MLB Rule 5 Draft

The MLB Rule 5 Draft is held on the 2nd Thursday in December and is presently the last order of business at the MLB WINTER MEETINGS. It is a mechanism that allows MLB clubs to select (draft) players off minor league reserve lists.

There is a "Major League Phase" where an MLB club can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs (any minor league classification) for $100,000 ("Major League Phase" Rule 5 Draft price increased from $50,000 to $100,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft), and a "AAA Phase" where a club's AAA minor league affiliate can select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a lower classification (below AAA) for $24,000 (Rule 5 "AAA Phase" draft price increased from $12,000 to $24,000 beginning with the December 2016 draft). 
NOTE: Effective December 2016, the "AA Phase" (where a club's AA minor league affiliate could select Rule 5 Draft-eligible players off the reserve lists of minor league clubs of a classification below AA for $4,000) has been eliminated.

There is no limit on the number of rounds in each phase (there could be one, there could be three, there could be five or more). As long as at least one club is still selecting players, the phase will continue, but as soon as all 30 teams have a full reserve list (so that clubs can no longer make selections) or have passed, the phase is over.

There is no limit on the number of Rule 5 Draft-eligible players any one organization can lose in a Rule 5 Draft.

Rule 5 Draft order is based upon the inverse order of winning percentages from the previous season. If the winning percentages of two or more clubs are the same, the club with the lowest winning percentage from the previous season picks first. If two or more clubs are still tied, league standings from two years back (or three years back, four years back, etc) are used to break the tie.


RULE 5 DRAFT ELIGIBILITY

1. A minor league player who was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract is eligible for selection starting with the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.

2. If a player signs his first contract after the conclusion of the season of the MLB or minor league club to which he is first assigned (even if he signs prior to the Rule 5 Draft), the next season is considered to be the player's "first qualified season" for Rule 5 eligibility purposes. (Depending on the minor league, the conclusion of a minor league club's season could be as early as the first week of August, or as late as the second week of September).

3. A player eligible to be an MLB Rule 55 minor league free-agent who signs a minor league successor contract prior to being declared a free-agent and a free-agent with prior MLB and/or minor league service who signs a minor league contract prior to the Rule 5 Draft is eligible for selection if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract, or the player was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 4th Rule 5 Draft since he signed his first contract.

4. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has either been released or had his contract voided and then re-signs with the same MLB organization within one year is eligible for selection.

5. Any player on a minor league reserve list who has been outrighted to the minors previously in his career is eligible for selection.

6. A player on the Voluntary Retired List, Disqualified List, or Ineligible List is not eligible for selection.

7. An MLB club can designate any player on a minor league reserve list "eligible for selection" in a Rule 5 Draft even if the player would not normally be eligible, but once a player is designated "eligible for selection," he remains eligible for selection in all subsequent Rule 5 drafts.
NOTE: A club might do this if the club is planning to release the player during the off-season. 

8. A minor league player-manager who would be eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft if he was only a player can be selected, but if he is selected, the player-manager can reject the selection and retire. He has 30 days to decide. If he rejects the selection and opts to retire as a player, the player-manager is ineligible to be reinstated as a player for a minimum of one year.  
 

