must designate all players on its Opening Day 26-man Active List roster as either a "position-player," a "pitcher," or a "two-way player" (but only if the player already qualifies as a "two-way player") and once so designated the player's position designation cannot be changed for the balance of that season unless a "position-player" or a "pitcher" subsequently qualifies as a "two-way player" and is so designated during the course of the season. 
NOTE: This rule has been suspended through June 19, 2022.  

A maximum of 13 players on an MLB Active List can be designated as "pitchers" (14 "pitchers" maximum when rosters expand from 26 to 28 beginning on 9/1). 
NOTE: This rule has been suspended through June 19, 2022.

For players who are recalled from an Optional Assignment or who have their contact selected and are added to an MLB Active List during the MLB regular season, the club must designate the player as either a "position player," a "pitcher, or a "two-way player" (if the player already qualifies as a "two-way player") when the player is placed on the club's MLB Active List roster.
NOTE: Since there is no limit on the number of "pitchers" who can be on a minor league club's active list roster, the "position-player," "pitcher," and "two-way player" designations are not used in the minor leagues.  

A player designated as a "position-player" can pitch in a game only if his club is winning or losing by more than six runs at the time he enters the game or if the game has gone to extra innings.  

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a "two-way player" on an MLB Active List who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction (so called "Tommy John surgery") can be temporarily assigned as a "pitcher" to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes while remaining eligible to play in MLB games as a "position-player."  

A "position player" or a "pitcher" can be designated as a "two-way player" (and does not count against the maximum 13 pitchers allowed) if the player has thrown at least 20 IP during the course of the current MLB season or threw at least 20 IP in either of the two previous MLB seasons - AND - has started at least 20 games as a position player (including DH) and with at least three plate appearances in at least 20 of the games started as a position-player in the current MLB season or started at least 20 games as a position player (including DH) and with at least three plate appearances in at least 20 of the games started as a position-player in either of the two previous MLB seasons.   
NOTE-1: A "position-player" or a "pitcher" can qualify as a "two-way player" only if he has thrown at least 20 IP during the course of the current MLB season or threw at least 20 IP in the previous MLB seasons - AND - has started at least 20 games as a position player (including DH) and with at least three plate appearances in at least 20 of the games started as a position player in the current MLB season or started at least 20 games as a position player (including DH) and with at least three plate appearances in at least 20 of the games started as a position player in the previous MLB season.   

If a player who was designated a "two-way player" prior to the start of a season because he automatically qualified as a "two-way player" by virtue of meeting the "two-way player" requirements during a previous season but then was to fall below the IP and/or G/PA threshold by the end of the current season, he would not automatically qualify as a "two-way player" again at the start of the next season (he would count as a either a "position player" or a "pitcher" until he could re-establish himself as a  "two-way player").     

No more than 15 players (formerly no more than 16 players) on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) may be on Optional Assignment at any one time prior to September 1st, and no more than twelve players may be on Optional Assignment at any one time beginning on September 1st and extending through the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

"Position-players" who are optioned to the minors generally must remain on Optional Assignment for at least ten days and "pitchers" and a "two-way players" who are optioned to the minors generally must remain on Optional Assignment for at least 15 days. (A "position-player" optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first ten days of the MLB regular season, and a "pitcher" or a "two-way player" optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first 15 days of the MLB regular season).
EXCEPTIONS: The only exceptions are if the player is traded or claimed off waivers, recalled as the "27th man" for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed or suspended game from the previous day), or is recalled to replace a player on the MLB Active List (26-man roster) who is traded, claimed off waivers, or placed on the MLB Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, or Paternity Leave List, or the Restricted List (but only pursuant to a suspension or administrative leave resulting from a violation or possible violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDV policy or a suspension resulting from a violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDPTP policy).

A club can recall a player ("position-player," "pitcher," or "two-way player") from a minor league Optional Assignment and place the player on its "Taxi Squad" for one day. If the player is not added to his club's MLB Active List by 3 PM (Eastern) the next day or at least three hours prior to the scheduled start of the next day's game (whichever is later), the player must be removed from the Taxi Squad and returned to his minor league assignment. A player on the Taxi Squad does not count against his club's MLB Active List or the minor league affiliate's active roster, and the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while on the Taxi Squad.
NOTE: The most common reasons to recall a player and place him on the Taxi Squad is when a club is considering whether to place a player on the Injured List (or other MLB inactive list) but has not yet decided, or if a trade is imminent but has not yet been consummated. 
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A club can carry up to five minor league players (one must be a catcher) signed to minor league contracts on its MLB Taxi Squad who can be temporarily added to the club's MLB Active List roster to replace a player who is placed on the CoViD-19 IL.   

A club can temporarily add one additional player (can be either a "position-player," a "pitcher," or a "two-way player") to its MLB Active List on any day where two games are scheduled (not including a day where the first game is the completion of a suspended game), as long as the second game was not scheduled as the result of a game that was postponed earlier in that series. If the postponed or suspended game was from earlier in the series, the additional player can be temporarily added to a club's MLB Active List for the second game only. Also, adding an additional player to a club's MLB Active List can be authorized by the MLB Commissioner for any game(s) involving unusual travel circumstances and/or any game(s) played in a non-MLB city or country.
NOTE: The distinction between "position player," "pitcher," and "two-way player" will not be made through May 1, 2022.  

1. The player temporarily added to the club's MLB Active List must be on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or has to be added to the club's 40-man roster that day.

2. The player temporarily added to the club's MLB Active List does not have to be a pitcher.

3. In the case of two games being scheduled on the same day where a player is temporarily added to a club's MLB Active List, the extra player cannot be switched between games.

4. A minor league player can be added to a club's Active List as the extra player even if he has not spent ten days (for a position-player) or 15 days (for a pitcher) on Optional Assignment (or Outright Assignment) prior to being added.
.    
7. A player added to a club's MLB Active List as the extra player can remain on the Active List and a different player can be dropped the next day, as long as the extra player was not called up from the minors prior to spending at least ten days (for a "position-player") or 15 days (for a "pitcher" or for a "two-way player") on Optional or Outright Assignment. However, a player called up as the extra player prior to spending at least ten days (for a "position-player") or 15 days (for a "pitcher" or for a "two-way player") on Optional or Outright Assignment could remain on the club's MLB Active List 26-man roster if the player replaces a player who is placed on the Injured List (or other MLB inactive list) the next day.    

8. If a player is temporarily recalled as the extra player and then is optioned or outrighted back to the minors the next day, the "10-day rule" clock (for "position-players") or "15-day rule clock" (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players") that prohibits a player from being recalled until he has spent at least ten days (for "position-players") or 15 days (for "pitchers" or for "two-way players") on Optional or Outright Assignment (unless he is replacing a player who is placed on the Injured List or other MLB inactive list) does not start over again. However many days toward ten (for a "position-player") or 15 (for a" pitcher" or for a "two-way player") that the player spent on Optional or Outright Assignment prior to being recalled as the extra man counts toward the ten days (for a "position-player") or 15 days (for a "pitcher" or for a "two-way player").    

A player temporarily added to a club's MLB Active List for a doubleheader or other circumstances accrues one day of MLB Service Time.

Adding Players to MLB Reserve List

Only players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) can be placed on an MLB Active List.

A free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a Major League contract must be added to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) when he is added to an MLB Active List or when the contract is filed with the MLB Commissioner (whichever comes first). Contracts must be filed with the MLB Commissioner within 20 days of signing.

A club must add a player to its MLB Reserve List immediately if the player is acquired as the result of a waiver claim, or if a player on another club's 40-man roster is acquired in a trade, or if a player is selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft. 
NOTE: A player has up to 72 hours to report after being assigned from one MLB club to another. The player counts against the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) as soon as the trade is filed with the MLB Commissioner, but the player does not count against the club's MLB Active List (26-man roster) until he physically reports to the club and is in uniform. 

A player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the Injured List no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the final game of the World Series, and all other players on an MLB 60-day Injured List must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. A player on a minor league club's Injured List must be reinstated no later than September 30th, even if the player was on the minor league club's 60-day Injured List and did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. 

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is given his Outright Release during the period of time extending from September 1st through the day prior to MLB Opening Day cannot be re-signed and added back to the MLB 40-man roster of the club that released the player until May 15th, and a player on an MLB 40-man roster who is given his Outright Release during the period of time extending from MLB Opening Day through August 31st cannot be re-signed and added back to the MLB Active List of the club that released the player for at least 30 days.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is given his Outright Release during the period of time extending from September 15, 2020, through March 31, 2021 cannot be re-signed and added back to the MLB Reserve List of the club that released the player until May 15, 2021.   

A player can be placed on his club's Military List within 15 days of the date he is scheduled to report for duty, but only if the player is no longer physically with the club. A player on the Military List must be reinstated within 15 days after being released from service but a player on the Military List can spend up to 15 days on a minor league "conditioning" assignment prior to being reinstated to an MLB or minor league reserve list, and a player who is reinstated from the Military List after the MLB Rule 5 Draft but prior to MLB Opening Day does not count against his club's Reserve List until MLB Opening Day, or up to 15 days after MLB Opening Day if the player is on a minor league "conditioning" assignment during that period of time.   

An MLB player who is on the Voluntary Retired List or on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Voluntary Retired List or on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season).     

An MLB player who is on the Disqualified List or on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave or a suspension for violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy cannot be reinstated from August 1st through October 31st without consent of the MLB Commissioner, and a minor league player on the Disqualified List or on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension for a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program cannot be reinstated from August 1st through the end of his club's season (including post-season) without consent of the MLB Commissioner. 

A player on the Ineligible List must be added back to his club's reserve list within 30 days after reinstatement if he is reinstated during the period of time beginning on the mandatory Spring Training reporting date and extending through July 31st or by Opening Day if he is reinstated during the off-season, and a player on the Restricted List or Disqualified List must be added back to his club's Reserve List 30 days after reinstatement or when he is placed on the club's Active List (whichever comes first) if the player is reinstated during the period of time beginning on the mandatory Spring Training reporting date and extending through the last day of the regular season or within 14 days after reinstatement if the player is reinstated during the off-season, but if the player is assigned to another club while on the Restricted List he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately after reinstatement.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List must spend at least 60 days of the regular season on the list before he can apply for reinstatement. If the player is placed on the Voluntary Retired List within 60 days of the conclusion of the regular season, the balance of the 60 days would carry-over into the next season.

In addition, an MLB club generally has the option to add any player who is on the reserve list of one of its minor league affiliates to its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) at any time. 

The exceptions are:

1. A player on a minor league reserve list who is eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB 40-man roster during the period of time beginning with the filing of MLB and minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday, or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft.

2. A "position-player" who was sent outright to the minors generally cannot have his contract selected and be added back to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) for at least ten days and a "pitcher" or a "two-way player" who was sent outright to the minors generally cannot have his contract selected and be added back to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) for at least 15 days. (A "position-player" outrighted to the minors during Spring Training generally cannot have his contract selected and be added back to his club's MLB 40-man roster for the first ten days of the MLB regular season and a "pitcher" or a "two-way player" who is outrighted to the minors during Spring Training generally cannot have his contract selected and be added back to his club's MLB 40-man roster for the first 15 days of the MLB regular season). The only exceptions are if the "position-player," "pitcher," or "two-way player" is temporarily called-up as the extra player for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed game from earlier in the series) or other circumstances, or is called-up to replace a player on the MLB Active List who is traded, claimed off waivers, or placed on the MLB Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity Leave List, or Restricted List (but only pursuant to a suspension or administrative leave resulting from a violation or possible violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDV policy or a suspension resulting from a violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDPTP policy).
NOTE: A player temporarily called up as an extra man for a doubleheader or other circumstances can remain on the Active List and a different player can be dropped the next day, as long as the extra man was not called up from the minors prior to spending at least ten days ("position-player") or 15 days ("pitcher" or "two-way player") on Optional or Outright Assignment. However, a player temporarily called up as an extra man prior to spending at least ten days ("position-player") or 15 days ("pitcher" or "two-way player") on Optional or Outright Assignment could remain on the MLB Active List if the player replaces a player who is traded, claimed off waivers, or placed on the MLB Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity Leave List, or Restricted List (but only pursuant to a suspension or administrative leave resulting from a violation or possible violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDV policy or a suspension resulting from a violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDPTP policy).   

3. If a minor league player on Outright Assignment has his contract selected and is called-up as the temporary extra man for a doublheader or other circumstances and then is either optioned or outrighted back to the minors the next day, the "10-day rule" clock (for "position players") or "15-day rule" clock (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players") that prohibits a player from being called-up after being outrighted until he has spent at least ten days ("position-player") or 15 days ("pitcher" or "two-way player") on Outright Assignment does not reset or start over again. However many days toward ten (for a "position-player") or 15 (for a "pitcher" or for a "two-way player") that the player spent on Outright Assignment prior to having his contract selected and being temporarily called-up as the extra man counts toward the ten days (for a "position-player") or 15 days (for a "pitcher" or for a "two-way player") the player must spend on Outright and/or Optional Assignment. 

4. An unsigned minor league player who is eligible to be an MLB Rule 9 (formerly MLB Rule 55) minor league free-agent (player was previously released in his career and/or player has spent all or part of at least seven separate seasons on a minor league active list or disabled list) cannot be unilaterally added (by selection) to his club's MLB 40-man roster any later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is canceled). 

5. A player who has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract can be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a Major League contract after July 1st. A player who is "Signed for Future Service" by an MLB club must be placed on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), and cannot play in MLB or in the minor leagues until Opening Day of the following season. (Attendance at a post-season Instructional League and/or participation in Instructional League games do not count). A player on an MLB 40-man roster who is "Signed for Future Service" cannot be sent to the minors by Optional or Outright Assignment any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day (same as a Draft-Excluded Player).
NOTE: Beginning in 2012, players signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft, players signed as Non-Drafted Free-Agents (NDFA) after being eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 4 Draft, and international players subject to the International Signing Bonus Pool rule, cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

Roster Status of Signed & Unsigned Players on MLB Reserve List

After the conclusion of the MLB season, only those players on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who have contracts for the following season are considered "signed players," but the other players on the 40-man roster are still under club control (they are "reserved").

Unsigned players on an MLB club's Reserve List (40-man roster) would include any player who was added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, any player who can have his contract unilaterally renewed by his club, any player who is eligible for salary arbitration, and any player eligible to be an MLB free-agent per Article XX-B of the CBA.

Restrictions on Trading Players

Technically, a baseball trade is called a Trade Assignment (similar in kind to an Optional Assignment or Outright Assignment). 

Generally, an MLB club can trade a player on its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and minor league reserve lists at any time.  However, there are a few restrictions:

1. A trade involving a player signed to an MLB contract (including any player on an MLB Reserve List, MLB 60-day Injured List, or MLB Restricted List, and/or any player who was outrighted to the minors after signing an MLB contract for that season) is prohibited beginning at 4 PM (Eastern) on July 31st (or 4 PM Eastern on Friday July 30th if July 31st falls on a Saturday, or 4 PM Eastern on Monday August 1st if July 31st falls on a Sunday) and extending until the day after the final game of the World Series.  
NOTE-1: Beginning with the 2022 season, the MLB Commissioner has the authority to establish the MLB Trade Deadline on any day over the seven-day period July 28 - August 3. The 2022 MLB Trade Deadline is 6 PM (Eastern) on Tuesday August 2nd.
NOTE-2: Trade Assignment Waivers (which permitted the trading of players on MLB reserve lists after the July 31st deadline up until 12 PM Eastern on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season) were eliminated starting with the 2019 season. 

PLAYERS OUTRIGHTED TO MINORS AFTER SIGNING 2022 MLB CONTRACT: (updated 8-4-2022)
Greg Deichmann, OF 
Clint Jackson Frazier, OF 
Matt Swarmer, RHP 
 
2. A trade involving a player on a minor league reserve list who is not an outrighted player is prohibited beginning at 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season through the last day of the MLB regular season (including a day on which a regular season game is played after the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season).   

3. A player who signs after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be traded until after the conclusion of the World Series (no earlier than 9 AM on the day after the final game of the World Series), or for 90 days if the player signs after the World Series. 
NOTE: Previously, a player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft could not be traded until the first anniversary of the player signing his first contract.  

4. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, beginning with the filing of MLB & minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) and extending through the completion of the Rule 5 Draft.

5. A player cannot be traded while he is on waivers.

6. A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who has a contractual "no trade" right can waive this right if he so chooses.

PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST WITH CONTRACTUAL "NO-TRADE" RIGHT: (updated 3-18-2021)
Seiya Suzuki, OF  

7. A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who has accrued at least ten years of MLB Service Time with at least the last five years of MLB Service Time accrued with the same club (a so-called "10/5" player) has an automatic "no trade" right for as long as he remains with that club. The player can waive this right if he so chooses.

"10/5" PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST: (updated 10-31-2020)
Jason Heyward, OF 

8. An Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series has an automatic "no trade" right through June 15th. The player can waive this right, but if he does he can be traded only for cash and/or player contracts with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000. N
NOTE: An Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a minor league contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series does NOT receive an automatic "no trade" right, even if the player is later added to the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster).  

POST-2022 ARTICLE XX-B MLB PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST: (updated 6-16-2022)
TBD  

9. If a "Player to Be Named Later" (PTBNL) is part of a trade, the PTBNL cannot be on an MLB Active List at any time beginning when the trade is executed (filed with the MLB office) up until when the trade is completed. A PTBNL can be either a specific player or the PTBNL can be selected from a list of players or a class of players as determined by the clubs (in writing) when the trade is executed. 
NOTE: Beginning in 2015, a player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be a PTBNL in any trade made prior to the conclusion of the World Series. Clubs have six months to agree on a PTBNL, but the clubs can agree (when the trade is executed) on a deadline that is less than six months. A cash payment (typically $50,000 for trades involving players on the 40-man roster) can be substituted for a PTBNL if no agreement can be reached within six months, but the alternative cash payment must be agreeable to both clubs and stated in writing when the trade is executed. 

10. A player on an MLB or minor league injured list can be traded, even if the player is not eligible to be reinstated and/or healthy enough to play.
NOTE: As far as a player having to spend a certain number of days on an IL before he is eligible to be reinstated is concerned, in the case of a trade, time already spent on an injured list is carried-over to the player's new club. 

11. If a player is acquired in a trade and is optioned to the minors by his new club within 24 hours, the player can be recalled from the Optional Assignment at any time without restriction (so that the "ten-day rule" for position players and the "15-day rule" for pitchers & two-way players as it pertains to the minimum number of days a player must spend on optional assignment before he can be recalled would not apply).

MLB Service Time

An MLB regular season (AKA "championship season") must be at least 182 days but no more than 187 days (186 days in 2019) so as to accommodate more off days during the course of the season.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: The MLB regular season will be only 67 days in 2020, so MLB Service Time accrued in 2020 will be pro-rated (multiplied) based upon the ratio of 67 days to 186 days. (Each day accrued in 2020 will be worth approximately 2.78 days of MLB Service Time). 

2020 MLB SERVICE TIME CONVERTER
(ACTUAL # OF DAYS = 2020 CoViD-19 # OF DAYS)
1 = 3 
2 = 6 
3 = 8 
4 = 11 
5 = 14 
6 = 17 
7 = 20 
8 = 22
9 = 25 
10 = 28 
11 = 31 
12 = 33 
13 = 36 
14 = 39 
15 = 41 
16 = 44 
17 = 47 
18 = 50 
19 = 53 
20 = 56 
21 = 58 
22 = 61 
23 = 64 
24 = 67 
25 = 70 
26 = 72 
27 = 75 
28 = 78 
29 = 81 
30 = 83 
31 = 86 
32 = 89 
33 = 92 
34 = 95 
35 = 97 
36 = 100 
37 = 103 
38 = 106 
39 = 108 
40 = 111 
41 = 114 
42 = 117 
43 = 120 
44 = 122 
45 = 125 
46 = 128 
47 = 131
48 = 133 
49 = 136 
50 = 139 
51 = 142 
52 = 145 
53 = 147 
54 = 150 
55 = 153 
56 = 156 
57 = 158 
58 = 161 
59 = 164 
60 = 167 
61 = 170 
62 = 172 
63 = 175 
64 = 178 
65 = 181 
66 = 183 
67 = 186 

1. A player cannot get credit for more than 172 days of MLB Service Time in any one MLB championship season (MLB regular season).

2. MLB Service Time is counted beginning on MLB Opening Day up through the last day of the MLB regular season (including any day a make-up game for a postponed game and/or a tie-breaker game is scheduled after the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season).
NOTE: Because of CoViD-19, 2020 MLB Opening Day was postponed until July 23rd. 

3. MLB Service Time can only be accrued during the MLB championship season (MLB regular season). MLB Service Time cannot be accrued during the MLB post-season (Wild Card game, LDS, LCS, and World Series).

4. If an MLB regular season game or games are scheduled during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day), only players on the MLB Active List or on an MLB Injured List or other MLB inactive list of the clubs participating in the games(s) accrue MLB Service Time. This would apply to any MLB regular season game(s) known as "international openers" that may be scheduled in Australia, Japan, Mexico, etc, during Spring Training and prior to MLB Opening Day. Otherwise, MLB Service Time cannot be accrued during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day).

5. A player on an MLB Reserve List accrues a day of MLB Service Time for each day of the MLB regular season spent on an MLB Active List or on an MLB 7-day, 10-day, 15-day, or 60-day Injured List (including days spent on a Minor League Injury Rehabilitation assignment), Paternity Leave List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Suspended List, or Military List, or on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension for violation of the MLB-MLBPA JDPTP or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA JDV policy.
EXCEPTION: Beginning in December 2016, a player suspended as the result of a violation of the MLB-MLBPA JDPTP will - NOT - receive credit for MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List unless it's the player's first or second positive test and the length of the suspension is subsequently reduced by at least 20 games by an arbitrator as the result of mitigating circumstances.

6. A player does not accrue MLB Service Time for days spent on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, or Voluntary Retired List, or for days spent on the Restricted List for any reason other than a Prohibited Substance or Domestic Violence suspension.

7. A player traded during the MLB regular season continues to accrue MLB Service Time after being traded but before reporting to his new club.

8. A player who is Designated for Assignment (DFA) accrues MLB Service Time for the entire period of time he is Designated for Assignment during the MLB regular season, but if the player is Designated for Assignment prior to the start of the MLB regular season and the DFA period extends into the MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while he is Designated for Assignment.

9. If a player spends at least 20 days on Optional Assignment to the minors in a given MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time for the days spent on Optional Assignment.
NOTE: Days spent on Optional Assignment during Spring Training (prior to MLB Opening Day) do not count toward the 20 days.

10. If a player is optioned to the minors, the player is not credited with a day of MLB Service Time for the day the player is optioned to the minors unless the player is optioned during or after the conclusion of an MLB regular season game played by his club that day. If a player is recalled from a minor league Optional Assignment, the player receives credit for a day of MLB Service Time beginning with the day the player is recalled.

11. A player can be optioned to any of his club's minor league affiliates whose season (including post-season) is still in progress as long as the player has not exceeded the maximum number of professional seasons allowed for players at that level, but if the regular season (and post-season) of all four of the MLB club's full-season minor league affiliates have concluded, a player may be optioned to the club's Spring Training Complex in September.   

12. If a player is optioned to his club's Spring Training Complex in September because all of his club's minor league affiliates have concluded their regular seasons and post-seasons, the player will accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment. 

13. If a player who was on an MLB Active List and/or MLB inactive list(s) as of June 1st and remains on an MLB Active List and/or MLB inactive list(s) continuously up until being optioned, and then is optioned to the minors anytime during the period of time beginning on September 1st and extending through to the last day of the MLB regular season, the player accrues MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment even if the player spends 20 or more days on Optional Assignment, if without the MLB Service Time accrued in September he would not be eligible for salary arbitration or to be an Article XX-B free-agent.

