Two 2019 MLB Rules Changes of Note

7/5 RE-POST: I posted this about three months ago, but here it is again since we are within a month of the 2019 MLB trade deadline... 

4/9 ORIGINAL POST 


There were a couple of changes of note made to MLB Rules in 2019 (they were officially approved this week), one pertaining to Trade Assignment Waivers and the MLB Trade Deadline, and the other with regard to Outright Assignment Waiver claims. 

One change was reported (with much fanfare but without much detail) in the media, but the other one was not reported at all.

So here they both are (in somewhat greater detail).  

1. MLB TRADE DEADLINE

A trade involving a player signed to an MLB contract (any player on an MLB Reserve List including players on Optional Assignment to the minors, MLB 60-day Injured List, or MLB Restricted List, and/or any player who was outrighted to the minors after signing an MLB contract for that season) is prohibited beginning at 4 PM (Eastern) on July 31st (or 4 PM Eastern on Friday July 30th if July 31st falls on a Saturday, or 4 PM Eastern on Monday August 1st if July 31st falls on a Sunday) and extending until the day after the final game of the World Series.  
NOTE: Trade Assignment Waivers (which permitted the trading of players on MLB reserve lists after the July 31st deadline up until 12 PM Eastern on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season) have been eliminated starting with the 2019 season. 

HOWEVER

A trade involving a player on a minor league reserve list (excluding any player on a minor leaue reserve list who was outrighted to the minors after signing an MLB contract for that season and any player selected in the June First-Year Player Draft) are permitted after July 31 and extending up until 12 PM (Eastern) on the 7th day prior to the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season, and then are prohibited for only about a week, through the last day of the MLB regular season (including a day in which a Game #163 and Game #164 tie-breaker game is played or a day in which a re-scheduled game is played after the originally-scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season). However, a player on Optional Assignment to the minors - CAN - be a PTBNL in a trade made involving a player on a minor league reserve list after July 31 as long as the optioned player is not added to an MLB Active List anytime after the trade is consumated up until the PTBNL is named (which must happen within six months, but not before the conclusion of the World Series if the PTBNL is a player on an MLB 40-man roster who was on Optional Assignment when the trade was made).      

SO... 

So while trades involving MLB players (including players on Optional Assignment to the minors and minor league players who were outrighted to the minors sometime previously that year except as they might be a PTBNL) are prohibited after the July 31 deadline, most minor league players (that is, players on minor league reserve lists) can be traded up until a week prior to the scheduled conclusion of the MLB regular season (although only players acquired prior to midnight on August 31st would be post-season roster eligible).

That means that an MLB club that sustains an injury to a key player after July 31 can acquire a minor league player from another organizarion that might be able to help that club. Obviously you're not going to get a Justin Verlander or even a Daniel Murphy, but you might be able to get a useful minor league player (as the Cubs did when they acquired minor league OF Terrance Gore from KC last August) with some MLB experience that can maybe help the club at least get to the post-season.    

So it might be prudent for non-contendeing clubs to stock up on MLB-ready minor leaguers at AAA that can possibly be used in trades after July 31st. Or as Erasmus might say, "In the land of the blind, the one-eyed man is king." 

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2. OUTRIGHT ASSIGNMENT WAIVERS

Although there is no restriction on Outright Assignment Waiver claims after July 31 (only Trade Assignment Waivers were eliminated), there was a change made regarding Outright Assignment Waivers claims:

For a player who is claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers during the period of time beginning with the first day of Spring Training (the date pitchers & catchers report) through the final game of the MLB regular season, the player cannot be placed back onto Outright Assignment Waivers again for at least 48 hours or until he has spent at least one day on the claiming club's MLB Active List (whichever comes first), and for a player who is claimed off Outright Assignment Waivers during the off-season (the period of time beginning with the day after the conclusion of the MLB regular season up until the first day of Spring Training), the player cannot be placed back onto Outright Assignment Waivers again for at least seven days

Seven days isn't an eternity, but this new requirement should have at least some effect on the waiver claim carousel that goes on during the off-season, especially a waiver claim where the player is claimed and then placed back onto waivers again the next day. That can't happen anymore. A club has to wait at least seven days to place the player back on waivers. 