CUBS MINOR LEAGUERS ELIGIBLE FOR SELECTION IN 2021 RULE 5 DRAFT (last updated 5-7-2021)
Aramis Ademan, INF 
Jose Albertos, RHP 
Chris Allen, LHP 
Edmond Americaan, OF
Shendrik Apostel, 1B
D. J. Artis, OF
Javier Assad, RHP 
Cam Balego, C-INF
Alejandro Carrillo, LHP 
Derek Casey, RHP 
Bailey Clark, RHP
Danis Correa, RHP
Rochest Cruz, INF 
Yovanny Cruz, RHP 
Zach Davis, OF
Luis Devers, RHP 
Christian Donahue, INF 
Tyler Durna, 1B
Manuel Espinoza, RHP 
Jeremiah Estrada, RHP
Miguel Fabrizio, C 
Kelvin Feliz, RHP
Misael Garcia, LHP 
Reivaj Garcia, INF
Trent Giambrone, IF-OF
Jose Gutierrez, OF 
Ben Hecht, RHP 
Brandon Hughes, LHP (ex-OF) 
Josue Huma, INF
Gabriel Jaramillo, RHP  
Widimer Joaquin, INF
Levi Jordan, INF
Caleb Knight, C 
Brendon Little, LHP 
Eddy Julio Martinez, OF 
Dakota Mekkes, RHP
Connor Myers, OF 
Tommy Nance, RHP 
Eduarniel; Nunez, RHP 
Carlos Ocampo, RHP 
Carlos Pacheco, OF 
Jack Patterson, LHP 
Yonathan Perlaza, INF 
Fabian Pertuz, INF 
Oswaldo Pina, INF
Jake Reindl, RHP 
Jorge Remon, RHP 
Peyton Remy, RHP 
Samuel Reyes, RHP 
Alfonso Rivas, 1B-OF 
Ethan Roberts, RHP 
Benjamin Rodriguez, RHP 
Jonathan Rodriguez, OF 
Luis Angel Rodriguez, LHP 
Michael Rucker, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
Cam Sanders, RHP 
Yeison Santana, INF 
Wyatt Short, LHP 
Jonathan Sierra, OF
Jake Slaughter, INF-OF 
Matt Swarmer, RHP 
Riley Thompson, RHP 
Erich Uelmen, RHP 
Dauris Valdez, RHP
Didier Vargas, LHP 
Luis Vazquez, INF 
Nelson Velazquez, OF 
Luis Verdugo, INF
Andy Weber, INF 
Blake Whitney, RHP 
Jared Young, 1B-OF 
Delvin Zinn, INF 

Additionally, a free-agent who signs a 2021 minor league contract prior to the 2020 Rule 5 Draft will be eligible for selection in the 2020 Rule 5 Draft if the player was 18 or younger on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract and it is at least the 5th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season, and a minor league player who was 19 years or older on the June 5th immediately prior to signing his first contract becomes eligible for selection starting with the 4th Rule 5 Draft following his first qualified season.
 

MLB RULE 9 (FORMERLY MLB RULE 55)  FREE-AGENT POST-2021 WORLD SERIES

SIX-YEAR MINOR LEAGUE FREE-AGENTS
Sergio Alcantara, INF (Article XX-D player) 
Abiatal Avelino, INF (Article XX-D player)
Joe Biagini, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
James Bourque, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
Craig Brooks, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Jesus Camargo, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Erick Castillo, C
Yovanny Cuevas, OF (see NOTE-2)
Donnie Dewees, OF (see NOTE-2)
Scott Effross, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Taylor Gushue, C
Michael Hermosillo, OF (Article XX-D player)
P. J. Higgins, C-INF (see NOTE-2)
Ben Holmes, LHP 
Bryan Hudson, LHP (see NOTE-2)
Jake Jewell, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Ryan Lawlor, LHP (see NOTE-2)
Jose Lobaton, C (Article XIX-A player) 
Luis Lugo, LHP 
Cameron Maybin, OF (Article XIX-A player)
Ryan Meisinger, RHP (Article XX-D player)
Ian Miller, OF (Article XX-D player)
Jose Moreno, RHP 
Adam Morgan, LHP (Article XIX-A player) 
Rafael Ortega, OF (Article XX-D player)
Nicholas Padilla, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Tyler Payne, C (see NOTE-2)
C. D. Pelham, LHP (Article XX-D player - see NOTE-2
Raymond Pena, C (see NOTE-2)
Eury Ramos, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Andrew Romine, INF (Article XIX-A player)
Aneuris Rosario, RHP (see NOTE-2)
Robert Stock, RHP (Article XX-D player) 
Jerrick Suiter, RHP (ex-1B)_
Joe Wieland, RHP (Article XX-D player)
D. J. Wilson, OF (see NOTE-2)
Patrick Wisdom, 1B-3B (Article XX-D player) 
NOTE-1: Article XX-D means players can elect free-agency if sent outright to minors, and Article XIX-A means player must give his consent before he can be sent to minors by optional or outright assignment. 
NOTE-2: Brooks, Camargo, Cuevas, Dewees, Effross, Higgins, Hudson, Lawlor, Padilla, Payne, Pelham, R. Pena, E. Ramos, A. Rosario, and Wilson are eligible to be MLB Rule 9 minor league 6YFA for the first time post-2021, but only if the 2020 season is considered a "qualified season" toward minor league free-agency for those players. (Even though the 2020 minor league season was canceled before it began, the 2020 season - WAS - considered to be a "qualified season" for minor leaguers who were eligible to be minor league 6YFA for the first time post-2020). However, if the canceled 2020 minor league season is not considered to be a "qualified season" for players eligible to be Rule 55 minor league 6YFA post-2021, then those players will not be eligible to be free agents after the World Series, and will instead be eligible for selection in the 2021 Rule 5 Draft (if the player is still on a minor league reserve list as of 11/20).    