14. If a player is optioned to the minors prior to accruing MLB Service Time that season (for example, if the player is optioned to the minors prior to MLB Opening Day) and then is released or sent outright to the minors prior to spending at least 20 days on Optional Assignment and then is not added to an MLB Active List for the balance of that MLB regular season, the time spent on Optional Assignment prior to being released or outrighted does - NOT - count as MLB Service Time.

15. Beginning in 2022, a player who finishes in 1st or 2nd place in BBWAA Rookie of the Year voting will automatically receive a full year of MLB Service Time for that season. 

MLB Contracts

Tendering Contracts to Unsigned Players on MLB Reserve List

If an unsigned player on an MLB Reserve List is not tendered a contract by 8 PM (Eastern) on December 2nd (or December 1st if December 2nd falls on a Saturday, or November 30th if December 2nd falls on a Sunday), the player is said to be "Non-Tendered," he is immediately removed from his club's MLB 40-man roster, and he becomes an unrestricted free-agent, free to sign a major league or minor league contract with any club, including the club that non-tendered the player.
EXCEPTION: With the 2016-21 CBA set to expire on December 1, 2021, MLB owners and the MLBPA agreed to move the MLB contract tender date for the 2022 season up from December 2nd to November 30th.  

A "Non-Tendered" player receives no termination pay, and the player's former club receives no compensation if the player subsequently signs with another club.

Unlike players who receive an outright release, a player who is not tendered a contract is not placed on waivers prior to becoming a free-agent.  

Each unsigned player on an MLB 40-man roster who is tendered a contract must be offered at least the MLB minimum salary ($700,000 in 2022, $720,000 in 2023, $740,000 in 2024, $760,000 in 2025, and $780,000 in 2026) and (with a couple of exceptions) at least 80% of the player's previous season's salary, and at least 70% of the player's salary from two seasons back.

Some players have a "minor league split" salary in their contract which they are paid if they are sent to the minors. In most cases, a player's minor league "split" salary must be at least 50% of the player's salary (as was actually paid to the player) from the previous season. The one exception is if a free-agent signs a major league contract with a minor league "split" salary, the "50% rule" does not apply. 

The minor league "split" minimum salary is $114,100 in 2022, $117,400 in 2023, $120,600 in 2024, $123,900 in 2025, and $127,100 in 2026, and the minor league "split" minimum salary for players who are on an MLB Reserve List for the first time is $57,050 in 2022, $58,700 in 2023, $60,300 in 2024, $61,950 in 2025, and $63,550 in 2026. 

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) threshold will pay a 20% tax on the portion of the payroll that exceeded the CBT threshold, a club whose payroll from both the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 30% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the two MLB seasons immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 50% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold.

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $20M will pay an additional surcharge of 12% on the portion of the club's payroll in excess of $20M over the threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will pay an additional surcharge of 42% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the threshold.
NOTE: The surcharge for a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $40M will be 45% on the portion of the payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold if the club paid a CBT tax in the both the just-concluded MLB season as well as in the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season.

Performance-Incentive Bonuses

Performance-incentive bonuses are permitted in Major League contracts, but a bonus cannot be based on batting or pitching skill, or where the club finishes in the standings.

A performance-incentive bonus can, however, be tied to days spent on an MLB Active List during the MLB regular season, and/or Games Played, Games Started, Games Finished, and/or Innings Pitched for pitchers, or Games Played, Games Started, and/or Plate Appearances for position players. Awards such as MVP, Cy Young, Silver Slugger, and/or Gold Glove, and/or being named to an All-Star team, can also be tied to an incentive bonus.

Beginning in 2022, there will be a $50M pool established by MLB clubs each season to provide bonuses for pre-arbitration (auto-renewal) players: 

$2.5M if player wins MLP or Cy Young Award;
$1.75M if player finished 2nd in MVP or Cy Young Award; 
$1.5M if player finishes 3rd in MVP or Cy Young Award voting; 
$1M if player finshes 4th or 5th in MVP or Cy Young Award voting; 
$750K if player wins Rookie of the Year  
$500K if player finished 2nd in Rookie of the Year voting. 
NOTE: A player can only receive one bonus per season. If a player is eligible for more than one bonus in a given season, he will receive the highest bonus.   

Each MLB club will contribute $1.67M to the bonus pool each season. 

Any amount of the $50M in bonus money not automatically awarded to players in a season will be distributed to the Top 100 pre-arbitration players as selected by the MLB and MLBPA (method/criteria TBD).     

Arbitration-Eligible Players

An unsigned player under club control who has accrued at least three but less than six years of MLB Service Time is automatically eligible for salary arbitration.

Also, any unsigned player with at least two years but less than three years of MLB Service Time who accrued at least 86 days of MLB Service Time during the previous season can qualify for salary arbitration as a so-called "Super Two" if the player is among the top 22% in MLB Service Time of players in that group (rounded to the nearest whole number). And if  two or more players are tied with the same MLB Service Time just above the "Super Two" threshold, all of the players with that accrued MLB ST would get "Super Two" status even if that means the number of players with "Super Two" status exceeds 22%.   
NOTE: The "Super Two" threshold post-2021 is two years plus 116 days of MLB Service Time (or 2+116). Because it is based on a percentage, the "Super Two" threshold fluctuates from year-to-year (it was  2+125 post-2020, 2+115 post-2019, 2+134 MLB ST post-2018, 2+123 post-2017, 2+131 post-2016, 2+130 post-2015, 2+133 post-2014, 2+122 post-2013, 2+140 post-2012, 2+145 post-2011, 2+122 in 2010, and 2+139 in 2009). 

Besides gaining the right to request salary arbitration and have that right four times instead of just three times, being a "Super Two" player also means the player can elect free-agency if outrighted even though he has not yet accrued three years of MLB Service Time and even if he has not been outrighted previously in his career (however, unlike a player who has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time and/or has been outrighted previously in his career and who therefore has the option to elect free-agency immediately or else defer the choice until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, a "Super Two ' player who has not been outrighted previously in his career must make his choice immediately upon being outrighted). 

UNSIGNED PLAYERS ELIGIBLE FOR SALARY ARBITRATION POST-2022: (last updated 9-17-2022)
Steven Brault, LHP
Ian Happ, OF 
Codi Heuer, P 
Nico Hoerner, INF 
Nick Madrigal, INF ("Super Two") 
Alec Mills, RHP 
Rafael Ortega, OF ("Super Two") 
Franmil Reyes, OF 
Adrian Sampson (possible "Super Two" - TBD) 
Rowan Wick, RHP 
Brad Wieck, LHP 

If a club and a player eligible for salary arbitration cannot agree on a contract, the player can request the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) to file for salary arbitration. The MLBPA is responsible for delivering all requests for salary arbitration to the MLB Labor Relations Department (MLB LRD) on the Tuesday immediately prior to the Friday that falls during the week January 10-16. Once salary arbitration has been requested, the player submits his desired salary to the MLBPA, the club submits its salary offer to the MLB LRD, and the MLBPA and MLB LRD exchange the two figures on the Friday that falls during the week January 10-16. The MLBPA and MLB LRD then schedule a hearing with a three-person arbitration panel. Hearings are held on various dates during the first three weeks of February.

The club's offer must be at least the MLB minimum salary, and, in most cases, must be at least 80% of the player's previous year's salary and at least 70% of the player's salary from two seasons back. However, if the player received a raise in excess of 50% by a salary arbitration panel the previous season, a 20% maximum salary reduction from the previous season and a 30% maximum salary reduction from two seasons back does not apply, and the club only has to offer at least the MLB minimum salary.

UNSIGNED FOR 2022 - RECEIVED RAISE IN EXCESS OF 50% BY ARBITRATION PANEL IN PRIOR SEASON: (last updated 3 - 22 - 2022
NONE

After arbitration has been requested, the player and the club can continue to negotiate back & forth, and the player can withdraw from the process any time up until the hearing. And in fact this frequently happens, as the player and the club will often agree to just "split the difference" (something the panel cannot do). 
NOTE: Beginning in 2022, if an arbitration-eligible player signs a contract prior to a hearing, the contract is fully guaranteed. 

If the matter does go to a hearing, the arbitration panel must choose either the club's offer or the player's figure, and win or lose, the player is awarded a standard one-year MLB contract with no "minor league split" salary or incentive/performance bonuses. Also, the contract is not guaranteed, so if the player is released during Spring Training, the club would only owe the player 30 days or 45 days salary as termination pay, depending on when the player is released. (A player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released more than 15 days prior to Opening Day receives 30 days salary as termination pay, a player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released 15 or fewer days prior to Opening Day receives 45 days salary as termination pay, and a player on an MLB Reserve List who is released during the MLB regular season receives 100% of his salary as termination pay). 
NOTE: The Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) is very sensitive about salary arbitration, so if a player is awarded a contract by an arbitration panel and then is subsequently released by his club prior to or during Spring Training, the MLBPA will almost always file a grievance on behalf of the player, claiming the player was released for economic reasons only (which is not permitted), and asking that the released player receive 100% of his salary as termination pay. In that situation, a club would have to show (by submitting official Spring Training game stats) that the released player was out-performed in Spring Training games by another player (or players) competing for that roster spot.

Pre-Arbitration (Auto-Renewal) Players

An unsigned player under club control who does not yet qualify for salary arbitration ultimately has to either accept the club's offer or just not play.

A club will negotiate with the player up to a point, but if the player has not signed a contract for the current season by March 1st, the club has the right to unilaterally dictate the player's salary and renew the player's contract from the previous season (albeit for an amount not less than the MLB minimum salary, and not less than 80% of the player's salary from the previous season and not less than 70% of the player's salary from two season's back). 

These players are the ones who have a "minor league split" salary in their contract, which the player is paid if he is sent to the minors. A player's "minor league split" salary must be at least equal to the 2022 MLB "minor league split" minimum salary and must be at least 50% of the player's salary from the previous season.
NOTE: If a free-agent signs a major league contract with a minor league "split" salary, the "50% rule" does not apply.

2023 UNSIGNED PRE-ARBITRATION (AUTO-RENEWAL) PLAYERS: (last updated 9-27-2022)
Adbert Alzolay, RHP
Miguel Amaya, C
Javier Assad, RHP 
Alexander Canario, OF 
Narciso Crook, OF 
Anderson Espinoza, RHP 
Jeremiah Estrada, RHP 
P. J. Higgins, C-INF
Caleb Kilian, RHP
Mark Leiter Jr, RHP 
Brailyn Marquez, LHP
Christopher Morel, INF
Esteban Quiroz, INF 
Alfonso Rivas, 1B-OF
Ethan Roberts, RHP 
Manuel Rodriguez, RHP
Michael Rucker, RHP 
Adrian Sampson (could be arbitration eligible as a "Super Two" - TBD)
Justin Steele, LHP
Keegan Thompson, RHP
Erich Uelmen, RHP 
Nelson Velazquez, OF
Alexander Vizcaino, RHP 
Hayden Wesneski, RHP 
Patrick Wisdom, 1NF
Jared Young, INF-OF 

Competitive Balance Tax

The Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) threshold will be $230M in 2022, $233M in 2023, $237M in 2024, $241M in 2025, and $244M in 2026. 

CALCULATING A CLUB'S COMPETITIVE BALANCE TAX (CBT) LIABILITY

For the purpose of calculating a club's CBT liability, a club's MLB payroll consists of the Average Annual Value (AAV) of player salaries and bonuses earned by players on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and MLB 60-day Injured List. 
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A club's 2020 MLB payroll is the value of the aggregate contracts prior to salaries being pro-rated due to the truncated season.  

In addition, MLB Player Benefit Costs (PBC) and the AAV of "legacy salaries" paid to players who are no longer on the club's MLB 40-man roster (such as a player who has been released or outrighted to the minors, or who is being paid a deferred salary after becoming a free-agent) are considered to be part of the club's payroll when calculating the CBT.   

FINANCIAL PENALTIES FOR EXCEEDING COMPETITIVE BALANCE TAX

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 20% tax on the portion of the payroll that exceeded the CBT threshold, a club whose payroll from both the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the MLB season immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 30% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold, and a club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season as well as from the two MLB seasons immediately prior to the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold will pay a 50% tax on the portion of the payroll from the just-concluded MLB season that exceeded the CBT threshold. 

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeded the CBT threshold by more than $20M will pay an additional surcharge of 32% on the portion of the club's payroll in excess of $20M over the threshold the first time, an additional surcharge of 42% if a club exceeds the CBT threshold by more than 20% two consecutive seasons, and an additional surcharge of 62% if a club exceeds the CBT threshold three consecutive seasons.

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeds the CBT threshold by more than $40M will pay an additional surcharge of 62.5% on the amount of the payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold, an additional surcharge of 75% on the amount of the payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold if a club exceeds the CBT threshold by more than $40M for two consecutive seasons, and a 95% surcharge on the amount of payroll in excess of $40M over the CBT threshold if a club exceeds the CBT threshold by more than $40M for three consecutive seasons. 

A club whose payroll from the just-concluded MLB season exceeds the MLB CBT threshold by more than $60M will pay an additional surcharge of 80% on the amount of payroll in excess of $60M over the CBT threshold, an additional surcharge of 90% on the amount of payroll in excess of $60M over the CBT threshold if a club's payroll is more than $60M over the CBT threshold for two consecutive seasons, and a 105% surcharge on the amount of payroll in excess of $60M over the CBT threshoild if a club's payroll is more than $60M over the CBT threshold for three consecutive seasons.

Article XX-B MLB Free-Agency

Per Article XX-B of the CBA, any player on an MLB Reserve List who has accrued at least six years of MLB Service Time and who is not signed for the following season becomes a free-agent at 9 AM (Eastern) on the first day after the final game of the World Series (or 9 AM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is cancelled).

Service time accrued while on the active roster of a foreign club(s) may be considered when determining Article XX-B and Article XIX-A contractural rights & eligibility.

The player's former club retains exclusive negotiating rights with an Article XX-B player up until 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or 5 PM Eastern on October 20th if the World Series is cancelled), after-which the player is free to sign a Major League contract (or minor league contract) with any club, including with the player's former club.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B MLB FREE-AGENTS POST-2022 (last updated 8-7-2022): 
Willson Contreras, C
Wade Miley, LHP 
Drew Smyly, LHP (mutual option) 

An Article XX-B MLB free-agent who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or after 11:59 Eastern on Octoner 20th if the World Series is cancelled) receives automatic "no trade" rights that extend through June 15th of the following season, even if the player re-signs with his former club. An Article XX-B MLB Free-Agent who receives "no trade" rights this way can waive the right, but if he does, his club can trade the player only for player contracts and/or cash with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000. Note that a player who signs a Major League contract after becoming a free-agent by any other means (Outright Release, Non-Tendered, or Article XX-D or MLB Rule 55 minor league free-agent) does NOT receive automatic "no trade" rights through June 15th.

POST-2022 ARTICLE XX-B MLB PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 6-16-2022):
NONE    

If an Article XX-B MLB free-agent signs a minor league contract at least ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then is either not released by 12 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day prior to MLB Opening Day or added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or MLB 60-day Disabled List by 12 PM (Eastern) on MLB Opening Day, the player automatically receives a $100,000 retention bonus, and the player can unilaterally opt-out of the minor league contract on June 1st if he has not been added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or an MLB Disabled List by that date.

POST-2021 ARTICLE XX-B MLB PLAYERS SIGNED TO 2022 MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACT (updated 4-2-2022): 
NONE

Compensation for Loss of Article XX-B Qualified Player

An Article XX-B free-agent is designated a "Qualified Player" if the player spent the entire immediately-preceding MLB regular season on a club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) and/or on one or more of the club's inactive lists (7-day, 10-day, and/or 60-day Injured List, Military List, Paternity Leave List, etc) and/or on the Active List or an inactive list (7-day or 60-day Injured List, Military List, Temporarily Inactive List, etc) of one or more minor league affiliates of that club, and the club offers the player a guaranteed contract (known as a "Qualifying Offer") for the following season. 
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2017 off-season, a player cannot receive more than one Qualifying Offer in his career. 

CUBS POST-2021 ARTICLE XX-B FREE-AGENTS NOT ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE QO: (last updated 8-12-2021)
NONE  

The Qualifying Offer must include a salary at least equal to the average salary of the 125 highest-paid MLB players from the previous season. The exact amount of the average salary of the 125 highes-paid MLB players from the previous season will be communicated by the MLB Labor Relations Department (LRD) simultaneously to all MLB clubs and the Major League Baseball Player's Association (MLBPA) within ten days after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

2022 QUALIFYING OFFER MINIMUM SALARY: $18.4M (was $18.9M in 2021)

To be valid, a Qualifying Offer must be extended by a club no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or no later than 5 PM on October 20th if the World Series is cancelled). The LRD then provides the MLBPA with a list of players receiving valid Qualifying Offers and the amount of each offer.

MLB clubs are not permitted to extend a Qualifying Offer to an Article XX-B MLB free-agent if the player has agreed in advance to decline the offer so that the club will obtain a compensatory draft pick once the player signs with another club.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-B QUALIFIED PLAYERS POST-2021 (last updated 2-12-2020):
TBA

The Qualified Player has until 5 PM (Eastern) on the 10th day after receiving the offer to decide whether to accept or decline. If the Qualified Player accepts the offer, he is considered "signed" and must be immediately added back to his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster). If he declines the offer, the player is free to sign with any MLB club, including his former club.
NOTE: Prior to the post-2017 off-season, a player had seven days to decide whether to accept a QO. 

If a Qualified Player subsequently signs a Major League contract with another (different) MLB club on or before the day prior to the MLB Rule 4 Draft (MLB First-Year Player Draft), the player's former club (the club that lost the Qualified Player) normally will receive a compensatory draft pick in the MLB Rule 4 Draft between the 2nd & 3rd rounds (after Competitive Balance Round "B").
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would receive a compensatory draft pick immediately after the conclusion of the 1st round (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") - IF - the Qualified Player signs a contract worth at least $50M (the club would receive a compensatory draft pick between the 2nd & 3rd rounds and after Competitive Balance Round "B" if the Qualified Player signs a contract worth less than $50M), and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would receive a draft pick between the 4th & 5th rounds.
NOTE: If more than one club receives the same type of compensatory pick, the draft order for the comp picks is the same as it is for all other rounds in that draft (clubs select in inverse order of league standings from the previous season, and in the case of two clubs finishing with the same record the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie, and if the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie).

If a Qualified Player signs a Major League contract with another (different) club on the day of or anytime after the MLB Rule 4 Draft, or if a Qualified Player signs a minor league contract with another (different) club and either remains in the minor leagues or is later added to that club's MLB 40-man roster, the player's new club does NOT forfeit a Rule 4 Draft pick, and the player's former club does NOT receive Rule 4 Draft pick compensation. However, MLB clubs are not permitted to sign a Qualified Player to a minor league contract just to avoid losing a draft pick.

An MLB club that signs a Qualified Player (not including its own Qualified Players) to a Major League contract prior to the Rule 4 Draft deadline forfeits its 2nd highest selection in the next MLB Rule 4 Draft and $500,000 is subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP) for each Qualified Player signed.
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would surrender its 3rd highest selection in the draft but nothing is subtracted from the club's ISBP in the next full ISP, and an MLB club that is a CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would forfeit its 2nd & 5th selection in the draft and have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP for each Qualified Player signed.
NOTE: The Competitive Balance Tax threshold will be $230M in 2022, $233M in 2023, $237M in 2024, $241M in 2025, and $244M in 2026. 

The next highest Rule 4 Draft pick (or draft picks) will be forfeited if a club signs more than one Qualified Player (one draft pick forfeited for each Qualified Player signed).
NOTE: A CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would forfeit its 3rd & 6th highest selections if the club signs a second Qualified Player, its 4th & 7th selections if the club signs a third Qualified Player, and its 8th & 9th highest selections, 10th & 11th highest selections, etc, for additional Qualified Players signed. 

Draft picks subject to forfeiture include the club's own Rule 4 Draft picks, compensatory draft picks awarded to the club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player, and draft picks awarded as the result of the Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Pick lottery (including draft picks that were subsequently acquired in a trade). Competitive Balance draft picks (including Competitive Balance draft picks acquired in a trade) and a compensatory draft pick awarded to a club for failing to sign a pick from a previous Rule 4 Draft are - NOT - subject to forfeiture.
NOTE: Prior to the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks were subject to forfeiture.

A Rule 4 Draft pick forfeited as the result of a club signing a Qualified Player is not transferred to any other club (it just disappears).

A Qualified Player who signs a Major League contract after 11:59 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series receives automatic "no trade" rights that extend through June 15th of the following season, even if the player re-signs with his former club. A Qualified Player who receives "no trade" rights this way can waive the right, but if he does, his club can trade the player only for player contracts and/or cash with a maximum aggregate value of $50,000.

MLB Rule 5 Draft

The MLB Rule 5 Draft is held on the 2nd Thursday in December and is presently the last order of business at the MLB WINTER MEETINGS.
NOTE: The Major League Phase of the 2021 MLB Rule 5 Draft was cancelled 

It is a mechanism that allows MLB clubs to select (draft) players off minor league reserve lists.

There is a "Major League Phase" where an MLB club can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs (any minor league classification) for $100,000 ("Major League Phase" Rule 5 Draft price increased from $50,000 to $100,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft), and a "AAA Phase" where a club's AAA minor league affiliate can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a lower classification (below AAA) for $24,000 (Rule 5 "AAA Phase" draft price increased from $12,000 to $24,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft).
NOTE: Effective December 2016, the "AA Phase" (where a club's AA minor league affiliate could select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a classification below AA for $4,000) has been eliminated.

There is no limit on the number of rounds in each phase (there could be one, there could be three, there could be five or more). As long as at least one club is still selecting players, the phase will continue, but as soon as all 30 teams have a full reserve list (so that clubs can no longer make selections) or have passed, the phase is over.

There is no limit on the number of Rule 5 Draft-eligible players any one organization can lose in a Rule 5 Draft.

Rule 5 Draft order is based upon the inverse order of winning percentages from the previous season. If the winning percentages of two or more clubs are the same, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season picks first. If two or more clubs are still tied, league standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.
NOTE: The Cubs will have the #7 slot in the 2021 Rule 5 Draft.


RULE 5 DRAFT ELIGIBILITY

1. A minor league player who was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract is eligible for selection starting with the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.

2. If a player signs his first contract after the conclusion of the season of the MLB or minor league club to which he is first assigned (even if he signs prior to the Rule 5 Draft), the next season is considered to be the player's "first qualified season" for Rule 5 eligibility purposes. (Depending on the minor league, the conclusion of a minor league club's season could be as early as the first week of August, or as late as the second week of September).

3. A player eligible to be an MLB Rule 9 minor league free-agent who signs a minor league successor contract prior to being declared a free-agent and a free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a minor league contract prior to the Rule 5 Draft is eligible for selection if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract, or the player was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 4th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract.

4. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has either been released or had his contract voided and then re-signs with the same MLB organization within one year is eligible for selection.

5. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career is eligible for selection.

6. A player on the Voluntary Retired List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List is not eligible for selection.

7. An MLB club can designate any player on a minor league reserve list "eligible for selection" in a Rule 5 Draft even if the player would not normally be eligible, but once a player is designated "eligible for selection," he remains eligible for selection in all subsequent Rule 5 drafts.
NOTE: A club might do this if the club is planning to release the player during the off-season. 

8. A minor league player-manager who would be eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft if he was only a player can be selected, but if he is selected, the player-manager can reject the selection and retire. He has 30 days to decide. If he rejects the selection and opts to retire as a player, the player-manager is ineligible to be reinstated as a player for a minimum of one year.  