Also keep in mind that only Trade Assignment Waivers (and Optional Assignment Waivers before they were eliminated in 2017) gave waiver claim priority to clubs within the player's league (a player had to be essentially "waived out of his own league" before a club in the other league could win a Trade Waiver claim). But now that Outright Assignment Waivers and Outright Release Waivers are the only type of waivers left, - ALL - waiver claim priority will be based on a club's record regardless of league (and based on the previous season's standings throughout the off-season through the 30th day of the MLB regular season, and then based on the current standings as of the date the player's two-day waiver claiming period ends beginning on the 31st day of the MLB regular season through the final day of the MLB regular season).      

Comments

I’m a little confused. So a player who signed a major league contract but was optioned and is still on optional assignment can be traded after 7/31, the team just has to announce it as a PTBNL and then name him sometime before the World Series? Can they name him immediately and add him to the roster? If so, why does he have to be a PTBNL? If not, how long do they have to wait?

What happens if a player signs an MLB contract but is released (not outrighted) and then signs a MiLB deal with another club? Can that player be traded?

A player who is released after being outrighted and then subsequently signs a minor league deal with the same club or with another MLB club is no longer considered to be an "outrighted player," so that player can be traded after 7/31. 

A player on an MLB 40-man roster who is on Optional Assignment to the minors cannot be traded during the period of time beginning at 4 PM (Eastern) on 7/31 and extending until the day after the final game of the World Series, but he can be a PTBNL in a trade made before 7/31 or a trade (involving a player on a minor league reserve list) made after 7/31 but prior to the final seven days of the MLB regular season as long as he is not placed on an MLB Active List during the period of time he is a PTBNL, and he cannot be named as a PTBNL during the period of time extendung from 4 PM (Eastern) on 7/31 through the conclusion of the World Series (that is, until 9 AM Eastern on the day after the final game of the World Series). 

A player who signs after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) or who was eligible for selection in the Rule 4 Draft but was not selected and who signs with an MLB club as a Non-Drafted Free-agent (NDFA) cannot be traded for at least 90 days or until after the conclusion of the World Series (no earlier than 9 AM on the day after the final game of the World Series) -- WHICHEVER COMES LAST. 

A player signed after being selected in the MLB Rule 4 Draft (First-Year Player Draft) cannot be a PTBNL in any trade made prior to the conclusion of the World Series. 

I see what the PTBNL rule is saying now. Those players can be included as a PTBNL in a post-deadline deal but they cannot be named/added to the roster until after the World Series. So they wouldn’t be available to play for the new team during the remainder of the regular season or playoffs, correct? 

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  • JustSayin' 3 days 13 hours ago (view)

     I hear you but welcome to the world of Theo.  The team is always a step or two away from the World Series in his mind, whether that is true or not.  Therefore, the thing to do on the margin is to trade top prospects or younger guys on the roster for that missing puzzle piece, not build for the future.  I had a front-row seat for this as a Red Sox fan.  If Pedro Martinez doesn't insist the Red Sox sign David Ortiz for table scraps and Chris Bryant isn't the no-brainer second pick in the draft, we'd all be wondering what happened to that Theo guy who was in the Red S

     

  • Cubster 3 days 14 hours ago (view)

    Shogo Akiyama is a lefty bat, career BA at.301 w/ Seibu Lions.  Recent OBPs: .419, .385, .398, .403 and .392. HR 20-15 in last 3 seasons Stolen bases, 12 in 2019, 18 in best season (2016). Defense supposedly plus-plus, 7-10 assists (10 in 2016). Clearly a leadoff hitter.

     

  • crunch 4 days 7 hours ago (view)

    christian yelich committed internet homicide on yu darvish...

    https://twitter.com/ChristianYelich/status/1195462...

     

  • Charlie 4 days 11 hours ago (view)

    Little in the offseason could make me happier than the Cubs finding ways to retain the good MLB players who came up with them while remaining competitive. This Javy extension talk makes me much happier as a fan than the Bryant and Contreras trade talk.