SECOND CONTRACT MINOR LEAGUE PLAYERS (see NOTE-1 below)
Aneudis Beard, RHP (previously released byt TEX) 
Andres Bonalde, LHP (previously released by CUBS)
Juan Gamez, RHP (previously released by MIN)
Alex Katz, LHP (previously released by BAL)
Ryan Kellogg, LHP (previously released by CUBS)
Garrett Kelly, RHP (previously released by MIN)
Austin Krzeminski, RHP (previously released by LAA)
Vance Vizcaino, OF (previously released by KC) 
NOTE-1: With mutual consent (player & club), a second-contract minor league player who has accrued fewer than seven minor league seasons can be signed to a multi-year minor league contract with club control extending up through the player's seventh minor league season. So it is possible that one or more of the Cubs minor league second contract players are signed beyond the 2021 season (TBD).
NOTE-2: INF/ RHP Michael Arias (previously released by TOR) is a second-contract player, but if he is signed beyond 2021 he will not be eligible for selection in the MLB Rule 5 Draft until post-2022.  
 
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RULE 5 DRAFT RESTRICTIONS:

1. A minor league player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be added to an MLB Reserve List (40-man roster), traded to another organization, or transferred from one minor league reserve list to another within the same organization, beginning with the filing of MLB minor league reserve lists on November 20th (or November 19th if November 20th falls on a Saturday or November 18th if November 20th falls on a Sunday) and extending through the completion of the Rule 5 Draft.

2. A Rule 5 Draft-eligible player cannot be sent outright to the minors beginning at 5 PM (Eastern) on the third day prior to the Rule 5 Draft through the conclusion of the draft.

3. A club must have as many slots open on its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) prior to the start of the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players it selects in the Major League Phase, and an MLB club's AAA affiliate must have as many slots open on its reserve list prior to the start of the AAA Phase of the Rule 5 Draft as the number of players the affiliate selects in the AAA Phase. 

4. A club can select a player off the reserve list of one of its own minor league affiliates, but if the player is selected in the Major League Phase, the club is bound by the same Rule 5 roster restrictions as if it had selected the player off the reserve list of another club's minor league affiliate.
NOTE: This actually happened at least once a number of years ago, after a club (Atlanta Braves) inadvertently left one of its top prospects off its MLB Reserve List (40-man roster) when minor league reserve lists were submitted to the MLB Commissioner on November 20th.