At present, 83 Cubs minor leaguers are eligible for selection in the 2021 Rule 5 draft. A maximum of 38 players can be placed on the AAA reserve list on November 19th and be eligible for selection in the Major League Phase only, and in practice most clubs leave three or more slots open on their AAA reserve list when rosters are filed on 11/19 for free-agents who sign a minor league contract and players who are sent outright to AAA prior the Rule 5 Draft, and to provide AAA roster slots for players who might be selected in the AAA Phase of the Rule 5 Draft.

NOTE: If not added to the MLB 40-man roster, the players underlined and in bold green below will likely be placed on the 38-man AAA Iowa reserve list on 11/18 so that they will be eligible for selection only in the Major League Phase of the 2022 Rule 5 Draft.

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS ELIGIBLE FOR SELECTION IN 2022 RULE 5 DRAFT (last updated 9-30-2022):
Kevin Alcantara, OF
Pablo Aliendo, C 
Elian Almanzar, RHP
D. J. Artis, OF
Bryce Ball, 1B
Hunter Bigge, RHP
Ben Brown, RHP
Derek Casey, RHP
Chris Clarke, RHP
Danis Correa, RHP
Yovanny Cruz, RHP
Brennen Davis, OF
Bradford Deppermann, RHP
Christian Donahue, INF 
Luis Devers, RHP
Manuel Espinoza, RHP 
Miguel Fabrizio, C-1B
Kelvin Feliz, RHP
Kohl Franklin, RHP
Richard Gallardo, RHP
Reivaj Garcia, INF
Saul Gonzalez, RHP  
Ben Hecht, RHP 
Darius Hill, OF
Josue Huma, INF
Gabriel Jaramillo, RHP 
Ryan Jensen, RHP
Levi Jordan, INF
Chris Kachmar, RHP
Bryan King, LHP
Caleb Knight, C
Adam Laskey, LHP
Brendon Little, LHP
Joel Machado, LHP
Nelson Maldonado, 1B
Luis Marte, RHP
Michael McAvene, RHP
Juan Mora, INF
Rafael Morel, INF 
Joe Nahas, RHP  
Eduarniel Nunez, RHP 
Miguel Pabon, INF-C
Ezequiel Pagan, OF
Jack Patterson, LHP 
Fabian Pertuz, INF  
Yohendrick Pinango, OF
Malcom Quintero, C
Jake Reindl, RHP 
Peyton Remy, RHP
Samuel Reyes, RHP
Luis Angel Rodriguez, LHP 
Cole Roederer, OF
Cam Sanders, RHP
Yeison Santana, INF
Jake Slaughter, INF
Chase Strumpf, INF
Riley Thompson, RHP
Cayne Ueckert, RHP
Didier Vargas, LHP
Luis Vazquez, INF  
Luis Verdugo, INF
Jake Washer, C 
Andy Weber, INF 
Blake Whitney, RHP
Bryce Windham, C-INF

Additionally, a free-agent who signs a 2023 minor league contract prior to the 2022 Rule 5 Draft will be eligible for selection if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.

NOTE: If not added to the MLB 40-man roster, the players underlined and in bold green below will likely be offered a 2023 minor league successor contract prior to being declared a minor league free-agent on the 5th day after the final game of the 2022 World Series, and if the player signs the successor contract, he will likely be placed on the 38-man AAA Iowa reserve list so that he will be eligible for selection only in the Major League Phase of the 2022 Rule 5 Draft   

MLB RULE 9 FREE-AGENT POST-2022 WORLD SERIES

SIX-YEAR MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENTS:
Jose Albertos, RHP
James Bourque, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Craig Brooks, RHP (on Restricted List - see NOTE-2)
Jesus Camargo, RHP (on Restricted List - see NOTE-2)
Erick Castillo, C (Article XX-D player)
Kervin Castro, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
Zach Davis, OF
Donnie Dewees, OF
Trent Giambrone, INF (Article XX-D player)
Stephen Gonsalves, LHP (Article XX-D player - no minor league options left if added to the 40)
John Hicks, C (Article XX-D player - no minor league options left if added to the 40)
Jonathan Holder, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Bryan Hudson, LHP
Dakota Mekkes, RHP
Tyler Payne, C (Article XX-D player)
C. D. Pelham, LHP (Article XX-D player)
Yonathan Perlaza, OF
Carlos Sepulveda, INF
Wyatt Short, LHP
Jonathan Sierra, OF
Matt Swarmer, RHP (Article XX-D p[layer)
Dauris Valdez, RHP
Delvin Zinn, INF
NOTE-1: Article XX-D means players can elect free-agency if sent outright to minors, and Article XIX-A means player must give his consent before he can be sent to minors by optional or outright assignment. 
NOTE-2: A minor league player who is on the Restricted List for the entire 2022 season will not accrue a minor league season and thus would not qualify as a post-2022 6YFA - IF - the 2022 season was needed to qualify as a 6YFA (as is the case with Brooks and Camargo).

SECOND CONTRACT MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS (see NOTE-3 below)
Michael Arias, RHP (previously released by TOR)
Andres Bonalde, LHP (on RESTRICTED LIST - see NOTE-2 - previously released by CUBS)
Stanley Guzman, RHP (previously released by TEX)
Kyle Johnson, RHP (previously released by NYY)
Abel Moya, RHP (previously released by LAD) 
Dalton Stambaugh, LHP (previously released by BAL)
Tim Susnara, C (previously released by AZ)
Harrison Wenson, C (previously released by LAA)
NOTE-2: A minor league player who is on the Restricted List for the entire 2022 season will not accrue a minor league season and thus would not qualify as a post-2022 6YFA - IF - the 2022 season was needed to qualify as a 6YFA (as is the case with Bonalde).
NOTE-3: With mutual consent (player & club), a second-contract minor league player who has accrued fewer than seven minor league seasons can be signed to a multi-year minor league contract with club control extending up through the player's seventh minor league season. So it is possible that one or more of the Cubs minor league second contract players are signed beyond the 2022 season (TBD).
NOTE-4: RHP Fraiman Marte (previously released by STL) is a second-contract player, but he is not yet eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft.


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



RULE 5 DRAFT RESTRICTIONS:

1. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, beginning with the filing of MLB minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) and extending through the completion of the Rule 5 Draft.

2. A Rule 5 Draft-eligible player cannot be sent outright to the minors beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the third day prior to the Rule 5 Draft through the conclusion of the draft.

3. A club must have as many slots open on its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the start of the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players it selects in the Major League Phase, and an MLB club's AAA affiliate must have as many slots open on its reserve list prior to the start of the AAA Phase of the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players the affiliate selects in the AAA Phase. 

4. A club can select a player off the reserve list of one of its own minor league affiliates, but if the player is selected in the Major League Phase, the club is bound by the same Rule 5 roster restrictions as if it had selected the player off the reserve list of another club's minor league affiliate.
NOTE: This actually happened at least once a number of years ago, after a club (Atlanta Braves) inadvertently left one of its top prospects off its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) when minor league reserve lists were submitted to the MLB Commissioner on November 20th.

5. A player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "covered up" from selection, either by agreement between two clubs or by effect (such as by concocting a phony injury and placing the player on an Injured List in an attempt to decrease a player's value when the player is not really injured). Also, a player selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "hidden" on an Injured List to help the drafting club fulfill Rule 5 roster obligations (such as by leaving the player on the Injured List after he is healthy enough to play). If the MLB Commissioner believes a club "covered up" a player to avoid losing the player in the Rule Draft or "hid" a selected player on an Injured List, the offending club or clubs are subject to a penalty (TBD by the MLB Commissioner).

 

MLB Rule 5: Selected Player & Draft-Excluded Player

MLB RULE 5 SELECTED PLAYER

A "Selected Player" is any player selected in the Major League Phase of the MLB Rule 5 Draft. 

MLB RULE 5 SELECTED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 3-12-2020):
NONE AT THIS TIME

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS SELECTED IN MAJOR LEAGUE PHASE OF 2021 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 3-6-2020)
NONE  
NOTE: The Major League Phase of the 2021 MLB Rule 5 Draft was cancelled 

1. A Selected Player must be placed on the drafting club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) immediately after selection and must be tendered a major league contract by 5 PM (Eastern) on the day of the draft. 

2. A Selected Player can be traded at any time, but the player cannot be Designated for Assignment, released, or sent to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then only if Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured and the player's former club declines to reclaim the player.

3. If a Selected Player spends at least 90 days on an MLB Active List during the MLB regular season following selection, the player ceases to be a "Selected Player" at the conclusion of the MLB regular season. If time spent on an MLB Active List is less than 90 days in the season following selection, the player remains a Rule 5 Selected Player into the next season, and the player continues to be a Selected Player until he has spent 90 days total on an MLB Active List.

4. If a club wishes to send a Selected Player to the minors, the player must be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers, where any of the other 29 MLB clubs can claim the player for the $50,000 Rule 5 waiver price (formerly $25,000), and if claimed off waivers, the player continues to have Rule 5 MLB Selected Player status.

5. If the Selected Player is not claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers, the player then must be offered back to the club from which he was drafted, and the player's former club can re-claim the player for $50,000 (formerly $25,000), with the player being automatically outrighted to the Reserve List of the minor league reserve list from which he was drafted. The club from which the player was drafted usually has 72 hours to decide whether to re-claim the player, but it has only 24 hours to decide if the player is eligible to be an Article XX-D or Article XIX-A minor league free-agent if outrighted to the minors (player has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time, qualifies for salary arbitration as a "Super Two" player, and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career).
NOTE: A Selected Player with Article XIX-A rights (player has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time) cannot be re-claimed and outrighted back to the minor league club from which he was drafted unless the player consents in advance to the assignment.

6. If a Selected Player is returned (outrighted) to the minor league club from which he was drafted, and if the player has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time, qualifies for salary arbitration as a "Super Two" player, and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career, the player can elect to be an MLB Article XX-D minor league free-agent (or Article XIX-A minor league free-agent if the player has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time) after being outrighted (he has three days to decide), or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer the right to be a minor league free-agent until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season.   

7. If a Selected Player is returned (outrighted) to the minor league club from which he was drafted, the drafting club is responsible for any portion of the player's salary above what the player was paid the previous season.

8. If the club from which the Selected Player was drafted declines to re-claim the player, the player no longer has Rule 5 Selected Player status, the drafting club retains the player, and the player can be sent to the minors or released.

9. A player selected in the AAA Phase of the Rule 5 Draft must be immediately assigned to the reserve list of the AAA club that drafted the player and he must be given a 15-day trial during Spring Training with that club, but the player can be assigned to the active list of any minor league affiliate in the MLB club's organization once the minor league regular season commences. Also, unlike players selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft, a player selected in the AAA Phase does not have to be offered back to the club from which he was drafted if the player is ultimately assigned to the active list of a minor league affiliate below AAA.

PLAYERS SELECTED BY CUBS IN AAA PHASE OF 2021 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-8-2021): 
Connor Menes, LHP (selected by Cubs for AAA Iowa from San Francisco Giants Domestic Reserve List) 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS SELECTED IN AAA PHASE OF 2021 RULE 5 DRAFT (updated 12-8-2021): 
Carlos Ocampo, RHP (selected by New York Mets for AAA Syracuse from Cubs Domestic Reserve List)

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MLB RULE 5: DRAFT -EXCLUDED PLAYER

A "Draft-Excluded Player" is any minor league player who has accrued less than three years of MLB Service Time and who is eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 5 Draft, whose contract is selected, and who is added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) between August 15th and the Rule 5 Draft.

1. A Draft-Excluded Player can be non-tendered on 12/2, released, or traded at any time, but he cannot be sent to the minors by Optional Assignment beginning with the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.

2. A Draft-Excluded Player can be sent outright to the minors only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested no later than 2 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day following the final game of the World Series, and if a Draft-Excluded Player is not outrighted to the minors prior to the Rule 5 Draft, the player cannot be sent outright to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

CUBS PLAYERS WITH RULE 5 DRAFT-EXCLUDED STATUS: (last updated 9-17-2022)
Javier Assad, RHP
Jeremiah Estrada, RHP   
Esteban Quiroz, INF 
Hayden Wesneski, RHP 
Jared Young, INF-OF 

MLB Disaster Plan (Restocking Draft)

In the event that an incident occurs during an MLB club's regular season (or post-season) where at least five players on the club's MLB Active List, injured lists, and/or Suspended List are killed, dismembered, or permanently incapacitated, or an incident occurs during the off season or Spring Training where at least six players on the club's MLB Reserve List (including MLB 60-day Injured List) are killed, dismembered, and/or permanently incapacitated, MLB has a "Disaster Plan" in place under MLB Rule 19 (formerly MLB Rule 29) that includes financial support and a "Restocking Draft" for the stricken club (known as the "Disabled Club"). The plan has existed in basically the same form since 1965, so the method for allocating talent to the affected team essentially follows the mechanism used to distribute players to MLB expansion teams in 1960-61.

Under this plan, after a reasonable period of mourning, and presuming that the MLB Commissioner, the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), and the other 29 clubs jointly agree that the Disabled Club's season should continue, each of the other 29 clubs will be required to contribute five players from its MLB Active List as of the date of the incident (if the incident occurred during the Disabled Club's regular season or post-season), or five players from its MLB Reserve List as of the date of the incident (if the incident occurred during the Disabled Club's off-seson or Spring Training), into the Restocking Draft (Rule 19 Draft) pool, including one pitcher, one infielder, one outfielder, and one catcher (but only if the club has at least three catchers on its MLB Active List or MLB Reserve List as applicable), plus one additional player regardless of position (or two additional players regardless of position if the club does not have three catchers available to place into the pool.

If possible, the five players made available by each club must include as many players with a minimum of 60 days (0+060) of MLB Service Time as of the previous August 31st as were lost in the disaster. 

From the Restocking Draft pool, the Disabled Club will be permitted to select replacements for the players lost in the disaster.

1. The number of players selected by the Disabled Club must match the number of players lost in the disaster;

2. No club can lose more than one player;

3. Any player with a "no trade" right is exempt from inclusion in the pool unless the player waives his "no trade" right in advance;

4. A player on an Injured List cannot be included in the pool unless the player is eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and the player's club certifies that the player is healthy enough to play if selected. The Disabled Club can return a selected player to the player's previous club within 48 hours if the player does not pass his physical. 

5. Each player selected by the Disabled Club must be be placed on the Disabled Club's MLB Reserve List - AND - MLB Active List if the event occurred during the season (after the first day of Spring Training up through the conclusion of the Disabled Club's season), or on the Disabled Club's MLB Reserve List (only) if the event occurred during the off-season or Spring Training.  

In addition to the Restocking Draft and financial support, various other considerations may be temporarily extended to the Disabled Club by the MLB Commissioner (with consent of the MLBPA), including additional selections in the MLB Rule 4 and Rule 5 drafts, a higher waiver-claim priority for a given period of time, and/or a modification to the post-season roster eligibility deadline.

Minor League Options

Normally, a player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man Roster) is allotted three minor league option years. This means the player can be sent to the minors and be available 24/7 for recall back to the major league club whenever the player might be needed during the course of three different seasons.

1. If a player spends 20 or more days of an MLB regular season on Optional Assignment to the minors, an option year is expended and the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment. If a player spends 19 or fewer days of an MLB regular season on Optional Assignment, an option year is NOT expended and the player does accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment.

2. After three minor league option years have been spent, the player is said to be "out of options" and the only way the club can send the player to the minors is by removing the player from the 40-man roster and sending him "outright" to the minors. And the club can do this only after first securing Outright Assignment Waivers (which are irrevocable) from the other 29 MLB clubs.

Recalled - Not to Report

Before a player on Optional Assignment to the minors can be Designated for Assignment or traded, he must be recalled from his minor league assignment ("Recalled - Not to Report").

All players on Optional Assignment to the minors must be "Recalled - Not to Report" on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

Fourth Minor League Option

Most players get only three minor league options, but a player who has accrued less than five "full seasons" is eligible for a 4th minor league option.

For the purpose of determining eligibility for a 4th minor league option, a player accrues a "full season" when he spends at least 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs in a given season, or (in seasons prior to 2012) spends at least 60 days but less than 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs followed by an Injured List assignment where the combined time spent on the Active List and the Injured List equals at least 90 days or (beginning with the 2012 season) spends at least 30 days but less than 90 days on the Active List of an MLB and/or minor league club or clubs followed by an Injured List assignment where the combined time spent on the Active List and the Injured List equals at least 90 days.   
NOTE: Days spent on Optional Assignment to a club's Spring Training Complex in September count as active days toward determining eligibility for a 4th minor league option. 
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: With regard to a player's eligibility for a 4th minor league option year in 2021 (and beyond), days spent on Optional Assignment in 2020 counted for nothing, and days spent on an MLB Active List and MLB inactive lists (IL, FMLA/Bereavement, Paternity Leave, et al) counted and were calculated at the prorated 2020 MLB Service Time rate (one day equals 2.78 days of MLB Service Time).

If a player qualifies for a 4th minor league option year, the 4th option is available during Spring Training and for the entire MLB regular season. 

CUBS ELIGIBLE FOR 4TH MINOR LEAGUE OPTION: (updated 9-9-2022)
Miguel Amaya, C (in 2023 - see NOTE)
Alexander Canario, OF (in 2024 - see NOTE)
Anderson Espinoza, RHP (in 2023 - see NOTE
Caleb Kilian, RHP (in 2025 - see NOTE
Brailyn Marquez, LHP (in 2024 - see NOTE)
Christopher Morel, INF (in 2024 - see NOTE)
Manuel Rodriguez, RHP (in 2023 - see NOTE)
Justin Steele, LHP (in 2022 - see NOTE)
Seiya Suzuki, OF (in 2025 or 2026 - see NOTE
Keegan Thompson, RHP (in 2024 - see NOTE)
Alexander Vizcaino, RHP (in 2024 - see NOTE
NOTE:  Justin Steele is eligible for a 4th minor league option in 2022, Miguel Amaya, Anderson Espinoza, and Manuel Rodriguez will be eligible for a 4th minor league option in 2023, Alexander Canario, Kervin Castro, Brailyn Marquez, Christopher Morel, Keegan Thompson, and Alexander Vizcaino will be eligible for a 4th minor league option in 2024 but only if 3rd option is spent in 2023, Caleb Kilian will be eligible for a 4th minor league option in 2025 but only if 3rd minor league option is spent in 2024, and Seiyu Suzuki is eligible for a 4th minor league option in 2025 or 2026.

Restrictions on Optioning/Recalling Players to/from the Minors

GENERAL RESTRICTIONS:

1. Beginning with the 2020 season, no more than 14 players (formerly no more than 16 players) on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) may be on Optional Assignment at any one time prior to September 1st, and no more than twelve players may be on Optional Assignment at any one time beginning on September 1st and extending through the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

2. No player may be optioned to the minors prior to the start of Spring Training.

3. Beginning in 2022, a player can be optioned a maximum of five times in a given season.
EXCEPTION: An optional assignment back to a minor league affiliate after a player is temporarily recalled as the extra man for a doubleheader or other circumstances after August 31st will not count toward the five option maximum limit. 
NOTE: Because of the delay of the start of the 2022 MLB regular season, an optional assignment prior to May 2nd will not count toward the five option maximum limit.

4. Generally an injured player cannot be optioned to the minors. However, an injured player who did not accrue any MLB Service Time during the previous season, has not accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time, and was not selected in the previous Rule 5 Draft, can be optioned to the minors during a period of time beginning on the first day of Spring Training until the 15th day prior to the start of the next MLB regular season. 

CAN BE OPTIONED IF INJURED UNTIL 15TH DAY PRIOR TO 2023 MLB OPENING DAY (last updated 4-7-2022):
TBD   

5. A player who is optioned to the minors generally must remain on Optional Assignment for at least ten days (for a "position player") or 15 days (for a "pitcher or for a "two-way player"), and a "position-player" optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first ten days of the MLB regular season and a "pitcher" or a "two-way player" optioned to the minors during Spring Training generally must remain on Optional Assignment for the first 15 days of the MLB regular season.
EXCEPTIONS: The player is traded or claimed off waivers, is recalled as the extra man for a doubleheader (second game of the doubleheader only if two games were scheduled after a postponed or suspended game from the previous day) or other circumstances, is recalled to replace a player on the MLB Active List (26-man roster) who is traded, claimed off waivers, or placed on the MLB Injured List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Paternity Leave List, or Restricted List (but only pursuant to a suspension or administrative leave resulting from a violation or possible violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDV policy or a suspension resulting from a violation of the joint MLB-MLBPA JDPTP policy), or is recalled and then optioned back to the minors prior to a game being played where the game is postponed or cancelled. 
NOTE: If a player is acquired in a trade and is optioned to the minors by his new club within 24 hours, the player can be recalled from the Optional Assignment at any time without restriction, but if a player on Optional Assignment to the minors is claimed off waivers and is then optioned to the minors by his new club, the ten-day limit (for "position players") or 15 day limit (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players") does apply. So as far as the ten-day ot 15-day limits are concerned, there is a distinction made between acquiring a player in a trade and claiming a player off waivers.   
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: The minimum number of days a player generally must remain on Optional Assignment to the minors will be ten days for both position players and for pitchers in 2021 and extending through May 1, 2022.

6. A player can be optioned to any of his club's minor league affiliates whose season (including post-season) is still in progress as long as the player has not exceeded the maximum number of professional seasons allowed for players at that level, but if the regular season (and post-season) of all four of the MLB club's full-season minor league affiliates have concluded, a player may be optioned to the club's Spring Training Complex in September.   
NOTE: If a player is optioned to his club's Spring Training Complex in September because all of his club's minor league affiliates have concluded their regular seasons and post-seasons, the player will accrue MLB Service Time while on Optional Assignment. 

7. A player on Optional Assignment to the minors must be recalled no later than the day after the conclusion of his club's MLB regular season.

OTHER RESTRICTIONS:

8. A Rule 5 "Selected Player" cannot be optioned to the minors until restrictions have been removed.

RULE 5 SELECTED PLAYERS WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (updated 3-12-2021):
NONE   

9. Beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, a Rule 5 "Draft-Excluded Player" cannot be optioned to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.
NOTE: An injured player with Draft Excluded Status who otherwise would be eligible to be optioned up until the 15th day prior to MLB Opening Day can be optioned only during a five-day window starting on the 20th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season up until the 15th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYER WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (last updated 9-17-2022):
Javier Assad, RHP 
Jeremiah Estrada, RHP 
Esteban Quiroz, INF 
Hayden Wesneski, RHP 
Jared Young, INF-OF 

10. Per Article XIX-A of the CBA, any player on an MLB 40-man roster who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (as well as an international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to refuse an Optional Assignment to the minors, or the player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being optioned (he has two days to decide).
NOTE: If a player with Article XIX-A rights refuses an Optional Assignment but does not elect free-agency, the club must either retain the player on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) AND Active List, trade the player, or give the player his Outright Release.

11. A player with Article XIX-A rights can waive his right to refuse an Optional Assignment in advance, but the waiver cannot be signed more than ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, the player has the right to designate in advance which minor league team to which he can be assigned, and the waiver automatically expires if the player is not optioned to the minors within 45 days or by the 45th day of the MLB regular season (whichever is later).

CUBS ARTICLE XIX-A PLAYERS WITH MINOR LEAGUE OPTIONS REMAINING (last updated 8-20-2022): 
Willson Contreras, C 
Yan Gomes, C 
Ian Happ, OF 
Kyle Hendricks, RHP
Jason Heyward, OF
Wade Miley, LHP
Drew Smyly, LHP
Marcus Stroman, RHP 
Seiya Suzuki, OF (International player with Article XIX-A rights)

Designated for Assignment (DFA)

Sometimes a club needs to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and/or MLB Active List (26-man or 28-man roster) immediately, but the club has not yet decided the final disposition of the player and/or assignment waivers have not yet been secured. In this case, a player can be Designated for Assignment (DFA).