     

  • crunch 4 days 12 hours ago (view)

    "Javy Baez. The two-time All-Star shortstop and 2018 MVP runner-up already has begun negotiations on a potential long-term extension with the Cubs, according to sources."

    also, some talk of being linked to shogo akiyama (CF, Japan, 32yo in April)

    https://chicago.suntimes.com/cubs/2019/11/15/20966...

     

  • crunch 5 days 8 hours ago (view)

    j.odorizzi accepted his qualifying offer (17.8m) from MIN...so did j.abreu (CWS)....everyone else is gonna play the FA market.

    w.smith (SF) immediately signed with the braves for 3/39 (13m team option/1m buyout on the backend).  braves lose a 2nd round pick...which they'll probably get back when someone signs j.donaldson.

     

  • crunch 6 days 8 hours ago (view)

    nice.

    it's not like i think he's something special, but if he had 5mph more on his stuff he'd probably be a top prospect in the system combined with his command/control.  he's got highly repeatable junk and he's still young enough there might be a little more velocity to discover.

     

  • Arizona Phil 6 days 11 hours ago (view)

    CRUNCH: As long as Carrera is placed on the AAA Iowa reserve list on 11/20 he should be safe from selection, and I would say he is in fact close to a lock to be placed on the Iowa roster.

    Presuming he is on the Iowa reserve list going into the Rule 5 Draft, I doubt very much that he would get selected in the Major League Phase because he hasn't pitched above Lo-A. 

     

  • crunch 6 days 11 hours ago (view)

    nice info...

    i'm low-key keeping an eye on faustino carrera if he's not protected...which he may not be protected.

    he throws junk, but he throws it well, and with great control.

     

  • Arizona Phil 6 days 12 hours ago (view)

    I've talked to Player Development people over the past many years about the Rule 5 Draft and how an organization goes about deciding whether to protect or not protect a player from selection. 

    STEP 1: How many of your Rule 5 Draft-eligible players are actually legit candidates to get selected in the Major League Phase?. Usually there a dozen or more who could conceivably/realisticaly get selected. You need to identify them and then carefully evaluate them. 
    EXAMPLES: See my lists above. 

     

  • crunch 6 days 14 hours ago (view)

    "There are no untouchables," Epstein said.

    In truth, the Cubs boss has said the same every year, but it certainly sounds like he means it this time. "We're in the 'information collecting' stages of the process," one general manager put it on Tuesday.

    https://www.espn.com/mlb/story/_/id/28066390/there...

     

  • Dolorous Jon Lester 1 week 17 hours ago (view)

    I think, in relation to the higher profile guys like Javy or Contreras, they're trying to put some pressure on to sign extensions.

    That said I do think they're listening on everyone with the only name I haven't seen being Rizzo.

     

  • crunch 1 week 1 day ago (view)

    i wonder where the cubs will go with things.

    there's a lot pointing to the cubs being expected to listen to offers on almost anyone.  as it is, on paper, the cubs could roll right into 2020 with no changes whatsoever and still field a very competitive team.  the whole "shakeup" thing seems to be a very hot topic from a variety of sources, though.

    bryant, contreras, schwarber have all been linked to "cubs may be listening" rumors...probably listening to anything on happ, bote, almora, russell, too...

     

  • Hagsag 1 week 1 day ago (view)

    Even the Cubs should be able to out bid the Marlins!

     

  • crunch 1 week 1 day ago (view)

    "According to Joe Frisaro of MLB.com, the Marlins are "believed" to have interest in free agent outfielder Nicholas Castellanos."

    by interest, i assume they mean they'd like to have some baseball rookie cards or his or maybe a hug from him.  i can't imagine they actually want to spend money on someone they could use to make their team better because that makes no sense.

     

  • Arizona Phil 1 week 2 days ago (view)

    Prior to joining the Cubs in 2012 Scott Harris was Director of Baseball Operations in the MLB office, which means he received, reviewed, and approved all major league and minor league contracts and transactions, as well as providing MLB clubs with schedules, rules updates, and draft information.