5. A player eligible for selection in the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "covered up" from selection, either by agreement between two clubs or by effect (such as by concocting a phony injury and placing the player on an Injured List in an attempt to decrease a player's value when the player is not really injured). Also, a player selected in the Major League Phase of the Rule 5 Draft cannot be "hidden" on an Injured List to help the drafting club fulfill Rule 5 roster obligations (such as by leaving the player on the Injured List after he is healthy enough to play). If the MLB Commissioner believes a club "covered up" a player to avoid losing the player in the Rule Draft or "hid" a selected player on an Injured List, the offending club or clubs are subject to a penalty (TBD by the MLB Commissioner).

Recent comments

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  • Arizona Phil 8 hours 56 min ago (view)

    BTW, if you haven't read my Roster Rules section lately, it has been updated for 2021 

    One of the most significant changes is that minor league affiliates no longer have individual reserve lists.

    It used to be that the AAA reserve list limit was 38 players, AA was 37, and each single-A affiliate and short-season affiliate was 35 for the entire year including the off-season.  

    Now, there are two reserve lists, one called the "Domestic Reserve List," and the other called the "International Reserve List."

     

  • Arizona Phil 15 hours 16 min ago (view)

    I know I posted the Kelley and Polanco releases during Minor League Camp and the Kellogg, Katz, and Krzeminski signings about a  week or two ago, but I probably did not post the Snelten release. 

     

  • videographer 16 hours 29 min ago (view)

    Per Baseball America:  players signed and released over the last two weeks.

     

  • crunch 1 day 4 hours ago (view)

    turned into a combined no-hitter.

    miller/nance/wieck/meisinger

     

  • crunch 1 day 8 hours ago (view)

    MRI for marisnick on monday...no d/l yet, but it seems likely

    also heyward has a hand issue and that's why he was removed in the 9th for a pinch hitter.  no word on if that's going to be a thing going forward or just a "sleep it off" thing.

     

  • crunch 1 day 11 hours ago (view)

    sad thing is you can't even count on heyward slotting over to CF.  his D is getting subpar, average on a good day, and he can barely handle RF as steady as he used to at this point.

    2y/44m left on that deal...

     

  • crunch 1 day 11 hours ago (view)

    may 9th and hendricks puts in 5 innings (88 pitches) to bring the team lead in SP innings pitched to 34.2ip

    if arrieta didn't get injured (missing his last game) and pitched a hell of a game he wouldn't have hit 40ip+ unless he threw a complete game.

    might not have a single starter going 200ip this year even if they stay healthy.

     

  • Arizona Phil 1 day 11 hours ago (view)

    Dominating three innings for Shelby Miller in his rehab start for AAA Iowa today.  

     

  • Arizona Phil 1 day 11 hours ago (view)

    Jake Marisnick has had several DL/IL stints due to hamstring injuries over the years, so this is nothing new.

    I would think Cameron Maybin will probably get the call-up if Marisnick goes on the IL, although adding Maybin to the 40 would require a corresponding 40-man roster deletion (60-day IL or DFA). 

     

  • crunch 1 day 12 hours ago (view)

    j.marisnick right hamstring strain...may or may not hit the DL.

     

  • crunch 1 day 12 hours ago (view)

    PIT has 3 runs on on a walk and a slew of hits with an exit velocity comparable to the arm speed of a 5 year old throwing a dry sponge.

    also, marisnick is injured and done.  he's walking off the field before being checked on.

     

  • crunch 1 day 13 hours ago (view)

    crazy quiet at the park today in the 1st.

    hendricks loading the f'n bases with 0 outs isn't helping.

     

  • Dolorous Jon Lester 1 day 13 hours ago (view)

    Shelby Miller on a rehab assignment. Hope he stays there

     

  • crunch 1 day 13 hours ago (view)

    javy got a back ouchie and sitting today (sunday)

     

  • crunch 2 days 8 hours ago (view)

    both him and his sister (who's since left twitter) have some interesting opinions on what civility and real americans are and are not.

    it may run in the family, but they're grown ass adults responsible for what things they put out in the world for public consumption.

     

  • Hagsag 2 days 8 hours ago (view)

    Piece of gabage.