DESIGNATED FOR ASSIGNMENT BY CUBS (last updated 9-30-2022):
NONE

1. When a player is Designated for Assignment, the "Designated Player" is removed from his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and MLB Active List (26-man roster), and then the club has up to seven days (formerly ten days) to either trade, release, or non-tender the player, or option or outright the player to the minors.
NOTE: The days between Christmas Day and New Year's Day (inclusive) do not count toward the seven days.  

2. A Rule 5 Selected Player cannot be Designated for Assignment during the period of time between the conclusion of the MLB Rule 5 Draft and 20 days prior to MLB Opening Day.

3. A player continues to be paid (at the "Major League rate" for players with "split" contracts) while he is Designated for Assignment.

4. A player who is Designated for Assignment (DFA) accrues MLB Service Time for the entire period of time he is Designated for Assignment during the MLB regular season, but if the player is Designated for Assignment prior to the start of the MLB regular season and the DFA period extends into the MLB regular season, the player does not accrue MLB Service Time while he is Designated for Assignment.

5. A player acquired off waivers can be optioned to the minors by his new club (as long as the player has a minor league option available, unless the player has the right to refuse an Optional Assignment and does not give his consent), but if a club acquires a player off waivers and the claiming club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) is full so that the club needs to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List in order to open a spot on its 40-man roster for the newly-acquired player, or the claiming club's MLB Active List (25-man roster) is full so that the club needs to remove a player from its MLB Active List in order to open a spot on its 25-man roster for the newly-acquired player, the player who was claimed off waivers cannot be Designated for Assignment to alleviate the roster logjam.

6. A player acquired off waivers cannot be Designated for Assignment for at least 48 hours after the club is awarded the waiver claim or until the player has been on the claiming club's MLB Active List for at least one MLB regular season game (whichever comes first).

Waivers

Waivers must be secured before certain types of transactions can be completed.

There are two types of waivers (Outright Assignment Waivers and Outright Release Waivers).
NOTE: Optional Assignment Waivers were eliminated beginning with the 2017 season, and Trade Assignment Waivers have been eliminated beginning with the 2019 season. 

Each type of waivers has a special set of rules that apply.

MLB WAIVER LIST

The MLB waiver list is transmitted at 2 PM (Eastern) every business day.

Generally speaking, every day is an MLB business day during Spring Training and the MLB Regular Season, but Saturday, Sunday, and national holidays (Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, New Year's Day, and Dr. Martin Luther King's Birthday) and weekdays between Christmas Day and New Year's Day are not considered MLB business days during the off-season and sometimes over the last weekend of Spring Training (but only if MLB Opening Day falls on a Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday). So the MLB waiver list is transmitted at 2 PM (Eastern) Monday through Friday ONLY (not including national holidays that fall on a weekday and the weekdays between Christmasd Day and New Year's Day) during the off-season and (sometimes) over the final week of Spring Training. Also, the MLB Commissioner may add additional holidays and non-business days to the MLB off-season (TBA).

If a club requests a waiver prior to the 2 PM (Eastern) deadline, the waiver request is transmitted that day. If the waiver is requested after 2 PM (Eastern), the waiver request will not be transmitted until the next business day. Any of the other 29 MLB clubs can make a claim while the player is on waivers, and then at 1 PM (Eastern) on the second business day after the waivers are requested the MLB office determines if any claims were made, and if so, which club is awarded the claim.

RESTRICTIONS ON MAKING WAIVER CLAIMS

1. A club can place no more than seven players on waivers per day.

2. A player on an Injured List cannot be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers during Spring Training, and a player on an Injured List cannot be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers during the MLB regular season until he is both eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and healthy enough to play.

3. Neither Outright Assignment Waivers nor Outright Release Waivers can be requested on a player while he is on the Paternity List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Military List, Suspended List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List.

4. Outright Release Waivers (but NOT Outright Assignment Waivers) may be requested on a player while he is on the Voluntary Retired List.

5. A player can be optioned to the minors while he is on waivers, but a player cannot be traded, sent outright to the minors, or sent on a Minor League Rehab Assignment while he is on waivers. 

6. If a club requests Outright Release Waivers while a player is on Outright Assignment Waivers, the Outright Release waiver request will automatically void the Outright Assignment waiver request.

Waiver Periods

The three MLB waiver periods are:

1. September 1st through the 30th day of the MLB regular season;
2. 31st day of the MLB regular season up until one hour after the MLB Trade Deadline;
3. One hour after the MLB Trade Deadline through August 31st. 

Awarding Waiver Claims

PROCEDURE FOR AWARDING OF WAIVER CLAIMS (TYPE OF WAIVERS):

If a player is claimed by only one club, that club is awarded the claim. If more than one club makes a claim, the club with the lowest winning percentage (regardless of league) either from the previous season (beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through the 30th day of the MLB regular season) or on the day the player clears waivers (beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the last day of the MLB regular season) is awarded the claim. If two clubs with the same winning percentage make a claim, the club in the player's own league is awarded the claim. If two clubs from the same league make a claim and they are tied in the standings, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season is awarded the claim. If the clubs are still tied, standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.
NOTE: Beginning in 2022, the waiver claim priority for a club claiming a player it had previously acquired via waiver claim in that same waiver period will be behind all other clubs. If more than one club acquired the player via waiver claim previously in that waiver period, the waiver claim priority for those clubs would be in the same order as in the normal waiver claim priority list, but behind all MLB clubs that did not acquire the player via waiver claim previously in that waiver period.  

PROCEDURE FOR AWARDING OF WAIVER CLAIMS (TIME OF THE YEAR):

1. Beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and up through the first 30 days of he MLB regular season, the previous season's MLB standings are used to determine waiver claim priority. 

2. Beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the MLB standings as of 9 AM (Eastern) on the day the player clears waivers are used to determine waiver claim priority, with the previous season's MLB standings only used to break ties.

3. If a player has been claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers by a club within a given waiver period and then sometime later in that same waiver period the same player is placed on Outright Assignment Waivers by another club, the club that claimed the player previously in that waiver period will have last (worst) waiver claim priority if that player is placed onto Outright Assignment Waivers again in that waiver period. 
NOTE: If more than one club claimed the player off Outright Asignmernt Waivers previously in a waiver period, the waiver claim priority for that club or those clubs the next time the player is placed onto Outright Assignment Waivers in that waiver period would be at the bottom of the waiver claim priority list, sorted by the previous season's standings beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through the 30th day of the MLB regular season, and the MLB standings as of 9 AM (Eastern) on the day the player clears waivers beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the conclusion of the MLB regular eeason.    

RESTRICTION ON MAKING WAIVER CLAIMS:

A club is not permitted to make a waiver claim and then trade the player to another club if the purpose or effect of the claim was to prevent a third club from being awarded the waiver claim. (A waiver claim that is judged by the MLB Commissioner to have been made for this purpose will be revoked).

Outright Assignment Waivers

If a club wishes to remove a player from its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) and send the player to the minors, the club must first secure Outright Assignment Waivers.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A minor league player added temporarily to an MLB Active List roster to replace a player who has been placed on the CoViD-19 IL can be removed from the club's MLB Active List roster and returned to the AAA affiiate's roster without having to be placed on waivers.  

Outright Assignment Waivers cannot be requested while a player is on an MLB Paternity Leave List, Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, Military List, Restricted List, Suspended List, Temporarily Inactive List, Voluntary Retired List, Ineligible List, or Disqualified List.   

If a player on an MLB or minor league Injured List is placed on Outright Assignment Waivers during the MLB regular season, he must be eligible to be reinstated from the Injured List and healthy enough to play. If waivers are secured, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List within 72 hours. If a player on an MLB Injured List is placed on Outright Assignment Waivers after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and waivers are secured, the player must be reinstated from the Injured List within 72 hours.

For all players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man Roster) other than MLB Rule 5 players (both Selected and Draft-Excluded players) and injured players, Outright Assignment Waivers can generally be requested anytime in a given waiver period, and they are always irrevocable. The waiver price is $50,000 (formerly $20,000). 

Once secured, Outright Assignment Waivers remain in effect for a set period of time:

1. Seven days or until the end of the waiver period (whichever comes first) for Outright Assignment Waivers secured September 1st through the 30th day of the MLB regular season:

2. The entire waiver period for Outright Assignment Waivers secured starting on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through August 31st.

3. 72 hours if the player is on Optional Assignment to the minors or on a Disabled List.

A player who has a "no trade" right (full or partial) must waive his "no trade" right before he can be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers.

A club does not have to outright a player to the minors after Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured.

If Outright Assignment Waivers have been secured and are in effect, a player cannot be placed on Outright Assignment Waivers again until the final two days of the waiver period.

Beginning in 2019, if a player is claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers during the period of time beginning with the first day of Spring Training (the date pitchers & catchers report) through the final game of the MLB regular season, the player cannot be placed back onto Outright Assignment Waivers again for at least 48 hours or until he has spent at least one day on the claiming club's MLB Active List (whichever comes first), and if a player is claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers during the off-season (the period of time beginning with the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until the first day of Spring Training), the player cannot be placed back onto Outright Assignment Waivers again for at least seven days. 

Right to Refuse Outright Assignment or Elect Free-Agency if Outrighted

Per Article XIX-A of the CBA, any player on an MLB 40-man roster who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (as well as an international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to refuse an Outright Assignment to the minors, or the player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being outrighted, or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

However, an Article XIX-A player who accepts an Outright Assignment and defers his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season forfeits his right to elect free-agency (as an Article XIX-A minor league free-agent) if he is added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

If a player with Article XIX-A rights refuses an Outright Assignment but does not elect free-agency, the club must either retain the player on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), trade the player, or give the player his unconditional release.

If a player with Article XIX-A rights does not refuse an Outright Assignment but then elects to be a free-agent immediately after being outrighted, his contract is terminated and he receives no termination pay. But if the player accepts the Outright Assignment and defers his right to be a free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player continues to get paid, receiving the balance of his salary through to the end of the season. And then if the outrighted player is not subsequently added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player can elect free-agency anytime beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through October 15th.

A player with Article XIX-A rights can waive his right to refuse an outright assignment or elect free-agency if outrighted, but the waiver cannot be signed more than ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, the player has the right to designate in advance which minor league team to which he can be assigned, and the waiver automatically expires if the player is not outrighted to the minors within 45 days or by the 45th day of the MLB regular season (whichever is later).

CUBS ARTICLE XIX-A PLAYERS (last updated 8-20-2022):
Willson Contreras, C
Yan Gomes, C
Ian Happ, OF 
Kyle Hendricks, RHP
Jason Heyward, OF
Wade Miley, LHP 
Drew Smyly, LHP 
Marcus Stroman, RHP 
Seiya Suzuki, OF (International player with Article XIX-A rights) 

Per Article XX-D of the CBA, a player on an MLB 40-man roster who has been outrighted previously in his career and/or who has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time can elect to be a free-agent if he is sent outright to the minors. (An international player with Article XX-D contractual rights also has the right to elect free-agency if outrighted). The outrighted Article XX-D player can elect to be a free-agent immediately upon being outrighted, or he can accept the Outright Assignment and defer his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season. However, a player eligible to be a free-agent if outrighted who accepts an Outright Assignment and defers his option to elect free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season forfeits his right to elect free-agency (as an Article XX-D minor league free-agent) if he is added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-D PLAYERS (updated 9-30-2022):
David Bote, INF
Steven Brault, LHP 
P. J. Higgins, C-INF
Nico Hoerner, INF 
Mark Leiter Jr, RHP 
Rafael Ortega, OF
Franmil Reyes, OF 
Michael Rucker, RHP 
Adrian Sampson, RHP 
Rowan Wick, RHP
Patrick Wisdom, INF-OF

If a player eligible to be a free-agent if outrighted elects to be a free-agent immediately, his contract is terminated and he receives no termination pay. But if the Article XX-D player accepts the Outright Assignment and defers his right to be a free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player continues to get paid, receiving the balance of his salary through to the end of the season. And then if the outrighted Article XX-D player is not subsequently added back to an MLB 40-man roster prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season, the player can elect free-agency anytime beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season through October 15th.

A player who has not previously been outrighted to the minors or who has not yet accrued three years of MLB Service Time but who qualified as a "Super Two" player after the conclusion of the previous MLB regular season can elect free-agency if he is outrighted to the minors, but an outrighted "Super Two" player cannot defer free-agency until the conclusion of the MLB regular season. To become a free-agent, the outrighted "Super Two" player must elect free-agency immediately.

CUBS ARTICLE XX-D "SUPER TWO" PLAYERS (updated 6-4-2019):
NONE 

Once an outrighted player eligible to elect free-agency becomes a free-agent, the player can sign a major league or minor league contract with any club, including the player's previous club.

The club must advise an Article XIX-A or Article XX-D player in writing when it has decided to outright the player to the minors. (The club can notify the player up to eight days in advance of the assignment during the off-season or if the player is out of minor league options, and up to four days in advance if the assignment is contemplated during Spring Training or during the MLB regular season). Once notified, the player must make his decision whether to accept or decline the assignment within three days if he is outrighted during the off-season, or within two days if he is outrighted during Spring Training or during the MLB regular season.

Restrictions on Outrighting Players

1. A player cannot be sent outright to the minors beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the third day prior to the Rule 5 Draft through the conclusion of the draft.

2. A Rule 5 "Selected Player" cannot be outrighted to the minors until restrictions have been removed, and then no earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

MLB RULE 5 SELECTED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 3-12-2021): 
NONE AT THIS TIME

3. A Rule 5 "Draft-Excluded Player" can be outrighted to the minors only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested no later than 2 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, and if a "Draft-Excluded Player" is not outrighted to the minors prior to the Rule 5 Draft, the player cannot be sent to the minors any earlier than 20 days prior to the start of the MLB regular season (same as a Rule 5 player).

MLB RULE 5 DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 9-17-2022): 
Javier Assad, RHP
Jeremiah Estrada, RHP 
Esteban Quiroz, INF 
Hayden Wesneski, RHP 
Jared Young, INF-OF 

4. An unsigned player who is not eligible to be an Article XIX-A or Article XX-D minor league free-agent if outrighted but who would have been an MLB Rule 9 minor league free-agent (either a Six-Year FA or Second-Contract FA) if the player had been on a minor league reserve list cannot be outrighted to the minors after 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is canceled) unless and until either the player signs a Major League contract for the following season, has his previous season's contract automatically renewed by the club on March 1st, or agrees (in advance) to sign a minor league contract for the following season (if the Outright Assignment is contemplated prior to a Major League contract being tendered).

UNSIGNED MLB RULE 9-ELIGIBLE PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESERVE LIST (updated 3-13-2022): 
NONE   

5. If a player accrues at least one day of MLB Service Time in a season and then is outrighted to the minors prior to being tendered a Major League contract for the following season, the player's minor league monthly salary for the following season must be at least 80% of his final monthly salary from the previous season.

Outrighting an Injured Player

1. An injured player cannot be outrighted to the minors during the MLB regular season. 

2. Most injured players can be outrighted to the minors during a period of time beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until reserve lists are filed in November, but an injured "Rule 5 Player" can be outrighted during this period only after Rule 5 restrictions have been removed, and an injured "Draft-Excluded Player" can be outrighted during this period only if Outright Assignment Waivers are requested by 2 PM (Eastern) on the 4th day after the final game of the World Series.  

3. An injured player who has accrued less than three years of MLB Service Time in his career and who did not accrue any MLB Service Time the previous season, has not previously been outrighted to the minors, and who was not selected in the immediately-preceding Rule 5 Draft, can be outrighted to the minors during a period of time beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until the 15th day prior to the start of the next MLB regular season. 

CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED UNTIL 15TH DAY PRIOR TO 2023 MLB OPENING DAY (last updated 3-23-2022):
TBD  

4. An injured MLB Rule 9-eligible player who otherwise would qualify to be outrighted during the off-season and Spring Training can be outrighted only after he has either signed a Major League contract for the upcoming season or had his previous season's contract renewed by the club, or agrees (in advance) to sign a minor league contract for the upcoming season (if the Outright Assignment is contemplated prior to a Major League contract being tendered).

MLB RULE 9-ELIGIBLE PLAYER - CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED ONLY IF CONTRACT RESTRICTIONS MET (last updated 3-1-2022):
NONE 

5. An injured player with Draft Excluded Status who otherwise would qualify to be outrighted during the off-season and Spring Training can be outrighted only during a five-day window starting on the 20th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season up until the 15th day prior to the start of the MLB regular season.

DRAFT-EXCLUDED PLAYER - CAN BE OUTRIGHTED IF INJURED ONLY DURING FIVE-DAY WINDOW IN MARCH (last updated 8-23-2022):
TBD  

Outright Release Waivers

Outright Release Waivers are irrevocable and cannot be withdrawn once they are requested.

While a player claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers costs $50,000 (formerly $20,000), a club can claim a player off Outright Release Waivers for the minuscule sum of $1. However, a club that claims a player off Release Waivers is responsible for paying 100% of the player's remaining salary, whereas if the same club waits until the player clears Release Waivers, the club can sign the player for the MLB minimum salary (or prorated portion of the MLB minimum salary), with the player's former club responsible for the balance.

A player who is claimed off Outright Release Waivers has the option to decline the assignment and become a free-agent (he has up to five days to decide). For most players, refusing an Outright Release waiver claim means the player's contract is terminated with no severance and his former club owes him nothing (same as an Article XX-D minor league FA who refuses an Outright Assignment), but for a player with "no trade" rights who refuses an Outright Release waiver claim, the player is owed his full salary for the balance of the contract, same as if he had not been claimed.

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is released during the period of time extending from MLB Opening Day through August 31st cannot be added back to the MLB Active List of the club that released the player for at least 30 days - UNLESS - the MLB Active List of the club that released the player has at least one open slot during the period of time beginning when the player is released and extending up until the released player is re-signed and added back to the club's MLB Reserve List, and a player on an MLB 40-man roster who is released anytime during the period of time extending from September 1st to MLB Opening Day cannot be added back to the MLB 40-man roster (or MLB Active List) of the club that released the player until May 15th. 
NOTE:: While an unsigned player under club control who is not tendered a contract for the next season ("non-tendered") on December 2nd (or on December 1st if 12/2 falls on a Saturday or on November 30th if 12/2 falls on a Sunday) becomes a free-agent, it is not considered the same thing as an Outright Release, so a club can re-sign a non-tendered player to a Major League contract (or minor league contract) without any restrictions anytime after the player is non-tendered. Thus, December 2nd (or December 1st or November 30th in certain years) is a sort of roster "island oasis" in the middle of the off-season where a club can drop a player from its MLB Reserve List (including injured players) without having to worry about waivers or restrictions on off-season outright assignments or Outright Release.

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released more than 15 days prior to Opening Day receives 30 days salary as termination pay (paid at the "minor league rate" if the player is signed to a "split contract"), and a player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released 15 or fewer days prior to Opening Day receives 45 days salary as termination pay (all players paid at the "Major League rate"). A player on an MLB Reserve List signed to a non-guaranteed contract who is released prior to MLB Opening Day receives 100% of his salary as termination pay if he is released while he is unable to render service due to an injury or illness suffered while under contract to the club.     
NOTE: Beginning in 2022, a player eligible for salary arbitration who signs a contract prior to an arbitration hearing now gets 100% of his salary even if he is released prior to MLB Opening Day (salary liability for former club would be partially offset by the pro-rated MLB minimum salary if the player signs an MLB contract with another club after being released).  

A player on an MLB Reserve List who is released during the MLB regular season receives 100% of his salary as termination pay (paid at the "minor league rate" for players on Optional Assignment to the minors).

An unsigned player on an MLB Reserve List released during the off-season receives no termination pay.

An MLB Rule 5 Selected Player (a player who was selected in the MLB Rule 5 Draft) cannot be released until restrictions have been removed, and if Rule 5 restrictions have been removed and the player is released, the player's termination pay is always paid at the "Major League rate" as long as he is released prior to being outrighted to the minors.

Outright Release Waivers cannot be requested on a player while he is on the Bereavement List, Military List, Suspended List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List. 

A club cannot option a player signed to a "split contract" to the minors if the purpose of the assignment is to release the player and avoid paying termination pay at the "Major League rate."

A player is automatically & immediately removed from his club's Reserve List (40-man roster) and Active List when placed on Outright Release Waivers.

Inactive Lists

There are a number of inactive lists used by MLB clubs. 

Injured Lists

Prior to the 2019 season, the "Injured List" was known as the "Disabled List."  

There are four different types of MLB injured lists: the 7-day Injured List (for players suffering an acute concussion), the 10-day Injured List (for position-players only), the 15-day Injured List (for pitchers and for "two-way players"), and the 60-day Injured List (AKA the "Emergency Injured List").
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: There is a special MLB "CoViD-19 Related Injured List" in 2022 for players who are diagnosed with CoViD-19 during the MLB regular season, as well as for players who exhibit symptoms and/or have been exposed to the virus, or who are in a CoViD-19 "high risk" group. A player can only be placed on the CiViD-19 Related Injured List by consent of the CoViD-19 Joint Health & Safety Commitee. There is no minimum or maximum number of days a player must spend on this list, but a player may not be reinstated until he is symptom-free and tests negative for the virus twice where the tests are administered at least 24 hours apart. A player on the CoViD-19 Injured List does not count against his club's Reserve List or Active List.     
NOTE: The 15-day IL for pitchers and two-way players will be a 10-day IL through May 1, 2022. 

PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB 60-DAY IL: (updated 9-14-2022) 
Kyle Hendricks, RHP (7/6) 
Codi Heuer, RHP (3/16) 
Jason Heyward, OF (6/27) 
Alec Mills, RHP (7/3)
Rafael Ortega, OF (9/14) 
Ethan Roberts, RHP (4/30)
Brad Wieck, LHP (3/17) 

There are only two types of minor league injured lists: the 7-day Injured List and the 60-day Injured List.

Only players with a verified injury or illness may be placed on an injured list.

The MLB Commissioner (or the Commissioner's designate) must approve all MLB Injured List assignments.

A "Standard Form of Diagnosis" signed by the club physician must accompany a request to place a player on an MLB Injured List, and a "Standard Form of Diagnosis for Recertification" signed by the club physician must be filed with the MLB Commissioner every ten days for players on the MLB 10-day Injured List and after seven days for players on the MLB 7-day Injured List.
NOTE: A Standard Form of Recertification is NOT required once a player has been placed on or transferred to a club's MLB 60-day Injured List, and a Standard Form of Diagnosis is not required to place a minor league player on a minor league Injured List and a Standard Form of Recertification is not required once a minor league player has been placed on a minor league Injured List.

A "Return to Play" form signed by the club's physician must be submitted to the MLB Commissioner before a player can be reinstated from the MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List.

There is no limit to the number of players who may be on a club's injured list(s) at any one time.

1. An ill or injured player who is placed on the MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day IL or on the minor league 7-day IL does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against his club's Reserve List.

2. A player cannot be placed on the MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day IL after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and throughout the post-season, off-season, and Spring Training, and a minor league player can be placed on a minor league club's 7-day IL only during his minor league club's regular season.
EXCEPTION: With consent of the MLB Commissioner, a player on an MLB Active List (26-man roster) of a club that is active in the MLB post-season can be placed on the 7-day, 10-day, or 15 day Injured List during a post-season series.  

3. As long as the player did not appear in a game during the retroactive period (including "official" MLB Cactus League or Grapefruit League games or other MLB pre-season exhibition games), an MLB 10-day or 15-day Injured List assignment can be backdated up to three days (including the three days prior to MLB Opening Day), and a 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List assignment can be backdated up to four days (including the four days prior to MLB Opening Day).

