The MLB Ineligible List is the "capital punishment" of baseball, reserved for individuals who have been indefinitely or permanently banned from baseball, usually related to "throwing" games, betting on baseball, or consorting with gamblers, but it also could involve something like embezzlement of funds, or a significant drug-related offense, or a hate crime, or some heinous activity.
Individuals are placed on the Ineligible List by the MLB Commissioner, and once placed on the Ineligible List a player must remain on the list for at least one year.
A player on the Ineligible List does not count against his club's Active List or Reserve List, and he does not accrue service time or get paid while on the list.
An MLB player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through October 31st and a minor league player on the Ineligible List cannot be reinstated during the period of time extending from August 1st through the conclusion of his club's season (including post-season).
A player reinstated from the Ineligible List must be added back to his club's Reserve List within 30 days if he is reinstated prior to August 1st, or by Opening Day if the player is reinstated during the off-season.
If an MLB player on the Ineligible List is reinstated during the MLB regular season, he may consent to a "conditioning" assignment (with or without pay - TBD) with a minor league affiliate of his club for up to 30 days prior to being reinstated to the MLB Reserve List.
NOTE: A player receives MLB meal money and other benefits associated with being an MLB player while on a minor league "conditioning" assignment.
If a player is assigned to another club after reinstatement he must be placed on that club's Reserve List immediately.