4. If a position-player on an MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List is not reinstated after spending nine days on the list he is automatically transferred to his club's 10-day Injured List, and if a pitcher on an MLB 7-day (acute concussion) Injured List is not reinstated after spending at least 14 days on the list he is automatically transferred to his club's 15-day Injured List. 
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: The MLB 15 day Injured List (for pitchers and two-way players) has been suspended in 2021 (here will be a 10-day Injured List for position players, pitchers, and two-way players).    

5. During Spring Training and during the MLB regular season up through August 31st, an injured or ill player can be placed on or transferred to the MLB 60-day Injured List only if his club's reserve list is full, but if a player is placed on or transferred to the MLB 60-day Injured List after August 31st, the club's reserve list must be full - AND - the player must be replaced on his club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) by another player.

6. A player on the 60-day Injured List does not count against his club's Reserve List ir Active List roster limit. 
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A player on the CoViD-19 Related Injured List does not count against his club's Reserve List, Active List roster, or Club Player Pool limits.   

7. A player can be transferred from the MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day Injured List to the MLB 60-day Injured List (or minor league 7-day Injured List to minor league 60-day Injured List). However, a player cannot be moved back to the MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day Injured List (and a minor league player cannot be moved back to the 7-day Injured List) once he is placed on or transferred to the 60-day Injured List.

8. A player cannot be placed on the MLB 60-day IL after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, and during the post-season and off-season, up until the start of Spring Training (beginning on the date that pitchers & catchers are scheduled to report). A minor league player can be placed on a minor league club's 60-day Injured List only during his minor league club's regular season.

9. For a player who is transferred from the MLB 7-day, 10-day, ot 15-day Injured List to the MLB 60-day Injured List (or from a minor league club's 7-day Injured List to the minor league club's 60-day Injured List), time spent on the MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day Injured List (or minor league 7-day Injured List) during the MLB regular season (or during the minor league regular season) prior to being transferred counts toward the minimum 60 days a player must spend on the 60-day Injured List. However, time spent on a minor league 7-day Injured List or minor league 60-day Injured List does NOT count toward the minimum number of days a player must spend on an MLB Injured List if a player is recalled from an optional assignment or has his contract selected and is added to an MLB 40-man roster prior to being reinstated from a minor league injured list.

10. A player who is placed on the MLB 60-day Injured List during Spring Training must spend at least the first 60 days of the MLB regular season on the Injured List (the player cannot be reinstated any earlier than the 61st day of the MLB regular season).

11. A player who was placed on the an MLB 7-day, 10-day, or 15-day Injured List during the MLB regular season must be reinstated no later than the day after the conclusion of the club's MLB season (including the post-season for clubs that qualify for the post-season), a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the Injured List no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the final game of the World Series (or no later than 9 AM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is cancelled), and all other players on an MLB 60-day Injured List must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or no later than 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is cancelled), even if the player did not spend at least 60 days on the 60-day IL.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION:  A player on the MLB CoViD-19 Related Injured List who is eligible to be an Article XX-B MLB free-agent must be reinstated from the Injured List no later than 9 AM (Eastern) on the day after the final game of the World Series (or no later than 9 AM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is cancelled), and all other players on an MLB CoViD-19 Injured List must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (or no later than 5 PM Eastern on October 15th if the World Series is cancelled),

12. A minor league player cannot be placed onto or transferred to a minor league 60-day Injured List until the player has spent at least five days on the club's Domestic Reserve List. 

13. A player on a minor league club's 60-day IL must be reinstated no later than 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the conclusion of the World Series, even if the player did not spend 60 days on the Injured List. 

A player on an injured list can be traded, even if the player is not eligible to be reinstated and/or healthy enough to play. 

If a player on an injured list is traded, the player can be transferred directly from his former club's 7-day, 10-day, 15-day, or 60-day Injured List to the corresponding Injured List of his new club. Time spent on a 7-day, 10-day, 15-day, or 60-day Injured List prior to the trade counts toward the minimum number of days required before the player is eligible to be reinstated.

If a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List or CoViD-19 Injured List is claimed off waivers after the conclusion of the MLB regular season but prior to the deadline for reinstating players from the 60-day or CoViD-19 injured lists, the player can be transferred directly to the 60-day Injured List or CoViD-19 Injured List of his new club.

A player accrues one day of MLB Service Time for each day of the MLB regular season spent on an MLB Injured List.

Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment

MLB: Per Article XIX-C of the CBA and with the player's consent, a player on the MLB 10-day,15-day, or 60-day Injured List may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes for up to 20 days (for "position players") and up to 30 days (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players"), and a player on an MLB 7-day Injured List (acute concussion) may be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes up to five days (for "position players") and up to eight days (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players").

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a player who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction surgery (so-called "Tommy John surgery") may have his Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment renewed for up to 30 additional days (in the form of three ten-day renewals).

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a player on an MLB Active List who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction (so called "Tommy John surgery") can be temporarily assigned as a "pitcher" to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes while remaining eligible to play in MLB games as a position-player.  

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, if a player incurs a new (different) injury or illness or suffers a recurrence of the previous injury or illness while on a Minor League Rehabilitation Assignment, the player must be recalled from his Rehab Assignment and remain inactive for at least five days (for "position players") or seven days (for "pitchers" and for "two-way players") before starting another Minor League Rehab Assignment. 

A player on an MLB Injured List who is assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes continues to accrue MLB service time, and does not count against the minor league club's Active Roster.

A player on an MLB Injured List cannot be assigned to a minor league club for rehabilitation purposes while the player is on Outright Assignment Waivers.  

There is no limit on the number of MLB players who can be on an Article XIX-C Minor League Rehabilitation assignment with the same minor league club at the same time.

MINOR LEAGUES: A player on the 7-day or 60-day Injured List of a minor league affiliate may be assigned to a single-A affiliate of a lower classification or to the MLB club's Spring Training Complex for rehabilitation purposes. No more than three minor league players may be on a Rehabilitation Assignment with a given affiliate at the same time, but there is no limit on the number of minor league players who can be on a Rehabilitation Assignment at the MLB club's Spring Training Complex.   

A player on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) who is placed on a minor league injured list after being optioned to the minors cannot be assigned to a Rehabilitation Assignment while the player is on Outright Assignment Waivers.  

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a minor league player who has undergone elbow UCL reconstruction surgery (so-called "Tommy John Surgery") may have his Rehabilitation Assignment renewed for up to 30 additional days (in the form of three ten-day renewals).

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, if a minor league player incurs a new (different) injury or illness or suffers a recurrence of the previous injury or illness while on a Rehabilitation Assignment, the player must remain inactive for at least five days (for position players) or seven days (for pitchers) before starting another Rehab Assignment. 

A minor league player on a Rehabilitation Assignment with a single-A affiliate does not count against the Reserve List or Active Roster of the club to which he is assigned. (There is no roster limit at the MLB club's Spring Training Complex).

MLB Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List

An MLB player can be placed on the Major League Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List when the player leaves his club as the result of a death or medical emergency in his immediate family (spouse, child, grandchild, parent, grandparent, or sibling).

A player can be placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List any time during the MLB regular season and post-season.  

A player must remain on the Berevement/Family Medical Emergency List for at least three days, but no more than seven days.

A player cannot be placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List to attend the birth of a child (see Major League Paternity Leave List), but a player can be transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List if the childbirth results in a death or medical complication. For players who are transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, time spent on the Paternity Leave List counts toward the maximum number of days permitted to be spent by the player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List.

The Family Medical Emergency List functions just like the 7-day or 10-day Injured List, in that a player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergemcy List does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however,

A player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List continues to accrue MLB service time.

MLB Paternity Leave List

A player can be placed on the Major League Paternity Leave List when he leaves his club to attend the birth of his child. The childbirth must be either imminent or have occurred within the previous 48 hours.

A player can be placed on the Paternity Leave List any time during the MLB regular season and post-season.

A player must remain on the Paternity Leave List for at least 24 hours, but no more than 72 hours.

A player can be transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List if the childbirth results in a death or medical complication. For players who are transferred from the Paternity Leave List to the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List, time spent on the Paternity Leave List counts toward the maximum number of days permitted to be spent by the player on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List.

The Paternity Leave List functions like the 7-day or 10-day Injured List, in that a player on the Paternity Leave List does not count against his club's Active List, so he can be replaced by another player while on the Paternity Leave List. He does count against his club's Reserve List (40-man roster), however.

An MLB player continues to accrue MLB service time while on the list.

Temporarily Inactive List (Minor Leagues Only)

The Temporarily Inactive List is for minor league players only.

It is essentially an in-season excused Leave of Absence, and it is used for Paternity Leave, Bereavement Leave, and Family Medical Emergency Leave, as well as when a player is delayed reporting to a new club, or is attending college, or is incarcerated, or has returned home for personal reasons. Only minor league players (including players on Optional Assignment to the minors) can be placed on this list.

A player on the Temporarily Inactive List does not count against his club's Active List, but he does count against the club's Reserve List. (If a minor league club's Reserve List is full, a player who ordinarily would have been placed on the Temporarily Inactive List can be placed on the Restricted List instead, but placing a player on the Restricted List does require the approval of the MLB Commissioner).

A player cannot be placed on the Temporarily Inactive List any earlier than the first day of his club's regular season, the player must remain on the Temporarily Inactive List for at least three days, and a player on the Temporarily Inactive List must be reinstated no later than the day after the conclusion of his club's season.

A player normally is not paid while on the Temporarily Inactive List (club option).

Development List (Minor Leagues Only)

With approval of the MLB Commissioner, a player on a minor league Domestic Reserve List can be placed on the Development List if the player is at the parent organization's Minor League Spring Training Complex or at a club-approved training facility for the purpose(s) of conditioning and/or development, or if the player has been loaned to a club in another MLB organization, to a club in the Mexican League, or to a club in an independent MLB partner league
NOTE: There must first be an agreement in place between MLB and the partner league before players under control of MLB organizations can be loaned to a club in that league.   

A player on Optional Assignment from an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) can be placed onto the Development List of the minor league affiliate to which he has been optioned, but only with consent of the player.  

A player cannot be placed on the Development List for the purpose of injury rehabilitation or disciplinary action.

A player can be placed on the Development List only during his minor league club's regular season, the player must remain on the Development List for at least seven days, and the player must be reinstated from the Developmental List no later than the day after the conclusion of his minor league club's season.

A player on the Development List counts against the in-season minor league 180-man Domestic Reserve List (or MLB 40-man roster if the player is on Optional Assignment), but he does not count against the minor league club's Active List roster.  

A player is paid by the MLB club while he is on the Development List.  

Voluntary Retired List

A player who submits written notice of retirement while under contract to a club or while under club control can be placed on the Voluntary Retired List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List does not get paid while on the list, does not accrue service time, and does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List.

A player on the Voluntary Retired List must spend at least 60 days of the regular season on the list before he can apply for reinstatement. If the player is placed on the Voluntary Retired List within 60 days of the conclusion of the regular season, the balance of the 60 days would carry-over into the next season.

If an MLB player on the Voluntary Retired List is reinstated during the MLB regular season, he may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (with or without pay - TBD) with a minor league affiliate of his club for up to 30 days prior to being rerinstated. 
NOTE: A player receives MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on a  minor league "conditioning" assignment.  

A player cannot be reinstated from the Voluntary Retired List during the period of time extending from August 1st through October 31st, and a minor league player on the Voluntary Retired List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through the conclusion of the season (including post-season). 

Restricted List

The Restricted List is essentially an excused but unpaid absence, although in certain circumstances a club might choose to pay the player while he is on the Restricted List.

If a club requests that a player be placed on the Restricted List, the request must be approved by the MLB Commissioner. 

A player who is suspended for violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (player tested positive for a prohibited substance) or is suspended or granted a leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse Policy is automatically placed on the Restricted List by the MLB Commissioner.

A player placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy is automatically placed on the Restricted List while he is on Administrative Leave. The player is paid and accrues MLB Service Time while on Administative Leave. The MLB Commissioner has up to seven days to complete its investigation and determine if there was a violation, but with consent of the MLBPA, the investigation can be extended seven additional days (14 days total). After the completion of the investigation, the MLB Commissioner can find there was no violation, or find there was a violation and impose discipline in the form of an unpaid suspension (length TBD), or find there was a violation but defer disciplinary action to a later date.  

Besides a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy, other reasons why a player might be placed on the Restricted List would include an absence due to an illness or death in the family where the absence exceeds the Major League Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List seven-day maximum limit, failing to report to Spring Training, or if a player is serving a prison sentence, attending college, or pursuing a career in another sport or profession, or if a player from a foreign country is unable to secure a work visa.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: An MLB or minor league player not in a CoViD-19 "high risk group" who opts-out of playing because of the threat of possibly contracting CoViD-19 or any player who is denied entry into a state or a foreign country because he is not vaccinated will be placed on the Restricted List and will not be paid and will not accrue MLB Service Time.  

A player on the Restricted List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and a player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy does not accrue MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List. A player who is placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy continues to be paid and will accrue MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List.     
NOTE: Beginning in December 2016, an MLB player suspended as the result of a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program will receive credit for MLB Service Time while on the Restricted List if the player was on an MLB Active List or MLB DL at the time of the suspension, it's the player's first or second positive test, and the length of the suspension is subsequently reduced by at least 20 games by an arbitrator as the result of mitigating circumstances.

A player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or for a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy may consent to participate in Spring Training (MLB and/or Minor League Camp) and/or Extended Spring Training and/or in a post-season Instructional League (without pay), but a suspended player is not eligible to participate in the Arizona Fall League (AFL).

Only regular season games missed while on the Restricted List count toward the number of games required to be missed by the player in order to complete the suspension.

Prior to being reinstated, an MLB player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (with or without pay - TBD) with a minor league affiliate of his club for up to 30 days, and an MLB player who is on the Restricted List as the result of a suspension related to a violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (without pay) with a minor league affiliate of his club for no more than six days for a suspension of 10-20 games, no more than ten days if suspended 21-30 games, no more than twelve days if suspended 31-50 games, and no more than 15 days for suspensions of more than 50 games.
NOTE: A player receives MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on a  minor league "conditioning" assignment.  

An MLB player who is on the Restricted List for any reason other than extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave or a suspension for violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) or a suspension or leave of absence related to a violation or possible violation of the Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List during the period of time extending from August 1st through October 31st without the approval of the MLB Commissioner, and a minor league player on the Restricted List for any reason other than a suspension for a violation of the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (ban on the use of a prohibited substance) cannot be reinstated from the Restricted List during the period of time extending from August 1st through the conclusion of his club's season (including post-season) without the approval of the MLB Commissioner. 

A player on the Restricted List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days after being reinstated or when he is placed on the club's Active List (whichever comes first) if the player is reinstated during the period of time beginning on the mandatory Spring Training reporting date and extending through the last day of the regular season, or within 14 days after reinstatement if the player is reinstated during the off-season, but if the player is assigned to another club while on the Restricted List he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately after reinstatement.

PLAYERS ON CUBS MLB RESTRICTED LIST (updated 9-27-2022):
Alexander Vizcaino, RHP (failed to report to 2022 MLB Spring Training)
 

Military List

A player can be placed on the Military List after being called to active duty (this includes foreign players called to active duty with their home country's military).

1. A player on the Military List does not count against his club's Active Roster or Reserve List, but the player does accrue MLB Service Time.

2. A player can be placed on his club's Military List within 15 days of the date he is scheduled to report for duty, but only if the player is no longer physically with the club.

3. A player on the Military List must be reinstated within 15 days after being released from service.

4. A player on the Military List can spend up to 15 days on a minor league "conditioning" assignment (with pay and full MLB benefits for MLB players) prior to being reinstated to an MLB or minor league reserve list. 

5. A player who is reinstated from the Military List after the MLB Rule 5 Draft but prior to MLB Opening Day does not count against his club's Reserve List until MLB Opening Day, or up to 15 days after MLB Opening Day if the player is on a minor league "conditioning" assignment during that period of time.   

Suspended List

The MLB Commissioner may place a player on the MLB Suspended List and a minor league president may place a minor league player on the minor league's Suspended List.

If a club requests that a player be placed on the club's Suspended List, the request must be approved by the MLB Commissioner.

An MLB player or minor league player who is placed on his league's Suspended List counts against his club's Reserve List and Active List, but an MLB player or minor league player who is placed on his club's Suspended List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List.

A player on the Suspended List is not paid while on the list but does continue to accrue MLB or minor league service time.

The main instance where it is used is when a player is suspended by the league as the result of an on-field incident, but it can also be initiated by the player's own club in the case of insubordination, unacceptable behavior (such as a player getting into an altercation with his manager, a teammate, or a fan), or a violation of team rules related to chronic tardiness, possession of alcohol or reporting to work intoxicated, missing a doctor's appointment, or failure to get into playing condition within 60 days after start of MLB Spring Training or Minor League Spring Training. (The Suspended List is used more liberally in the minor leagues, mainly because minor league players don't have the protection of a union).
NOTE: When an MLB player is placed on the Suspended List, a grievance is usually filed by the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) on behalf of the suspended player because the player does not get paid while on the list.

Disqualified List

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List if he violates the terms of his contract (for example, player signs a contract using a false name and/or DOB, or player signs a contract with another professional baseball team without permission of an MLB club while still under contract with that MLB organization, or player circumvents a drug test, or player refuses to undergo an examination by a physician as directed by the club, or player refuses to render services to the club).

A player can be placed on the Disqualified List only with the approval of the MLB Commissioner.

A player on the Disqualified List does not count against the club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through October 31st and a minor league player on the Disqualified List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through the conclusion of his club's season (including post-season) without the approval of the MLB Commissioner.

A player reinstated from the Disqualified List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to the conclusion the season, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated during the off-season.

If an MLB player on the Disqualified List is reinstated during th MLB regular season, he may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (with or without pay - TBD) with a minor league affiliate of his club for up to 30 days prior to being reinstated to the MLB Reserve List.
NOTE: A player receives MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on a  minor league "conditioning" assignment.  

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

Ineligible List

The MLB Ineligible List is the "capital punishment" of baseball, reserved for individuals who have been indefinitely or permanently banned from baseball, usually related to "throwing" games, betting on baseball, or consorting with gamblers, but it also could involve something like embezzlement of funds, or a significant drug-related offense, or a hate crime, or some heinous activity.

Individuals are placed on the Ineligible List by the MLB Commissioner, and once placed on the Ineligible List a player must remain on the list for at least one year.

A player on the Ineligible List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.

An MLB player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through October 31st and a minor league player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through the conclusion of his club's season (including post-season). 

A player reinstated from the Ineligible List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated during the off-season.

If an MLB player on the Ineligible List is reinstated during the MLB regular season, he may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (with or without pay - TBD) with a minor league affiliate of his club for up to 30 days prior to being reinstated to the MLB Reserve List. 
NOTE: A player receives MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on a  minor league "conditioning" assignment.  

If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.

Post-Season Roster Eligibility

A club's Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on August 31st.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A club's 2020 Post-Season Eligibility List will be established on September 15th.  

A club's Active List (26-man roster) must be submitted to the MLB Commissioner prior to the start of the first game of each post-season series (Wild Card game, LDS, LCS, and World Series).
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: The post-season Active List roster limit will be 28 in 2020.  

A club's Active List can be changed (tweaked) prior to the start of the first game of each series (WC, LDS, LCS, and WS). 

1. A player who received a suspension for violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program (player tested positive for a prohibited substance) prior to the start of Spring Training, during Spring Training, during the regular season, or during a post-season series (Wild Card, LDS, LCS, or World Series), is ineligible to play in any MLB or minor league post-season game(s) or series in that season, even if the player has completed serving the suspension. 

2. Any player on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, Voluntary Retired List, or Restricted List (for any reason other than being placed on Administrative Leave pending investigation of a possible violation of the MLB-MLBPA Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Child Abuse policy or extended Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency Leave) as of midnight (Eastern) on August 31st or who is placed on the Disqualified List, Ineligible List, Voluntary Retired List, or Restricted List anytime after midnight (Eastern) on August 31st is ineligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List that season. 
CoViD-19 ERXCEPTION: A club's 2020 Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on September 15th. 

3. All other players on a club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, and Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st are automatically placed on a club's Post-Season Eligibility List and are eligible to be included on a post-season series Active List (25-man roster), but a player on an MLB 60-day Injured List who otherwise would be eligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List is NOT eligible to be included until the player has spent at least 60 days on the Injured List, and a player on the MLB 60-day Injured List is NOT eligible to play in a post-season series until the player has spent at least 60 days on the Injured List AND the player has been reinstated from the 60-day Injured List.
CoViD-19 ERXCEPTION: A club's 2020 Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on September 15th. 

4. A player on a Post-Season Eligibility List at midnight (Eastern) on August 31st must remain on his club's MLB Reserve List, MLB 60-day Injured List, and/or Military List continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be automatically included on his club's Post-Season Eligibility List. If a player is sent outright to the minors after midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, he is no longer automatically eligible to be included on a Post-Season Eligibility List.
CoViD-19 ERXCEPTION: A club's 2020 Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on September 15th. 

5. A "27th player" (must be a catcher) may (with approval of the MLB Conmissioner) be listed on a club's Active List for the LDS, LCS, or World Series as a replacement for a catcher who is suffering from an acute concussion. The catcher who suffered the concussion would be eligible to return to his club's Active List after seven days (even if it is prior to the conclusion of the series) at which point the "26th player" (the extra catcher) must be deactivated.
CoViD-19 EXCEPTION: A 29th player (must be a catcher) may (with approval of the MLB Conmissioner) be listed on a club's Active List for the LDS, LCS, or World Series as a replacement for a catcher who is suffering from an acute concussion. The catcher who suffered the concussion would be eligible to return to his club's Active List after seven days (even if it is prior to the conclusion of the series) at which point the "29th player" (the extra catcher) must be deactivated.

6. A post-season eligible player who is placed on the Bereavement/Family Medical Emergency List or on the Paternity List during a post-season series can (with approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced by another player on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List (a pitcher must replace a pitcher and a position player must replace a position player, but it is not necessary for a catcher to replace a catcher, an infielder to replace and infielder, or an outfielder to replace an outfielder), as long as the absent player is reinstated after no more than seven days (for a player on the Beareavement/Family Medical Emergency List) or after no more than three days (for a player on the Paternity List). If the series ends before the player is reinstated, he will automatically be reinstated prior to the next series, even if he has not returned to his club. 
NOTE: The absent player is not eligible to be replaced during a series if the player is a pitcher who pitched at least four consecutive innings in a game sometime previous in the series unless at least three days have elapsed since that game.

7. An injured post-season eligible player can (with the approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced on his club's Post-Season Eligibility List by a player (regardless of position) who was on an Active List, Reserve List, 60-day Injured List, or Military List of a minor league affiliate from that organization prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, or by a player who was on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, or Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st but who was subsequently sent outright to the minors. (In the case of a player who is sent outright to the minors after August 31st, the player must remain on a Reserve List of a minor league affiliate from that organization continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be eligible to replace an injured post-season eligible player).
CoViD-19 ERXCEPTION: A club's 2020 Post-Season Eligibility List is established at midnight (Eastern) on September 15th. 

8. A minor league player who replaces an injured player on the Post-Season Eligibility List must have his contract selected and be placed on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) before he can be placed on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List. If the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) is full, a player must be removed (traded, released, or sent outright to the minors) from the club's MLB Reserve List to make room for the replacement player. 
NOTE: A player cannot be placed on the MLB 60-day Injured List after the conclusion of the MLB regular season, so placing an injured player on the MLB 60-day Injured List during the post-season to make room on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) for a post-season minor league replacement player is not an option.

9. A post-season eligible player who is injured during a post-season series (LDS, LCS, or World Series) can (with the approval of the MLB Commissioner) be replaced during the series by another player on the club's Post-Season Eligibility List, or by a player who was on an Active List, Reserve List, 60-day Injured List, or Military List of a minor league affiliate from that organization prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st, or by a player who was on the club's MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), MLB 60-day Injured List, or Military List prior to midnight (Eastern) on August 31st but who was subsequently sent outright to the minors. (In the case of a player who is sent outright to the minors after August 31st, the player must remain on a Reserve List of a minor league affiliate from that organization continuously throughout the remainder of the MLB regular season and post-season in order to be eligible to replace an injured post-season eligible player). An injured player replaced during a post-season series is ineligible to be reinstated to his club's Active List (25-man roster) for the balance of that series and the next series (LCS or World Series). Also, a pitcher must replace a pitcher and a position player must replace a position player. However, it is NOT necessary for a catcher to replace a catcher, an infielder to replace an infielder, or an outfielder to replace an outfielder. 
NOTE: If the injured player suffered an acute concussion, the injured player is eligible to be reinstated to his club's Active List after seven days even if the next post-season series is still in progress. 

Amateur & International Talent Acquisition

The variety of ways that organizations can bring in talent domestically or internationally.

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft)

The First-Year Player Draft (or "MLB Rule 4 Draft") is held annually over a three-day period in June.
NOTE: The draft will be held July 17-19 in 2022.  

Beginning with the 2022 season and going forward, the draft will be 20 rounds. Draft order is based upon the inverse order of winning percentages from the previous season. If the winning percentages of two or more clubs are the same, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season picks first. If two or more clubs are still tied, league standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.

Competitive Balance Rule 4 Draft picks are slotted in two groups (Competitive Balance Round "A" is slotted after the 1st Round, and Competitive Balance Round "B" is slotted between the 2nd and 3rd rounds). 
NOTE: Beginning with the 2017 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be awarded by lottery. Rather, all clubs who qualify (the ten smallest market clubs and the ten lowest revenue clubs) will receive Competitive Balance draft picks in either Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd round) or in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds), with each club alternating between the two rounds every-other year.

If an Article XX-B Qualified Player subsequently signs a Major League contract with another (different) MLB club prior to the MLB Rule 4 Draft (MLB First-Year Player Draft), the player's former club (the club that lost the Qualified Player) normally will receive a compensatory draft pick in the MLB Rule 4 Draft between the 2nd & 3rd rounds (after Competitive Balance Round "B"). 
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would receive a compensatory draft pick immediately after the conclusion of the 1st round (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") - IF - the Qualified Player signs a contract worth at least $50M (the club would receive a compensatory draft pick between the 2nd & 3rd rounds and after Competitive Balance Round "B" if the Qualified Player signs a contract worth less than $50M), and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would receive a draft pick between the 4th & 5th rounds. 
NOTE: If more than one club receives the same type of compensatory pick, the draft order for the comp picks is the same as it is for all other rounds in that draft (clubs select in inverse order of league standings from the previous season, and in the case of two clubs finishing with the same record the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie, and if If the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie). 

An MLB club that signs an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club forfeits its 2nd highest selection in the next MLB Rule 4 Draft and $500,000 is subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP). 
EXCEPTIONS: An MLB club that receives revenue sharing funds would surrender its 3rd highest selection in the draft but nothing is subtracted from the club's ISBP in the next full ISP, and an MLB club that is a CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would forfeit its 2nd & 5th selection in the draft and have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP. 
NOTE: The Competitive Balance Tax threshold will be $230M in 2022, $233M in 2023, $237M in 2024, $241M in 2025, and $244M in 2026.

The next highest Rule 4 Draft pick (or draft picks) will be forfeited if a club signs more than one Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club (one draft pick forfeited for each Qualified Player signed). 
NOTE: A CBT payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the so-called "Luxury Tax") would forfeit its 3rd & 6th highest selections if the club signs a second Qualified Player, its 4th & 7th selections if the club signs a third Qualified Player, and its 8th & 9th highest selections, 10th & 11th highest selections, etc, for additional Qualified Players signed. 

Draft picks subject to forfeiture include the club's own Rule 4 Draft picks, compensatory draft picks awarded to the club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player, and draft picks awarded as the result of the Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Pick lottery (including draft picks that were subsequently acquired in a trade). Competitive Balance draft picks (including Competitive Balance draft picks acquired in a trade) and a compensatory draft pick awarded to a club for failing to sign a pick from a previous Rule 4 Draft are - NOT - subject to forfeiture.
NOTE: Prior to the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks were subject to forfeiture.

A Rule 4 Draft pick forfeited as the result of a club signing an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from his previous club is not transferred to any other club (it just disappears).

Beginning with the 2018 Rule 4 Draft, any MLB club that had a payroll from the previous season that was $40M or more above the Competitive Balance Tax threshold will have its highest draft selection moved down ten slots, unless its first selection is among the top six picks in the draft, in which case it will have its second-highest draft slot moved down ten slots.
NOTE: In determining whether a club would have its highest or second-highest draft pick moved down ten slots, the six "protected" picks at the top of the 1st round would NOT include any compensation draft pick received by a club for failing to sign a 1st round draft pick from a previous draft -- these compensatory draft picks are already "protected."

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Eligibility

An individual is eligible for selection in the First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) if the person is at least 17 years old, has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract, and is either a resident of a U. S. state or territory or Canada and has been for at least one year, or is not a resident but was enrolled in a high school (known as "secondary school" in Canada) or college in a U. S. state or territory or Canada within the previous year, and...

1. Player has graduated from high school and has received a diploma (if the player graduates early from high school and receives a diploma prior to turning 17, the player is eligible for selection if he turns 17 no later than 45 days after the draft and the player submits written notice of early graduation to the MLB Commissioner by January 15th); or

The player's high school class has graduated (12th grade) and 

2. Player has not yet graduated from high school but player's high school athletic eligibility has expired; or

3. Player dropped out of high school at least 365 days prior to the draft; or

4. Player attended a junior college the previous school year; or

5. Player is attending a four-year college and the school has no baseball program, or

6. Player is attending a four-year college and player has completed at least junior year of athletic eligibility, or

7. Player is attending a four-year college and is age 21 or older (or will turn 21 within 45 days of the draft); or

8. Player withdrew from a four-year college at least 120 days prior to the draft.

A player dismissed from a four-year college for academic reasons less than 120 days prior to the draft is eligible for selection only with the consent of the MLB Commissioner. 

For purposes of draft eligibility, a GED is not considered a high school diploma.
NOTE: Prior to the 2017 draft, a GED was considered equivalent to a high school diploma for purposes of draft eligibility. 

A club is not permitted to select a player in the Rule 4 Draft two years in a row, unless the player gives his approval in advance.

A high school player eligible for selection may elect (in advance) to have his name removed from draft eligibility in that particular Rule 4 Draft.

Prior to the draft, the MLB Commissioner's office will designate what it considers to be the Top 300 players in the draft, and offer each of the players an opportunity to furnish in advance of the draft access to the player's certified medical history available to be reviewed by all 30 MLB clubs. Players are not required to participate in the program, but if a player declines to participate, the player may not furnish medical records to any club or clubs prior to the draft.    

From among the Top 300 players, the MLB Commissioner's office will designate what it considers to be the Top 50 pitchers in the draft, and offer each of the pitchers an opportunity to submit a recent certified MRI of the pitcher's shoulder, elbow, or any other part of the body that has received medical treatment during the course of the previous season, available for review by all 30 MLB clubs prior to the draft. Pitchers are not required to participate in the program.   

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Negotiation List


FIRST-YEAR PLAYER DRAFT (MLB RULE 4 DTAFT  ) - NEGOTIATION LIST 

Players selected in the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) are placed on a club's Negotiation List.

In most cases, a player selected by a club in the Rule 4 Draft will remain on the club's Negotiation List until either the player signs or until the signing deadline (whichever comes first), and if a club does not sign a Rule 4 Draft pick by the deadline, the player is removed from the club's Negotiation List and becomes eligible for selection again in the next Rule 4 Draft in which the player would be eligible for selection.
EXCEPTIONSA college senior with no baseball eligibility left and a player who enrolls in a junior college will remain on the club's Negotiation List until the player signs or until one week prior to the next Rule 4 Draft (whichever comes first).
NOTE: The signing deadline is August 1st in 2022.  

A player selected in the Rule 4 Draft will be declared a free-agent if he is not offered a contract by the signing deadline.

A player eligible for selection in the Rule 4 Draft who is not drafted ("Non-Drafted Free-Agent" or "NDFA") can sign with any club after the conclusion of the draft any time up until one week prior to the next Rule 4 Draft, unless and until the NDFA enrolls in a  four-year college, in which case MLB Rule 4 Draft eligibility rules apply.
NOTE: A player eligible for selection in the 2022 MLB First-Year Player Draft who is not selected can be signed by any MLB club as a Non-Drafted Free-Agent (NDFA) beginning at 9 AM (Eastern) on July 20th, but clubs are not permitted to discuss with a draft-eligible player the possibility of signing the player as a NDFA prior to the draft, during the draft, or anytime after the conclusion of the draft prior to 9 AM on July 20th. 

A player selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft or a Rule 4 eligible NDFA cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

A player who signs after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be traded until after the conclusion of the World Series (no earlier than 9 AM on the day after the final game of the World Series), or for 90 days if the player signs after the World Series. 
NOTE: Previously, a player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft could not be traded until the first anniversary of the player signing his first contract.

A player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be a PTBNL in any trade made prior to the conclusion of the World Series.

CUBS 2022 MLB RULE 4 NEGOTIATION LIST (Last updated 7-30-2022)
Cade Horton, RHP (U. of Oklahoma) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT FRESHMAN  - SIGNED
Jackson Ferris, LHP (IMG Academy - Bradenton, FL) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED 
Christopher Paciolla, INF (Temecula Valley HS - Temecula, CA) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED  
Nazier Mule, RHP (Passaic Technical Academy - Wayne, NJ) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
Brandon Birdsell, RHP (Texas Tech) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED 
Will Frisch, RHP (Oregon State) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT SOPH - SIGNED
Nick Hull, RHP (Grand Canyon U.) - COLLEGE SR - SIGNED
Mason McGwire, RHP (Capistrano Valley HS - Mission Viejo, CA) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
Connor Noland, RHP (U. of Arkansas) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED
Brody McCullough, RHP (Wingate U.) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED
Branden Noriega, LHP (Miami-Dade College) - JC REDSHIRT SOPH - SIGNED
Mathew Peters, RHP (Ivy Tech CC) - JC REDSHIRT SOPH - SIGNED
Luis Rujano, RHP (Sunshine State Elite Academy - Kissimmee, FL) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED 
Shane Marshall, RHP (U. of Georgia) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED 
Haydn McGeary, C-1B (Colorado Mesa U.) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED 
JP Wheat, RHP (Next Level Academy - Wetumpka, AL) - HIGH SCHOOL - SIGNED
Andy Garriola, OF (Old Dominion U.) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED 
Garrett Brown, RHP (U. of Georgia) - COLLEGE REDSHIRT JR - SIGNED 
Brock Blatter, RHP (Billings Central Catholic HS - Billings, MT) - HIGH SCHOOL 
Ke'Shun Collier, OF (Meridian CC) - JC SOPH - SIGNED 

CUBS 2022 MLB RULE 4 NDFA SIGNED
TBA 

First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) Signing Bonus Pool

There is a maximum limit on the aggregate amount of money that each club can pay as signing bonuses to players selected in a First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft) before penalties begin to accrue.

Prior to the Rule 4 Draft, each MLB club is assigned a “Signing Bonus Pool” (SBP) equal to the aggregate pre-assigned bonus value of all of the club’s draft slots in the first ten rounds (including supplemental & compensatory draft picks). The higher the slot, the higher the bonus value. (The collective MLB SBP is determined in advance by calculating industry revenues). 

The Cubs 2022 Rule 4 Draft SBP is $10,092,700  

If a club fails to sign a player selected in the first ten rounds (including supplemental draft picks), the value of that slot is deducted from the club’s SBP. There is no bonus value assigned to draft slots after the 10th round, but if a club pays a signing bonus in excess of $125,000 to a player selected in the 11th round or later or to a player eligible for selection who was not drafted, the amount of that bonus in excess of $125,000 is deducted from the club’s SBP.
NOTE: A player eligible for selection in the 2022 MLB First-Year Player Draft who is not selected can be signed by any MLB club as a Non-Drafted Free-Agent (NDFA) beginning at 9 AM (Eastern) on July 20th, but clubs are not permitted to discuss with a draft-eligible player the possibility of signing the player as a NDFA prior to the draft, during the draft, or anytime after the conclusion of the draft prior to 9 AM on July 20th.  

If a club exceeds its SBP in a given Rule 4 Draft, a tax will be assessed and future Rule 4 Draft picks could be forfeited, depending on how much the club exceeded its SBP. (The club’s 1st Round draft pick in the next Rule 4 Draft is forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by 5-10%, its 1st & 2nd round draft picks in the next Rule 4 Draft are forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by 10-15%, and the club’s 1st Round picks in the next two Rule 4 Drafts are forfeited if the club exceeds its SBP by more than 15%).

Money collected from the tax on clubs that exceed their SBP will be distributed to qualifying clubs as Revenue Sharing funds, and forfeited draft picks will be reassigned by lottery. (Any club that exceeds its SBP is excluded from the lottery).

 

Rule 4 Compensation Draft Picks

A Rule 4 Draft compensation pick is awarded to a club if the club is unable to sign a player selected in one of the first three rounds of the MLB Rule 4 Draft (including compensation draft picks between rounds 1-2, 2-3, and 3-4, Competitive Balance draft picks, draft picks awarded to a club after the club loses an Article XX-B MLB Free-Agent Qualified Player, and draft picks assigned to clubs from the SBP forfeited draft pick lottery).

A club must offer a drafted player at least 40% of the slot value in order to be eligible to receive a compensation draft pick if the player does not sign. 
EXCEPTION: A club is not required to offer a drafted player at least 40% of the slot value in order to be eligible to receive a compensation draft pick if the player does not sign if the drafted player is one of the Top 50 pitchers designated by the MLB Commissioner's office prior to the draft and the pitcher declined to submit an MRI

If a player selected prior to the 3rd round of the Rule 4 Draft does not sign, the club receives an extra compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season.

If a player selected in the 3rd round of the draft does not sign, the club receives an extra compensation selection after the 3rd round in the next Rule 4 Draft, with clubs selecting in inverse order of league standings from the previous season. (In the case of two clubs finishing with the same winning percentage the previous season, league standings from two seasons back will be used to break the tie. If the clubs are still tied, league standings from three seasons back, four seasons back, etc, will be used to break the tie).
NOTE: In 2020 (only), if a player selected in the 3rd round of the Rule 4 Draft does not sign, the club receives an extra compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season rather than after the conclusion of the 3rd round. . 

A club would receive another compensation pick in the next Rule 4 Draft after that if a player selected with an extra compensation pick does not sign (same slot as the extra compensation draft pick for a player not signed after being selected prior to the 3rd round, and between the 3rd round compensation picks and the 4th round for a compensation draft pick not signed after being selected after the 3rd round), but there is no additional compensation pick awarded the following season (three years removed from the original draft pick) if a club is unable to sign that player.

A compensation draft pick awarded to a club after the club is unable to sign a player selected in a previous draft is NOT subject to forfeiture if that club signs an Article XX-B player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from another club.

Beginning with the 2018 MLB Rule 4 Draft, Article XX-B Qualified Player Compensation draft picks will be slotted between the 2nd & 3rd round of the draft (immediately after Competitive Balance Round "B"), between Rounds 1 & 2 (prior to Competitive Balance Round "A") for any club receiving revenue sharing funds that loses a Qualified Player who signs a major league contract worth more than $50M, and between rounds 4 & 5 for Competitive Balance Tax payors (club's payroll exceeds the so-called "Luxury Tax").

If a player selected with a draft pick awarded as the result of a club losing a Qualified Player does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with that compensation draft pick does not sign.

A compensation draft pick awarded to a club after losing an Article XX-B Qualified Player to another club is subject to forfeiture if that club signs a player who was extended a Qualifying Offer from another MLB club.

Rule 4 Competitive Balance Draft Picks

"Competitive Balance" Rule 4 Draft picks are slotted between the 1st and 2nd rounds (Competitive Balance Round "A") and between the 2nd and 3rd rounds (Competitive Balance Round "B").

Beginning with the 2017 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be awarded by lottery. Rather, all clubs who qualify (the ten smallest market clubs and the ten lowest revenue clubs, some of which are the same club) will receive Competitive Balance draft picks in either Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd rounds) or in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds), with each club alternating between the two rounds every-other year.

Beginning with the 2018 Rule 4 Draft, Competitive Balance draft picks will no longer be subject to forfeiture by clubs signing a Qualified Player.

A Competitive Balance draft slot can be traded only during a period of time starting on December 2nd and extending up until two hours prior to the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft). The slot cannot be traded for cash unless it is a financial adjustment made to offset the salary of one or more of the players involved in the trade. Also, a Competitive Balance draft slot can be traded only once (only by the club that was awarded the pick). Once traded, the slot cannot be "flipped" to a third club.
NOTE: 2020 and 2021 Rule 4 Competitive Balance draft picks cannot be traded beginning on March 28, 2020, and extending through the conclusion of the 2021 draft.  

If a player selected with a Competitive Balance draft pick does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than where the club selected the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with a Competitive Balance compensation draft pick does not sign.

Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft Picks

A Rule 4 SBP Forfeited draft pick that is forfeited because a club exceeded its Rule 4 Draft Signing Bonus Pool limit will be reassigned to another club by lottery to be held on the Wednesday following the MLB Rule 4 Draft signing deadline. All MLB clubs that have not exceeded its SBP limit as of that point in time are eligible to participate in this lottery.

As with Competitive Balance draft picks, Rule 4 SBP Forfeited draft picks can be traded, but only during a period of time beginning on December 2nd and extending up until two hours prior to the MLB First-Year Player Draft (MLB Rule 4 Draft), and the pick cannot be traded for cash unless it is a financial adjustment made to offset the salary of one or more of the players involved in the trade. Also, a Rule 4 forfeited draft pick can be traded only once (only by the club that was awarded the pick). Once traded, the pick cannot be "flipped" to a third club.

If a club that is awarded a Rule 4 SBP Forfeited Draft pick subsequently exceeds its SBP, the pick will be forfeited and another lottery will be held (date and time TBA by the MLB Commissioner) to allocate the pick to another club.

If a club trades a Rule 4 Forfeited Draft pick to another club, it cannot subsequently sign a player subject to the club's Rule 4 SBP if signing the player causes the club to exceed its SBP.

If a player selected with a Rule 4 Draft SBP forfeited draft pick does not sign, the club receives a compensation selection in the next Rule 4 Draft, one slot lower than the forfeited draft pick slot from the previous season. There is no further compensation if a player selected with a compensation Rule 4 Draft SBP forfeited draft pick does not sign.

International First-Year Players - Eligibility & Restrictions

The "International Signing Period" extends from July 2nd through June 15th of the following year. No international player can be signed during the period of time extending from June 16th through July 1st.
NOTE: The 2019-20 ISP has been extended until 5 PM (Eastern) on October 15th. The start of the 2020-21 ISP will commence on January 15, 2021, and extend through December 15th, and the 2021-22 ISP will commence on January 15, 2022, and extend through December 15th. No international player can be signed during the period of time beginning at 5 PM Eastern on October 15, 2020, through January 14, 2021, and during the period of time beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on December 15, 2021 through January 14, 2022.    

Any individual who is age 16 or older, has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract, resides outside the U. S., Canada, and Puerto Rico, and has not been enrolled in a high school or college in the U. S., Canada, or Puerto Rico within the previous year, can be signed during the ISP. Also, any individual age 15 who turns 16 during the ISP is eligible to sign beginning on the date he turns 16 up through August 31st or by the last day of the regular season of the minor league club to which he is first assigned (whichever comes last).  

International Signing Bonus Pool

INTERNATIONAL SIGNING BONUS POOL 

There is a maximum limit on the aggregate amount of money each MLB club can pay as signing bonuses to international first-year players.

1. Each MLB club is assigned an "International Signing Bonus Pool" (ISBP) prior to the start of the International Signing Period (ISP).
NOTE: The Cubs 2021 ISBP is $5,348,100.  

2021 ISP
$6,431,000 for an MLB club that has a selection in Competitive Balance Round "B" (between the 2nd & 3rd rounds) of the MLB Rule 4 Draft;
$5,899,600 for an MLB club that has a selection in Competitive Balance Round "A" (between the 1st & 2nd rounds) of the MLB Rule 4 Draft; 
$5,348,100 for an MLB club that does not receive Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) revenue sharing (this group includes the Cubs). 
$4,732,700 for an MLB club that does not receive CBT revenue sharing that signed a post-2019 Article XX-B Qualified Player to a 2020 MLB contract 
$4,232,700 for an MLB club that is a CBT payor that signed a post-2019 Article XX-B Qualified Player to a 2020 MLB contract 
NOTE: The Atlanta Braves 2021 ISBP is $1,572,000 as the result of penalties received from a previous season rules violation 

2. Any signing bonus of $10,000 or less does not count toward a club's ISBP limit. 

3. An MLB club (excluding clubs that receive CBT revenue sharing and MLB Rule 4 Competitive Balance draft picks) that signs an Article XX-B Qualified Player (not including its own Qualified Players) will have $500,000 subtracted from its assigned International Signing Bonus Pool (ISBP) in the next full International Signing Period (ISP) for each Qualified Player signed, and an MLB club that is a Competitive Balance Tax (CBT) payor (club's payroll from the previous season exceeded the CBT threshold) would have $1,000,000 subtracted from its ISBP in the next ISP for each Qualified Player signed. (The Competitive Balance Tax threshold was $195M in 2017, $197M in 2018, $206M in 2019, and $208M in 2020, and will be $210M in 2021).
NOTE: The Los Angeles Angels and the Philadelphia Phillies had their 2021 ISBP reduced by $500K and the New York Yankees had their 2021 ISBP reduced by $1M as the result of signing post-2019 MLB Article XX-B Qualified Players.  

4. A club can carry-over up to $400K in ISBP space from one ISP to the next ISP if a contract or contracts signed by a player or players is/are voided after the conclusion of the ISP during which the contract or contracts was/were signed. The amount of ISBP space carried-over from the previous ISP must match the amount of ISBP space that was deducted from the club's ISBP after the player or players signed their contracts. If the amount of ISBP space deducted exceeded $400K, the amount of ISBP space in excess of $400K that is carried-over to the next ISP will be divided up into 29 equal amounts and added to the ISBP of the other 29 MLB clubs. 
NOTE: A club's right to carry-over ISBP space from one ISP to the next ISP only applies to contracts that are voided as the result of the player failing his physical or being unable to obtain a visa to the U. S. or if an investigation by the MLB Commissioner determines the player falsified his age and/or identity prior to signing the contract. It does not apply to contracts voided by the MLB Commissioner as a result of a rules violation by the club.

6. The MLB Commissioner can order a club to forfeit up to 50% of its assigned ISBP from one or more ISP and/or one or more player contract(s) can be voided if it is determined that a club and/or a player or players attempted to circumvent the international signing bonus rules.

ISBP RESTRICTIONS/EXCEPTIONS

1. A international first-year player subject to ISBP restrictions cannot be signed to a Major League contract.

2. A player age 25 or older who has spent all or part of at least six seasons playing in an MLB-recognized foreign professional or "major" league is considered to be a "Foreign Professional" player. A "Foreign Professional" is not subject to ISBP international first-year player restrictions and can sign a Major League or minor league contract with any MLB organization without restriction. A signing bonus paid to a "Foreign Professional" does - NOT - count against the club’s ISBP.
NOTE: Beginning with the 2018-19 ISP, any "Foreign Professional" player under contract to a Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican League) club can sign a Major League or minor league contract with any MLB organization after the conclusion of the LMB season (including post-season), or (with consent of the player's LMB club) during the LMB season. If an MLB club signs an LMB player with "Foreign Professional" player status, the MLB club must pay the LMB club a one-time release fee equal to 15% of the total value of the contract if the player signs a Major League contract or 35% of the total value of the contract if the player signs a minor league contract. No release fee would be paid by the MLB club if the player's contract has expired or if the contract had been terminated by the LMB club prior to the MLB club offering a contract to the player.     

3. A player under contract to a Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican League) club who has not yet reached "Foreign Professional" player status may sign a minor league contract with an MLB organization - IF - the LMB club agrees to release the player so that he can sign with the MLB club. The Mexican League club would receive a one-time release fee equal to 35% of the total value of the contract (by rule an international player who is not yet a "Foreign Professional" cannot sign a Major League contract). The release fee paid by an MLB club to an LMB club does - NOT - count against the MLB club's ISBP.    
NOTE: Prior to the 2018-19 ISP, up to 75% of a signing bonus paid to a Mexican League player (or a player under contractual control of an LMB club) who had not yet reached "Foreign Professional" player status did not count against the MLB club's ISBP if the signing bonus was paid to the Mexican League club and not directly to the player and the player received no more than 25% of the signing bonus from the Mexican League club. 

4. Trading ISBP space is prohibited in 2021.

TRADING/ACQUIRING ISBP SPACE:

Trading ISBP space is prohibited in both the 2021 and 2022 ISP. 

PRIOR TO 2021

Prior to the conclusion of the 2019-20 ISP, a club could trade up to 100% of its ISBP, and a club could acquire up to 60% of its assigned ISBP via trade or trades.

While up to 100% of a club's originally-assigned ISBP (plus up to an additional 60% of the club's originally-assigned ISBP that might be acquired in a trade or trades) could be traded, there were some restrictions:

1. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) could only be traded during the International Signing Period (ISP) to which the ISBP was assigned (July 2nd through June 15th of the following year);

2. A club could trade ISBP space only in increments of $250K (including multiples of $250K) unless the club was trading all of its remaining ISBP in one transaction.

3. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) could not be sold for cash. However, cash could be exchanged if it was used to offset the salary or salaries of a player or players acquired in return for the SBV;

4. A club's ISBP (or a portion of it) could not be substituted for a "Player to Be Named Later" (PTBNL);

5. Another club's ISBP (or a portion of it) acquired in a trade could be traded ("flipped") to a third club.

Player Posting - NPB & KBO

NIPPON PROFESSIONAL BASEBALL (JAPAN):

There are two Japanese "major" leagues, the Pacific League and the Central League, with each league consisting of six teams. Together the two leagues are known as "Nippon Professional Baseball" (or "NPB").

Unless the player is released or signed by an MLB club after being posted, all NPB players remain under club control (the player is "reserved") for nine seasons. After the 9th season, the player becomes an unrestricted free-gent.

1. An NPB player who is not under the control of an NPB club can sign with any MLB club.

2. With the consent of the NPB club, an NPB player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a three-month period extending from November 1st to February 1st.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, an NPB player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a 35-day period extending from November 1st through December 5th.

3. The NPB club decides in advance on the amount of the release fee it will be paid if the player signs with an MLB club (it can be any amount up to $20M), and all MLB clubs are notified of the posting by the MLB Commissioner.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, the release fee for NPB posted players will be:
MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: If the guaranteed value of the contract is $25M or less the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract, if the guaranteed value of the contract is $50M or less but more than $25M the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract up through the first $25M and 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for any amount above $25M, and if the guaranteed value of the contract is more than $50M the release fee will be 20% of the of the guaranteed value of the contract for the first $25M, 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for the second $25M, and 15% of the guaranteed value of the contract above $50M. In addition, the MLB club must pay 15% of the value of any bonus earned, salary escalator, and/or option exercised over the length of the contract. 
MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: The release fee is 25% of the signing bonus, and the MLB club must pay a supplemental fee if the player is subsequently added to the club's MLB reserve list (40-man roster) and is tendered a Major League contract (see "MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT" above).

4. Any MLB club willing to pay the release fee can negotiate with the NPB player during a 30-day period starting on the day after the player is posted.

5. If an MLB club signs a posted NPB player, the NPB club receives the designated release fee from that MLB club. The release fee can be paid in installments over an 18-month period, with the MLB club required to pay 50% of the release fee within 14 days of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within six months of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within 12 months of the submission of the posted player's contract, and 16% of the release fee within 18 months of the submission of the posted player's contract. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).

6. If a posted NPB player does not sign with an MLB club within 30 days after being posted, the NPB club does not receive the release fee, and the player cannot be posted again until the next November 1st (unless he becomes an unrestricted free-agent in the meantime).

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


KOREA BASEBALL ORGANIZATION (SOUTH KOREA):

The Korea Baseball Organization (KBO) is the South Korean "major" league. With a new club beginning play in 2015, there are now ten teams in the KBO.

Unless the player is released or signed by an MLB club after being posted, all KBO players remain under club control (the player is "reserved") until the player's contract has expired.

1. A KBO player who is not under the control of a KBO club can sign with any MLB club.

2. With the consent of the KBO club, a KBO player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a three-month period extending from November 1st to February 1st.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, a KBO player who is under club control can be "posted" (made available to be signed by an MLB club) anytime during a 35-day period extending from November 1st through December 5th.

3. If a KBO club decides to post a player, the KBO club advises the MLB Commissioner of the posting, and then the MLB Commissioner notifies all MLB clubs. Once the posting notification is transmitted, MLB clubs have four days to decide whether to submit a bid. The bid is what the MLB club is willing to pay to the KBO club as a "release fee" if the MLB club signs the posted KBO player.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, the release fee for KBO posted players will be:
MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: If the guaranteed value of the contract is $25M or less the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract, if the guaranteed value of the contract is $50M or less but more than $25M the release fee will be 20% of the guaranteed value of the contract up through the first $25M and 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for any amount above $25M, and if the guaranteed value of the contract is more than $50M the release fee will be 20% of the of the guaranteed value of the contract for the first $25M, 17.5% of the guaranteed value of the contract for the second $25M, and 15% of the guaranteed value of the contract above $50M. In addition, the MLB club must pay 15% of the value of any bonus earned, salary escalator, and/or option exercised over the length of the contract. 
MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACT: The release fee is 25% of the signing bonus, and the MLB club must pay a supplemental fee if the player is subsequently added to the club's MLB reserve list (40-man roster) and is tendered a Major League contract (see "MAJOR LEAGUE CONTRACT" above).

4. The bidding closes at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 4th day following the posting notification. Any interested MLB club may submit a sealed (secret) bid to the MLB Commissioner prior to the deadline. There is no limit on the amount an MLB club may bid. Once the deadline has passed, the MLB Commissioner advises the KBO club if any bids were received, and if so, the amount of the winning bid, but not the identity of the club that submitted it. The KBO club then has three days to decide whether to accept the winning bid. If the KBO club accepts the bid, the MLB club that submitted the highest bid is awarded exclusive negotiation rights to the posted KBO player, but the club can negotiate with the player for no more than 30 days.
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, any MLB club willing to pay the release fee can negotiate with the KBO player during a 30-day period starting on the day after the player is posted.

5. If an MLB club signs a posted KBO player within the 30-day "window," the KBO club receives the release fee from that MLB club. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).
NOTE: Beginning with the post-2018 off-season, if an MLB club signs a posted KBO player, the KBO club receives the designated release fee from that MLB club. The release fee can be paid in installments over an 18-month period, with the MLB club required to pay 50% of the release fee within 14 days of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within six months of the submission of the posted player's contract, 17% of the release fee within 12 months of the submission of the posted player's contract, and 16% of the release fee within 18 months of the submission of the posted player's contract. (The release fee is not considered when calculating the MLB club's payroll).

6. If a KBO player does not sign with an MLB club within 30 days after being posted, the KBO club does not receive the release fee, and the player cannot be posted again until the next November 1st (unless he becomes an unrestricted free-agent in the meantime).

Minor League Contracts & Roster Rules

MINOR LEAGUE CONTRACTS & ROSTER RULES 

1. A player with no prior MLB or minor league service who signs a minor league contract ("first contract") or a free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a minor league contract must be added to an MLB club's Domestic Reserve List or International Reserve List when he is added to a minor league club's Active List or when the contract is filed with the MLB Commissioner (whichever comes first). Contracts must be filed with the MLB Commissioner within 20 days of signing.

2. A player must be added to a Domestic Reserve List immediately if the player is sent outright to the minors, is acquired in a trade, or is selected in the AAA Phase of the MLB Rule 5 Draft.

3. With the consent of the player and the club, a player who has not previously signed an MLB or minor league contract may be "Signed for Future Service" (contract is for the following season) if the player signs a minor league contract after July 1st but before January 1st and is not placed on a minor league club's Active List, Injured List, Temporarily Inactive List, or Military List  prior to the conclusion of the Minor League season. (Attendance at a post-season Instructional League and/or participation in Instructional League games do not count). The player cannot be released until he spends at least 15 days on a minor league active list or receives a (minimum) 15-day trial in Spring Training.
NOTE: The deadline to sign a player for future service was remporaruly extended from December 31, 2021, to February 28, 2022. 

4. An international free-agent with no prior MLB or minor league service or a player who was eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) who signs a minor league contract as a Non-Drafted Free-Agent (NDFA) after the draft and who is - NOT - "Signed for Future Service" must be added to a minor league reserve list and to a minor league club's Active List within 15 days or when he plays in his first game (whichever comes first). The player cannot be released until he spends at least 15 days on a minor league active list or receives a (minimum) 15-day trial in Spring Training.

5. A player who signs a minor league contract after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First Year Player Draft) must be added to a minor league club's Active List with 15 days or when he plays in his first official minor league game (whichever comes first), but the player does not count against a minor league reserve list until the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season or until he plays in an official minor league game (whichever comes first). The player cannot be released until he spends at least 15 days on a minor league active list or receives a (minimum) 15-day trial in Spring Training.

6. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, beginning;with the filing of MLB minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) and extending through the completion of the Rule 5 Draft.

7. With the approval of the MLB Commissioner, a club may assign (loan) a player signed to a minor league contract to the Active List of a minor league club in another organization, to a club in an MLB Partner League, or to a club in the Mexican League. However, the player must be returned no later than the day after the conclusion of his club's season. 

8. An MLB player who was sent outright to a minor league club during the previous season or after the conclusion of the previous season cannot be tendered a minor league contract for the following season with a salary less than 80% of his previous season's salary (what he was actually paid that season).

9. If an unsigned MLB player is outrighted to the minors after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and then is not tendered a minor league contract by January 15th, the player is a free-agent.

10. If a minor league player under club control (a minor league "auto-renewal" player) is not tendered a salary addendum by March 15th, the player is a free-agent.

11. An MLB club can automatically renew a minor league player's contract no more than six times, so a club can unilaterally control a minor league player (that is, a player not on an MLB 40-man roster) for no more than seven minor league seasons. For purposes of determining eligibility to be a free-agent, a player does not accrue a minor league season if the player spends the entire season on an MLB Active List, MLB Disabled List(s), and/or other MLB inactive list, or if the player spends an entire season on the Restricted List, Disqualified List, Suspended List, Ineligible List, Voluntarily Retired List, and/or Military List. Also, participation in a post-season instructional league, the Arizona Fall League, and/or international winter league(s) do not count toward a minor league season.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

MINOR LEAGUE MINIMUM SALARIES

Salaries are paid weekly and are pro-rated.  

BEGINNING IN 2021: 
AAA: $16,800
AA: $14,400
SINGLE-A: $12,000
EXST/AZL/GCL: $9,600
DSL: $3,000   


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

MINOR LEAGUE SERVICE TIME & ROSTER LIMITS

An MLB organization may carry no more than 180 players on its aggregate Domestic Reserve List from minor league Opening Day up until 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series, and no more than 190 players on its Domestic Reserve List beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series up until minor league Opening Day. 

If an MLB organization exceeds its Domestic Reserve List or International Reserve List maximum roster limit, the organization has up to 48 hours to make whatever roster adjustments or moves necessary to return to (or below) the reserve list limit.   

No more than 38 players may be placed on the Reserve List of a club's AAA affiliate, beginning on November 20th and extending through the conclusion of the Rule 5 Draft. 

An MLB organization may carry no more than 35 players on its International Reserve List (if the MLB club has only one DSL Affiliate) or no more than 70 players (if the MLB club has two DSL affiliates).  

Once a player is moved from a club's International Reserve List to a club's Domestic Reserve List, he cannot return to the International Reserve List without consent of the MLB Commissioner. 

Only players on the International Reserve List can play in the DSL. 

For the purpose of determining minor league roster limits & restrictions, a minor league player accrues a year of "service time" for every season in which the player spends at least 30 days on an MLB and/or minor league active list and/or injured list, unless the player spent the entire season on the Injured List.

1. Service time accrued by a player while assigned to a club or clubs in the Dominican Summer League (DSL) and/or Venezuelan Summer League (VSL) does not count when determining minor league roster limits and restrictions for minor league clubs in domestic affilated leagues.
NOTE: Although the VSL has been defunct since 2016 (last season was 2015), there are players in the minor leagues today who accrued minor league service time while assigned to a VSL club back when the VSL was still an active minor league.   

2. A position player making a position change to pitcher or a pitcher making a position change to position player receives a one-year exemption from minor league service time restrictions. However, a position player being converted to a pitcher may not be used as a position player in a minor league game during the exempt year, and a pitcher being converted to a position player may not be used as a pitcher in a minor league game during the exempt year.

3. A player on a minor league "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment does not count against the Active List or Reserve List of the affiliate to which he is assigned.

4. A maximum of three players on a minor league Injured List, Restricted List, and/or Miltary List may be assigned on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment to any one minor league affiliate at any one time, but there is no limit to the number of players who can be on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment at the organization's Spring Training Complex (including a club's Arizona or Florida complex league affiliate). There is also no limit on the number of players on an MLB Injured List, Restricted List, and/or Military List who can be assigned on a "rehabilitation" or "conditioning" assignment to any one minor league affiliate at any one time.

5. A player who has been "Signed for Future Service" can be carried on the roster of a single-A or DSL affiliate only  A player with "Signed for Future Service" status does not count against Domestic Reserve List or International Reserve List roster limits until minor league Opening Day. A maximum of 50 players in any one organization may have "Signed for Future Service" status at any one point in time, and no more than 12 players "Signed for Future Service" may be assigned to any one single-A or DSL affiliate at the same time.  

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

CUBS MINOR LEAGUE AFFILIATES

SS = Short Season League
R = Rookie League 
FR = Foreign Rookie League


IOWA (AAA)
RESERVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 38 (November 20th through Rule 5 Draft only)
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 28 / 33 (see NOTE)
NOTE: The maximum active roster limit is 28, but up to five additional players can be assigned to the MLB club's Taxi Squad
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: NONE

TENNESSEE (AA):
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 28  
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: NONE

SOUTH BEND (Hi-A):
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 30 
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Maximum two players and one player-coach with six or more years of service time (not including DSL/VSL service time)

MYRTLE BEACH (Lo-A): 
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 30  
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: Maximum two players with five or more years of service time (not including DSL/VSL service time)

ACL CUBS (SS-R):
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: NONE (maximum 25 players designated "active" for each game, not including players on rehab assignment)
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: No players with three or more years of service time (VSL/DSL service time excluded)

DSL CUBS BLUE (SS-FR): 
ROSTER RESTRICTIONS: International players only (maximum two players from Puerto Rico)
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 35 (maximum 25 players designated "active" for each game)
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: No players with four or more years of service time (including DSL/VSL service time) 

DSL CUBS RED (SS-FR):
ROSTER RESTRICTIONS: International players only (maximum two players from Puerto Rico)
ACTIVE LIST ROSTER LIMIT: 35 (maximum 25 players designated "active" for each game)
SERVICE TIME LIMITS: No players with four or more years of service time (including DSL/VSL service time)

There is no Active List roster limit for the Cubs Extended Spring Training and post-season Instructional Leagues ("instructs") squads.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


CUBS MINOR LEAGUE ROSTERS (last updated 9-30-2022):

* bats or throws left
# bats both

Players on Optional Assignment from MLB Reserve List are in green
Players on Article XIX-C Minor League Rehab Assignment are in blue
Players Signed for Future Service (2023 contract) are underlined in orange
Players signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft are underlined in purple 

DOMESTIC RESERVE LIST 

159 players are RESERVED (11 slots are open), plus three players are on the RESTRICTED LIST, 23 are on the 60-DAY IL, and ten are 2022 MLB le 4 Draft picks who have not played in a game or been placed on a minor league inactive list 

AAA 

IOWA:

34 players (including six on OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT), plus one player is on the RESTRICTED LIST and three are on the 60-DAY IL

PITCHERS: 18+3  
Andres Bonalde (RESTRICTED LIST)
James Bourque (60-DAY IL) 
Kervin Castro
Danis Correa
Anderson Espinoza
Jeremiah Estrada

* Stephen Gonsalves (60-DAY IL
Jonathan Holder 
* Bryan Hudson
Kyle Johnson
Caleb Kilian
Ben Leeper 
* Brendon Little
Dakota Mekkes 
* Sean Newcomb
* C. D. Pelham 
Peyton Remy 
Cam Sanders
* Wyatt Short
Matt Swarmer 
Cayne Ueckert

CATCHERS: 3 
Erick Castillo
John Hicks 
Tyler Payne 

INFIELDERS: 7  
* Christian Donahue
Trent Giambrone 
Levi Jordan
Scott McKeon
* Matt Mervis
* Carlos Sepulveda
Jared Young

OUTFIELDERS: 6+1  
 Alexander Canario 
Narciso Crook
Brennen Davis
* Donnie Dewees (60-DAY IL) 
Clint Jackson Frazier 
Michael Hermosillo
* Darius Hill


TENNESSEE:

37 players (including two on OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT), plus one player is on the RESTRICTED LIST and six are on the 60-DAY IL 

AA

PITCHERS: 22+5
Max Bain 
Hunter Bigge
Craig Brooks (RESTRICTED LIST)
Ben Brown
* Burl Carraway (60-DAY IL)
Chris Clarke
Richard Gallardo 
Ben Hecht ) 
* D. J. Herz 
* Bailey Horn
Ryan Jensen
* Bryan King (60-DAY IL)
* Scott Kobos
Zac Leigh 
Brailyn Marquez  
* Riley Martin
Michael McAvene
Eduarniel Nunez
* Jack Patterson (60-DAY IL)  
Walker Powell 
Samuel Reyes
* Dalton Stambaugh
Riley Thompson
Dauris Valdez (60-DAY IL
* Jordan Wicks  
Blake Whitney
Jarod Wright
 
CATCHERS: 4+1
Miguel Amaya 
* Tim Susnara (60-DAY IL
Jake Washer 
Harrison Wenson  
* Bryce Windham 

INFIELDERS: 6 
* Bryce Ball
Jake Slaughter
Chase Strumpf 
* Andy Weber
Luis Vazquez
Delvin Zinn

OUTFIELDERS: 5+1
* D. J. Artis 
Brad Beesley (60-DAY IL
# Zach Davis
Nelson Maldonado
# Yonathan Perlaza
* Cole Roederer


SOUTH BEND:

27 players, plus one player is on the RESTRICTED LIST and six are on the 60-DAY IL  

Hi-A

PITCHERS: 14+6  
Jose Albertos (60-DAY IL)
Jesus Camargo (RESTRICTED LIST)
Derek Casey (60-DAY IL)
Yovanny Cruz (60-DAY IL
Bradford Deppermann 
Luis Devers
Manuel Espinoza (60-DAY IL
Kohl Franklin
Porter Hodge
Gabriel Jaramillo
Chris Kachmar
* Adam Laskey 
* Luke Little
Joe Nahas
Daniel Palencia 
Sheldon Reed
Bailey Reid
Jake Reindl 
Tyler Schlaffer 
Alfredo Zarraga (60-DAY IL)  

CATCHERS: 3
Pablo Aliendo
Caleb Knight   
# Casey Opitz

INFIELDERS: 5+1
Ed Howard IV (60-DAY IL
Kevin Made 
# B. J. Murray 
Fabian Pertuz
Yeison Santana
Luis Verdugo  

OUTFIELDERS: 5
* Owen Caissie 
* Pete Crow-Armstrong 
Jordan Nwogu
* Yohendrick Pinango 
* Jonathan Sierra


MYRTLE BEACH:

36 players, plus four players are on the 60-DAY IL    
  
Lo-A

PITCHERS: 21+3 
Michael Arias (ex-SS) 
Yovanny Cabrera
Kelvin Feliz (60-DAY IL
Angel Gonzalez
Saul Gonzalez
* Drew Gray (60-DAY IL
* Angel Hernandez
Nick Hull
Grant Kipp 
* Joel Machado (60-DAY IL)
Brody McCullough
Anthony Mendez
Gregori Montano 
Koen Moreno
Johzan Oquendo
Mathew Peters 
* Luis Angel Rodriguez
Oliver Roque
* Andricson Salvador
Tyler Santana 
Frankie Scalzo Jr 
Sam Thoresen 
* Didier Vargas   
* Chase Watkins 

CATCHERS: 4 
* Moises Ballesteros  
* Ethan Hearn
Haydn McGeary
# Malcom Quintero

INFIELDERS: 7
# Josue Huma 
Juan Mora
# Reggie Preciado 
# Pedro Ramirez
Liam Spence
Felix Stevens 
James Triantos Jr 

OUTFIELDERS: 4+1 
Kevin Alcantara
* Parker Chavers  
Christian Franklin (60-DAY IL
* Ezequiel Pagan
* Jacob Wetzel 

 
ACL CUBS
33 players, plus ten 2022 MLB Rule 4 Draft picks who have not played in a game or been placed on a minor league inative list and four on the 60-DAY IL   

PITCHERS: 13+14  
Elian Almanzar 
Brandon Birdsell
Garrett Brown
 
* Wilson Cunningham (60-DAY IL)
Jackson Ferris 
Wilfri Figuereo  
Will Frisch (60-DAY IL
Dominic Hambley 
Cody Horton
Anthony Martinez
Shane Marshall 
Mason McGwire 
Gleiber Morales 
Nazier Mule
Connor Noland
 
Branden Noriega 
Kenyi Perez
Starlyn Pichardo 
Erian Rodriguez
Cristian Rojas
Jose Romero
Luis Rujano 
Tomy Sanchez
* Marino Santy 
Joel Sierra (60-DAY IL
Kevin Valdez
JP Wheat (60-DAY IL

CATCHERS: 5 
* Dilan Granadillo
Fredy Montenegro
Miguel Pabon (ex-INF)
* Ronnier Quintero
* Wally Soto

INFIELDERS: 8
* Miguel Fabrizio
# Reivaj Garcia 
Cristian Hernandez
Rafael Morel 
Christian Olivo 
Christopher Paciolla
* Anderson Surriel 
# Esmarly Tatis

OUTFIELDERS: 7 
Brayan Altuve
Ke'Shun Collier
Raino Coran  
Andy Garriola 
Frank Hernandez
* Ismael Mena
* Cristian More


INTERNATIONAL RESERVE LIST  

69 players are RESERVED (one slot is open), plus four are on 60-DAY IL and two are on the RESTRICTED LIST 


DSL CUBS BLUE: 34 players, plus four on 60-DAY IL

PITCHERS: 18+1
Gabriel Agrazal
David Bracho  
Diego Dugarte 
Joandy Duran (60-DAY IL
Leury Gomez 
Charbel Gonzalez
Yoendris Gonzalez
* Zhiorman Imbriano 
Jair Jimenez 
Joel Jimenez
Luis Marte 
Adrian Martinez 
Abel Moya
Eligio Paredes 
Welington Quintero 
Jensi Ramirez 
Luis Rafael Reyes
Adrian Santana
Yafrerlyn Vasquez 

CATCHERS: 3
Abel DeLeon 
* Jairo Diaz
Dilver Gomez 

INFIELDERS: 7+1
# Ezequiel Alvarez (60-DAY IL) 
* Jose Escobar 
Moises Febrillet
Jose Herrera 
Geuri Lubo 
* Luis Maza
Jefferson Rojas
# Sandy Sanchez 

OUTFIELDERS: 6+2 
* Josefrailin Alcantara 
Albert Belliard
Wilmer Bolivar (60-DAY IL
Leonel Espinoza (60-DAY IL)
Daniel Ferreira 
* Raul Guzman
* Jerry Torres
Edward Vargas


DSL CUBS RED  35 players, plus two on RESTRICTED LIST  

PITCHERS: 18+2 
* Melvyn Amador 
Juan Bello 
Yohan Crispin 
Kenneddy Delgado
Anderson Feliz (RESTRICTED LIST
* Carlos Garcia 
Stanley Guzman
Scarlyn Lebron 
Fraiman Marte
Wilme Mora
David Olivo 
Luis Alberto Reyes 
* Samuel Rodriguez
Wilber Rodriguez
Yenrri Rojas 
Alfredo Romero 
Albaro Santana (RESTRICTED LIST)
Freilyn Silverio 
Runelvis Toribio
Irving Vazquez

CATCHERS: 4
Ioannis Aleksandrov
Yidel Diaz
Carlos Ramos 
Adan Sanchez

INFIELDERS: 6
Carlos Altuve
# Elizaul Chalas 
Andrws Cruz 
Joan Delgado
Alexis Hernandez
Lizardo Ruiz  

OUTFIELDERS: 7
Daniel Benschop
Andres Bonolis  
* Darlyn DeLeon 
* Oferman Hernandez 
Erbin Jaque 
Josias Ramirez 
Julio Valdez 
​​
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


CUBS PLAYER DEVELOPMENT & MINOR LEAGUE STAFF 
VICE PRESIDENT - DIRECTOR OF PLAYER DEVELOPMENT: Jared Banner
DIRECTOR OF PITCHING: Craig Breslow 
DIRECTOR OF HITTING: Justin Stone 
FIELD COORDINATOR: Ed Blankmeyer 
PITCHING DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR: Casey Jacobson 
PITCHING PERFORMANCE COORDINATOR: James Ogden 
ASSISTANT PITCHING DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR: Carlos Chantres
ASSISTANT PITCHING PERFORMANCE COORDINATOR: Mike Mason 
HITTING COORDINATOR: Dustin Kelly
ASSISTANT HITTING COORDINATOR: Tom Beyers
CATCHING COORDINATOR: Mark Johnson
INFIELD COORDINATOR: Ryan Serena 
OUTFIELD & BASERUNNING COORDINATOR: Doug Dascenzo
DOMINICAN ACADEMY FIELD COORDINATOR: Dave Keller
MENTAL SKILLS PROGRAM COORDINATOR: Bob Tewksbury
MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATOR: David DaSilva
LATIN AMERICAN MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATOR: Javier Guerrero 
IOWA: Marty Pevey (Manager), Ron Villone (Pitching Coach), Desi Wilson (Hitting Coach), Griffin Benedict (Bench Coach), and Thomas Boucher (Assistant Coach)
TENNESSEE: Michael Ryan (Manager), Jamie Vermilyea (Pitching Coach), Rick Strickland (Hitting Coach), Nick Lovullo (Bench Coach), and Walker Gentz (Assistant Coach)
SOUTH BEND: Lance Rymel (Manager), Tony Cougoule (Pitching Coach), Dan Puente (Hitting Coach), and D'Angelo Jimenez (Assistant Coach)
MYRTLE BEACH: Buddy Bailey (Manager), Clayton Mortensen (Pitching Coach), Dan Pollakov (Hitting Coach), and Jovanny Rosario (Assistant Coach)
ACL CUBS: Edgar Perez (Manager), Armando Gabino (Pitching Coach), Doug Willey (Pitching Coach), Rachel Folden (Hitting Coach), Eric Patterson (Hitting Coach), and Yovanny Cuevas (Assistant Coach) 
MESA REHAB: Josh Zeid (Rehab Pitching Coordinator), Connor Rooney (Rehab Coach), amd Austin Shumaker (Rehab Catcher) 
DSL CUBS BLUE: Carlos Ramirez (Manager), Jose Zapata (Pitching Coach), Chris Pieters (Hitting Coach), and Raymond Pena (Assistant Coach) 
DSL CUBS RED: Enrique Wilson (Manager), Luis Hernandez (Pitching Coach), Collin Andrews (Hitting Coach), and Johnny Bethancourt (Assistant Coach) 
MINOR LEAGUE MEDICAL COORDINATOR: Mike McNulty 
MINOR LEAGUE ASSISTANT MEDICAL COORDINATOR: James Edwards
ATHLETIC TRAINING COORDINATOR (MESA REHAB): Jonathan Fierro
ATHLETIC TRAINERS: Ed Halbur and Logan Severson (Iowa),  German Suncin (Tennessee), Seth Clapp (South Bend), Nick Roberts (Myrtle Beach), Maggie Lowenthar (ACL Cubs), Leroy Martinez (DSL Cubs Blue) and Arnoldo Goite (DSL Cubs Red)
MINOR LEAGUE STRENGTH, CONDITIONING, AND PERFORMANCE SCIENCE COORDINATOR: Cory Kennedy 
STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COORDINATOR (MESA REHAB): Doug Jarrow  
STRENGTH & CONDITIONING COACHES: Matt Hall (Iowa), Cory Chapp (Tennessee), Dominick Petry-Tremblay (South Bend), Mark Weisman (Myrtle Beach), Ryan Clausen and John Abbott (ACL Cubs), Phillip Garcia-Herrera  (DSL Cubs Blue), and Amaury Gonzalez (DSL Cubs Red)

Minor League Free Agency

A minor league player can become a free-agent six ways: 

1. Outright Release
2. Per Article XX-B of the CBA 
3. Per Article XX-D of the CBA
4. Per Article XIX-A of the CBA
5. Per MLB Rule 9 
6. Non-tender 

OUTRIGHT RELEASE: Unlike for players on an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), Outright Release Waivers are not required to release a minor league player. A released minor league player receives two weeks termination pay if he is released during Spring Training or during the minor league season, but the player receives no termination pay if he is released during the off-season before the next season's salary addendum has been added to the player's contract. A minor league player who is injured during the course of Spring Training (Minor League Camp) or the minor league regular season receives two weeks termination pay if he is released no later than the 14th day of his club's regular season, but the injured player receives a full season's salary if he is released after the 14th day of his club's regular season. 

ARTICLE XX-B: If an Article XX-B MLB free-agent signs a minor league contract at least ten days prior to MLB Opening Day, and then is either not released by 12 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day prior to MLB Opening Day or added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or MLB Disabled List by 3 PM (Eastern) on MLB Opening Day, the player automatically receives a $100,000 retention bonus, and the player can unilaterally opt-out of the minor league contract on June 1st if he has not been added to an MLB Active List (25-man roster) or an MLB Disabled List by that date. 

ARTICLE XX-D: Any MLB player who has accrued at least three years of MLB service time, or who was eligible for Salary Arbitration as a "Super Two" after the previous season, and/or who has been outrighted previously in his career, has the right to be a free-agent if the player is outrighted to the minors. The player can exercise this right upon being outrighted, or (but only in the case of a player who has accrued at least three years of MLB Service Time and/or has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career) he can opt to defer the right until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season (he is given two days to decide if he is outrighted during Spring Training or the MLB regular season, and he has three days to make up his mind if he is outrighted during the off-season). If a player eligible to be a free-agent under Article XX-D elects to be a free-agent immediately after being outrighted, the player's contract is terminated and the player receives no termination pay. (Because unsigned players do not receive termination pay, players eligible to be minor league free-agents under Article XX-D who are outrighted during the off-season before being tendered a contract for the following season almost always opt for free-agency immediately). But if the outrighted player accepts the Outright Assignment, the player's existing contract remains in force, and the player can elect free-agency beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up through October 15th. (A player who had the option to elect free-agency upon being outrighted only because he had been eligible for Salary Arbitration as a "Super Two" after the previous season does NOT have the right to defer free-agency until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season). However, an outrighted player who deferred the right to be an Article XX-D minor league free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is added back to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

ARTICLE XIX-A: Any MLB player who has accrued at least five years of MLB Service Time (or any international player with Article XIX-A contractual rights) has the right to be a free-agent if the player is optioned or outrighted to the minors. The player can exercise this right upon being optioned or outrighted to the minors, or he can defer the right until after the conclusion of the MLB regular season (he is given two days to decide if he is optioned or outrighted during Spring Training or the MLB regular season, and he has three days to make up his mind if he is outrighted during the off-season). If a player eligible to be a free-agent under Article XIX-A elects to be a free-agent immediately after being optioned or outrighted, the player's contract is terminated and the player receives no termination pay. (Because unsigned players do not receive termination pay, players eligible to be minor league free-agents under Article XIX-A who are outrighted during the off-season before being tendered a contract for the following season almost always opt for free-agency immediately). But if the player accepts the Optional or Outright Assignment, the player's existing contract remains in force, and the player can elect free-agency beginning on the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up through October 15th. However, an Article XIX-A  player who deferred the right to be an Article XX-D minor league free-agent until the conclusion of the MLB regular season is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is added back to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the conclusion of the MLB regular season. 

MLB RULE 9 (FORMERLY MLB RULE 55): An unsigned minor league player is automatically declared a free-agent at 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series (the deadline is October 15th if the World Series is canceled) if the player has spent all or any part of at least seven separate seasons on a minor league roster (including all or parts of any season spent on Optional Assignment to the minors and/or on a minor league Injured List) and/or if the player has been previously released or non-tendered in his career and his present contract (known as a "second contract" even if it's his third or fourth minor league contract) has expired. For purposes of determining eligibility to be a minor league free-agent where spending seven separate seasons on a minor league roster is required, a player does not accrue a minor league season if the player spends the entire season on an MLB Active List, MLB Disabled List(s), and/or other MLB inactive list, or if the player spends an entire season on the Restricted List, Disqualified List, Suspended List, Ineligible List, Voluntarily Retired List, and/or Military List. Also, participation in a post-season instructional league or winter league and/or the Arizona Fall League (AFL) does not count toward a minor league season if the player otherwise did not accrue a minor league season that year. Note that a player who ordinarily would have been declared a Rule 55 minor league free-agent is NOT eligible to be a free-agent if the player is either added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) or agrees to a minor league successor contract prior to 5 PM (Eastern) on the 5th day after the final game of the World Series.  

NON-TENDER: If an unsigned MLB player is outrighted to a minor league club after the conclusion of the MLB regular season and then is not tendered a minor league contract by January 15th (or January 14th if January 15th falls on a Saturday or January 13th if January 15th falls on a Sunday), the player is a free-agent. If a minor league player under club control (a minor league "auto-renewal" player) is not tendered a salary addendum by March 15th, the player is a free-agent.

A minor league free-agent can sign a major league or minor league contract with any club (including the player's former club) without any restrictions.

A club receives no compensation for losing a minor league free-agent.

LAST UPDATED: 9-30-2022

2022 ARTICLE XX-B MINOR LEAGUE PLAYER:
NONE AT THIS TIME 

POST-2022 ARTICLE XX-D MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENT
Clint Jackson Frazier, OF
Michael Hermosillo, OF 
Sean Newcomb, LHP

POST-2022 ARTICLE XIX-A MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENT
NONE AT THIS TIME 

MLB RULE 9 FREE-AGENT POST-2022 WORLD SERIES:

SIX-YEAR MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENTS POST-2022:
Jose Albertos, RHP 
James Bourque, RHP 
Erick Castillo, C 
Kervin Castro, RHP 
Zach Davis, OF 
Donnie Dewees, OF 
Trent Giambrone, INF 
Stephen Gonsalves, LHP 
John Hicks, C 
Jonathan Holder, RHP 
Bryan Hudson, LHP 
Dakota Mekkes, RHP 
Tyler Payne, C 
C. D. Pelham, LHP
Yonathan Perlaza, OF 
Carlos Sepulveda, INF 
Wyatt Short, LHP 
Jonathan Sierra, OF 
Matt Swarmer, RHP 
Dauris Valdez, RHP 
Delvin Zinn, INF

SECOND CONTRACT MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS (see NOTE below)
Michael Arias, RHP (previously released by TOR)
Stanley Guzman, RHP (previously released by TEX)
Kyle Johnson, RHP (previously released by NYY)
Fraiman Marte, RHP (previously released by STL)
Abel Moya, RHP (previously released by LAD)
Dalton Stambaugh, LHP (previously released by BAL)
Tim Susnara, C (previously released by AZ)
Harrison Wenson, C (previously released by LAA)
NOTE: With mutual consent (player & club), a second-contract minor league player who has accrued fewer than seven minor league seasons can be signed to a multi-year minor league contract with club control extending up through the player's seventh minor league season. So it is possible that one or more of the Cubs minor league second contract players are signed beyond the 2022 season (TBD).

Arizona Fall League & AZ Instructional League

ARIZONA FALL LEAGUE (AFL)

The Arizona Fall League (AFL) is an MLB developmental league (approximately equivalent to "AA") that operates in the Phoenix metropolitan area for six weeks after the MLB-affiliated minor leagues have concluded their seasons. It was founded in 1992, the  "brain-child" of long-time MLB executive Roland Hemond. The AFL operated continuously for 27 seasons. until the 2020 season was canceled due to the CoViD-19 pandemic. Games are played in MLB Spring Training stadiums.  

2022 AFL Opening Day will be on Monday, October 3rd, and the AFL regular season will conclude on Thursday, November 10th.

The 2022 AFL schedule will continue to feature a 30-game "regular season." Each AFL team will play five or six games per week, with a total of six games (three home / three road) played against the other five AFL teams.

The 2022 AFL Championship Game will be played on Saturday, November 12th. For the first time, the six AFL teams wil play as one league (no divisions), with the second and third place teams playing a semi-final "play-in" game on Friday, November 11th, and then the winner of the "play in" game will face the first place team in the AFL Championship Game the next day.   

An All-Star Game known as the "Fall Stars Game" will be played on Sunday, November 6th.   

The Cubs (as well as the other 29 MLB clubs) usually assign some of their better prospects to the Arizona Fall League, and sometimes minor leaguers who are eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 5 Draft might be sent to the AFL to give them a chance to play their way onto the MLB 40-man roster. Others might be assigned because of  missing significant time during the minor league regular season due to injury.     

Here are the current (2022) AFL eligibility rules & restrictions. 

1. There are six AFL teams, and each AFL team is affiliated with five MLB clubs. SEA & SD (Peoria Javelinas), KC & TEX (Surprise Saguaros), LAD & CHW (Glendale Desert Dogs), AZ & COL (Salt River Rafters), CUBS (Mesa Solar Sox), and SF (Scottsdale Scorpions) are the "host organizations" for the six AFL teams, but the affiliations of the other twenty MLB clubs can vary from year-to-year. MIA, OAK, TB, and NYY are the other four MLB Organiozations affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2022.
NOTE: BAL, MIA, OAK, and TOR were the other four MLB Organizations affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2021, the AFL season was canceled due to CoViD in 2020, CLE, DET, LAA, and OAK were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2019, BOS, DET, LAA, and OAK were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the Mesa Solar Sox in 2018, DET, HOU, OAK, and WAS were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the Solar Sox in 2017, and BAL, CLE, MIA, and OAK were the other four MLB organizations affiliated with the MSS in 2016.

2. Each MLB organization must assign a minimum of seven players under its control to its AFL affiliate, including a minimum of four pitchers (preferably at least one pitcher capable of starting) and a minimum of three position players (specific positions needed to be filled by each organization TBD by a conference call "position draft" between the Player Development Directors of the five MLB organizations affiliated with that particular AFL team). 
NOTE: RHP Danis Correa, RHP Ryan Jensen, RHP Caleb Kilian, LHP Brendon Little, INF Luis Vazquez, OF Nelson Velazquez and INF Andy Weber, were the seven Cubs players assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox in 2021, the AFL was canceled due to CoViD in 2020, C Miguel Amaya, RHRP Scott Effross, LHRP Jordan Minch, INF Zack Short, RHSP Keegan Thompson, RHSP Erich Uelmen, and 1B-OF Jared Young were assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox in 2019, RHRP Bailey Clark, INF-OF Trent Giambrone, C-INF P. J. Higgins, SS Nico Hoerner, C Jhonny Pereda, LHSP Justin Steele, RHSP Erick Leal, LHRP Manuel Rondon, and OF D. J. Wilson were assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox in 2018, RHSP Adbert Alzolay, RHRP Pedro Araujo, INF David Bote, OF Charcer Burks, RHSP Alec Mills, C-1B Ian Rice, RHRP Jake Stinnett, and 3B-1B Jason Vosler were assigned to the Solar Sox in 2017 (RHSP Oscar de la Cruz was removed from the Solar Sox roster on 9/18 due to injury and was replaced Alzolay), and C-1B Victor Caratini, RHRP James Farris, 2B-OF Ian Happ, LF Eloy Jimenez, RHRP Ryan McNeil, RHRP Steve Perakslis, and RHSP Duane Underwood Jr were  assigned to the Solar Sox in 2016.

3. An MLB organization can assign additional position-players to its AFL team's "Taxi Squad." Players assigned to an AFL team's "Taxi Squad" can play in no more than two games per week (it used to be Wednesday and Saturday games only, but now it's just no more than two games per week regardless of the day), but a player can be transferred from the Taxi Squad to the 35-man Active Roster to replace an injured or inactive player. 
NOTE: INF-OF Trent Giambrone and C Jhonny Pereda were assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox Taxi Squad in 2018, C-1B Ian Rice was assigned to the Mesa Solar Sox Taxi Squad in 2017 and he replaced David Bote on the MSS Active Roster with about two weeks left in the AFL season after Bote left the team to attend to a personal matter, and while the Cubs initially did not assign any players to the Solar Sox Taxi Squad in 2016, OF-DH Kyle Schwarber was briefly assigned to the MSS Taxi Squad 10/22-10/25 while preparing to play in the World Series. 

4. A player can be selected to play in the AFL more than once. 

5. All MLB and minor league players under the control of an MLB organization are now eligible to play in the AFL. 
NOTE: Prior to 2019, an MLB player (including players selected in a preceding Rule 5 Draft) with less than one year (1+000) MLB Service Time accrued (not including time spent on an Injured List) as of September 1st and players who were on the Active List, Injured List, or Temporariliy Inactive List of an MLB minor league affiliate (regardless of classification) on August 15th were eligible, international players frrom the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico, and/or Australia were eligible only if the player was not on the reserve list of a Winter League club from the player's home country, and a player who was on a minor league or MLB Injured List at the close of the regular season was eligible to play in the AFL as long as the player had been reinstated, but there could be no special limits or restrictions placed on the player's playing time (other than the automatic restrictions imposed on a player assigned to an AFL team's "Taxi Squad"). 

6. A player must be invited by his MLB organization to participate in the AFL and then the player must accept the invitation before he can be assigned an AFL team. 

7. A player on an MLB or minor league injured list of an MLB or minor league club that is still in the process of playing regular season or post-season games must be reinstated before he can be assigned to the AFL.
NOTE: OF-DH Kyle Schwarber was added to the 2016 Mesa Solar Sox Taxi Squad on 10/22 only after being reinstated from the Cubs MLB 60-day DL (so therefore it was NOT considered a "rehab assignment"), and he played in two AFL games before re-joining the Cubs for the World Series on 10/25.  

8. A player on the Restricted List, Military List, Disqualified List, Ineligible List, or Voluntary Retired List is not eligible to participate in the AFL.

9. All players assigned to an AFL team receive the same salary and the salaries are paid out of a special fund managed by MLB.

10. Only players who are under control of an MLB organization are eligible to play in the AFL. A free-agent (unsigned player) is not eligible to play in the AFL.

Each MLB organization provides either the manager, a pitching coach, a hitting coach, or a bench coach to its affiliated AFL club (assignments rotate every year). The Cubs are providing the bench coach to their AFL club in 2022.

CUBS ASSIGNED TO MESA SOLAR SOX in 2021 (updated 9-20-2022): 
Owen Caissie, OF 
Brennen Davis, OF 
Bailey Horn, LHP 
Zac Leigh, RHP 
Matt Mervis, 1B 
Riley Martin, LHP 
B. J. Murray, 1B  
Sheldon Reed, RHP 
NOTE: One Cubs position player still TBA as of 9/13 

Eric Patterson, Bench Coach 

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

ARIZONA INSTRUCTIONAL LEAGUE (AZIL):

The Arizona Instructional League (known informally as "Instructs") has been in continuous existence for well over 60 years.

This year, Cubs AZ Instructs will begin on September 20th and conclude on October 16th.

Typically, clubs will only assign players with experience below the AA level to Instructs, although occasionally an older player will be assigned to work on one particular phase of his game or to rehab from an injury.

Clubs with Spring Training homes in Arizona are not required to operate a team in the AZIL, and MLB clubs that do operate an "instructs" team are not required to schedule games against teams from other organizations.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2022 CUBS ARIZONA INSTRUCTIONAL LEAGUE ROSTER (last updated 9-22-2022) 

63 players 

* bats or throws left 
# bats both 

PITCHERS
: 30 
Michael Arias 
Max Bain 
Brandon Birdsell 
* Jackson Ferris
* Carlos Garcia 
Angel Gonzalez 
Yoendris Gonzalez
* Bailey Horn 
Cade Horton 
Nick Hull 
Grant Kipp 
Zac Leigh 
* Luke Little 
Michael McAvene 
Brody McCullough 
Mason McGwire 
Koen Moreno 
Nazier Mule 
* Branden Noriega 
Eligio Paredes 
Kenyi Perez 
Mathew Peters 
Jake Reindl 
Wilbur Rodriguez
Luis Rujano 
* Marino Santy 
Frankie Scalzo 
Joel Sierra 
Freilyn Silverio 
Kevin Valdez 

CATCHERS: 9 
Yoanis Aleksandrov 
David Avitia 
* Moises Ballesteros 
* Ethan Hearn 
Haydn McGeary 
Miguel Pabon 
Malcom Quintero 
Carlos Ramos 
Adan Sanchez 

INFIELDERS: 11 
# Ezequiel Alvarez
Alexis Hernandez 
Cristian Hernandez
Rafael Morel 
Christian Olivo 
Christopher Paciolla 
# Reggie Preciado 
# Pedro Ramirez 
Jefferson Rojas 
* Anderson Suriel 
James Triantos 

OUTFIELDERS: 13 
* Josefrailyn Alcantara 
Kevin Alcantara 
Brayan Altuve 
* Parker Chavers 
* KeShun Collier 
Raino Coran 
Leonel Espinoza 
Andy Garriola
Frank Hernandez 
Erbin Jaque 
* Ismael Mena 
* Cristian More
* Yohendrick Pinango 

FIELD COORDINATOR
Ed Blankmeyer 

PITCHING DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR
Casey Jacobson 

PITCHING PERFORMANCE COORDINATOR
James Ogden 

ASSISTANT PITCHING DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR
Carlos Chantres 

ASSISTANT PITCHING PERFORMANCE COORDINATOR
Mike Mason 

HITTING COORDINATOR
Dustin Kelly 

ASSISTANT HITTING COORDINATOR
Tom Beyers 

CATCHING COORDINATOR
Mark Johnson 

INFIELD COORDINATOR
Ryan Serena 

OUTFIELD & BASERUNNING COORDINATOR:
Doug Dascenzo 

MENTAL SKILLS COORDINATOR
David DaSilva 

COACHES
Yovanny Cuevas 
Rachel Folden 
Armando Gabino 
Eric Patterson 
Doug Willey